Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 5%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 90%
Gary Ackerman 5%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 30%
Bill Archer 85%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 85%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
Cass Ballenger 85%
James Barcia 30%
Bob Barr, Jr. 95%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 5%
Bill Barrett 60%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 95%
Charlie Bass 65%
Herbert Bateman 55%
Max Baucus 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
Bob Bennett 90%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 0%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 10%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 0%
Brian Bilbray 70%
Michael Bilirakis 85%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 15%
Rod Blagojevich 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 90%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 95%
Sherwood Boehlert 30%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 95%
Kit Bond 75%
Henry Bonilla 100%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 20%
Rick Boucher 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 10%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 5%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
John Breaux 20%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 90%
Richard Bryan 5%
Ed Bryant 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 75%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 95%
Ben Campbell 85%
Thomas Campbell 45%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 85%
Chris Cannon 95%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 45%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 90%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 5%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 10%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 5%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 85%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 75%
Michael Collins 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
Larry Combest 95%
Gary Condit 35%
Kent Conrad 5%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 5%
Merrill Cook 95%
John Cooksey 80%
Jerry Costello 10%
Paul Coverdell 90%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 30%
Philip Crane 95%
Barbara Cubin 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 5%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Patsy Ann Danner 40%
Thomas Daschle 5%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 5%
James Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 80%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 5%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
Bill Delahunt 5%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 5%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Peter Deutsch 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 65%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 80%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 10%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 80%
Calvin Dooley 10%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 15%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 0%
David Dreier 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 95%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 5%
Chet Edwards 5%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 90%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
Philip English 80%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 5%
Bob Etheridge 10%
Lane Evans 5%
Terry Everett 95%
Thomas Ewing 90%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 5%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 5%
Russ Feingold 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 5%
Bob Filner 10%
Mark Foley 70%
Michael Patrick Forbes 70%
Harold Ford, Jr. 5%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 90%
Tillie Fowler 90%
Barney Frank 5%
Robert Franks 70%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 65%
William Frist 80%
Jonas Frost III 5%
Elton Gallegly 90%
John Ganske 50%
Sam Gejdenson 10%
George Gekas 90%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 5%
Jim Gibbons 90%
Wayne Gilchrest 70%
Paul Gillmor 75%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 95%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
William Goodling 95%
Bart Gordon 20%
Slade Gorton 80%
Porter Goss 95%
Daniel Graham 5%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
William Phillip Gramm 95%
Rodney Grams 90%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 65%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 10%
James Greenwood 60%
Judd Gregg 80%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 80%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 85%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 90%
Tony Hall 10%
James Hansen 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 95%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 90%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 85%
Jesse Helms 75%
Wally Herger, Jr. 90%
Rick Hill 85%
Van Hilleary 90%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 10%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
David Lee Hobson 80%
Pete Hoekstra 95%
Thomas Holden 5%
Ernest Hollings 10%
Darlene Hooley 5%
Stephen Horn 70%
John Nathan Hostettler 90%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 35%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
Kenny Hulshof 95%
Duncan Hunter 85%
Asa Hutchinson 85%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 95%
Kay Hutchison 90%
Henry Hyde 85%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 95%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 75%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 5%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 5%
William Jefferson 5%
James Merrill Jeffords 30%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 20%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
Nancy Johnson 25%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 5%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 95%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 5%
OH Governor John Kasich R 95%
Sue Kelly 70%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Bob Kerrey 10%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 5%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 5%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 85%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Ronald Klink 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 95%
Herb Kohl 5%
James Kolbe 95%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 95%
John LaFalce 0%
Ray LaHood 75%
Nicholas Lampson 5%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 10%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 95%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 50%
James Leach 35%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 10%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
Jerry Lewis 90%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 5%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 20%
John Linder 95%
William Lipinski 10%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 50%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 10%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
Dick Lugar 65%
William Luther 5%
Connie Mack 85%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
James Maloney 30%
Don Manzullo 95%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 5%
Matthew Martinez 10%
Frank Mascara 0%
Robert Matsui 5%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 75%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 15%
Karen McCarthy 5%
Bill McCollum 95%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 90%
James McCrery III 85%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 5%
John McHugh 65%
Scott McInnis 95%
David McIntosh 95%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 20%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 5%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 5%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
Jack Metcalf 80%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 5%
Dan Miller 95%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 5%
David Minge 5%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 5%
Alan Mollohan 10%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 95%
Constance Morella 15%
Patrick Moynihan 10%
Frank Murkowski 90%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 5%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 5%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 70%
Don Nickles 95%
Anne Northup 90%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
James Nussle 85%
Jim Oberstar 5%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 5%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 5%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 90%
Ronald Packard 95%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 15%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 5%
Ron Paul 65%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 90%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
John Peterson 90%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 70%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 95%
Owen Pickett 10%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 95%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 5%
John Edward Porter 55%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 90%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
Deborah Pryce 90%
Jack Quinn 60%
George Radanovich 95%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 15%
James Ramstad 60%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
Ralph Regula 60%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 15%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 5%
Charles Robb 15%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 85%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 10%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 20%
James Rogan 95%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 80%
William Roth, Jr. 60%
Steve Rothman 5%
Marge Roukema 55%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 90%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 5%
Jim Ryun 90%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 15%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 20%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 80%
Rick Santorum 90%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
Jim Saxton 75%
Joe Scarborough 95%
Robert Schaffer 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 10%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 95%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 5%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 95%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 95%
John Shadegg 95%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 65%
Christopher Shays 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 90%
E.G. Shuster 90%
Norman Sisisky 15%
Joseph Skeen 80%
Ike Skelton 10%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 5%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 5%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
Gordon Smith 95%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
Nick Smith 90%
Bob Smith 90%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 0%
Mark Souder 80%
Arlen Specter 45%
Floyd Spence 95%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 10%
Pete Stark 5%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 15%
Ted Stevens 75%
Ted Strickland 5%
Bob Stump 95%
Bart Stupak 5%
John Sununu 95%
James Talent 100%
John Tanner 10%
Ellen Tauscher 10%
William Tauzin 95%
Charles Taylor 90%
Gene Taylor 65%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 85%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
Fred Thompson 70%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 95%
Karen Thurman 10%
Strom Thurmond 75%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 5%
Robert Torricelli 10%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 45%
James Turner 20%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 75%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
Bruce Vento 5%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
James Walsh 55%
Zach Wamp 85%
John Warner 80%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 5%
Wesley Watkins 90%
Mel Watt 5%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
David Weldon 90%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gerald Weller 80%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 5%
Bob Weygand 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 95%
Heather Wilson 67%
Bob Wise, Jr. 5%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 70%
Lynn Woolsey 5%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 20%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 80%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.