Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2006 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA President Barack Obama II D 15%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 10%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 95%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 80%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 25%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 80%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 91%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 14%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 15%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 35%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 90%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 5%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 85%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 5%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 82%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 95%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 95%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 30%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 95%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 14%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 60%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 5%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 5%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 86%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 5%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 5%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 10%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 18%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 85%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 10%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 85%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 90%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 90%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 10%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 14%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 15%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 5%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 5%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 90%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 77%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 91%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 82%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 100%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 14%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 14%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 5%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 41%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 14%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 5%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 5%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 9%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 95%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 14%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 95%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 14%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 5%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 9%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 0%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 91%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 77%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 36%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 95%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 100%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 95%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 64%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 23%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 91%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 100%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 86%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 14%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 9%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 9%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 95%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 5%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 95%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 73%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 95%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 9%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 14%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 18%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 23%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 9%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 9%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 18%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 95%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 5%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 9%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 9%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 95%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 5%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 41%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 27%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 14%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 95%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 18%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 18%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 64%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 82%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 95%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 95%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 82%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 82%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 82%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 9%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 100%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 95%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 14%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 14%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 23%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 5%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 14%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 23%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 9%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 9%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 100%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 95%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 14%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 95%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 95%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 91%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 27%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 23%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 14%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 82%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 95%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 9%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 9%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 95%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 91%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 95%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 18%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 95%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 18%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 23%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 100%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 77%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 91%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 73%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 91%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 95%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 91%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 86%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 95%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 23%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 91%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 95%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 82%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 91%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 27%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 14%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 95%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 95%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 100%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 95%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 68%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 27%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 18%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 86%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 14%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 73%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 59%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 91%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 9%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 64%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 23%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 73%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 14%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 23%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 86%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 95%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 95%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 23%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 82%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 18%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 90%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 9%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 95%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 15%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 27%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 100%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 5%
Gary Ackerman 14%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 5%
Todd Akin 100%
Rodney Alexander 95%
Wayne Allard 95%
Thomas Allen 5%
Rob Andrews 14%
Joe Baca, Sr. 14%
Brian Baird 24%
Richard Hugh Baker 82%
J. Gresham Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 91%
Max Baucus 25%
Evan Bayh 15%
Melissa Bean 50%
Shelley Berkley 5%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 32%
Judy Biggert 95%
Jeff Bingaman 10%
Kit Bond 90%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 100%
Mary Bono Mack 77%
Dan Boren 77%
Leonard Boswell 41%
Rick Boucher 23%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 41%
Henry Brown, Jr. 95%
Ginny Brown-Waite 100%
Jim Bunning 90%
Dan Burton 91%
Steve Buyer 64%
Robert Byrd 10%
Chris Cannon 95%
Eric Cantor 100%
Dennis Cardoza 32%
Russ Carnahan 14%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 77%
Ben Chandler III 27%
Hillary Clinton 10%
Norm Coleman 75%
Kent Conrad 15%
Jerry Costello 23%
Larry Craig 95%
Robert Cramer 59%
Barbara Cubin 95%
Artur Davis 36%
Geoff Davis 95%
Jo Ann Davis 68%
Lincoln Davis 59%
Thomas Davis III 82%
Bill Delahunt 9%
James DeMint 95%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 95%
Norm Dicks 9%
Chris Dodd 5%
Elizabeth Dole 80%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 90%
John Doolittle 95%
Byron Dorgan 5%
Thelma Drake 100%
David Dreier 100%
Chet Edwards 59%
Vern Ehlers 77%
Jo Ann Emerson 82%
Philip English 95%
Bob Etheridge 18%
Terry Everett 91%
Tom Feeney 95%
Russ Feingold 15%
Michael Ferguson 86%
Bob Filner 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 91%
Barney Frank 5%
Elton Gallegly 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 86%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 18%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 95%
Bart Gordon 45%
Judd Gregg 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 93%
Robert Hayes 91%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 27%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
David Lee Hobson 86%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 23%
Darlene Hooley 23%
Kenny Hulshof 95%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Kay Hutchison 90%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 95%
Daniel Inouye 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 50%
Tim Johnson 82%
Paul Kanjorski 14%
Ric Keller 86%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 5%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 9%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 91%
Herb Kohl 15%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
John Kuhl, Jr. 95%
Jon Kyl 95%
Ray LaHood 95%
Tom Lantos 0%
Steve LaTourette 86%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Jerry Lewis 86%
Ron Lewis 95%
Joe Lieberman 15%
Blanche Lincoln 20%
John Linder 86%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
Dick Lugar 75%
Dan Lungren 100%
Connie Mack IV 95%
Don Manzullo 82%
Jim Marshall 41%
Melquiades Martinez 95%
Thaddeus McCotter 86%
James McCrery III 95%
John McHugh 68%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 9%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 23%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 59%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 18%
Brad Miller 5%
Alan Mollohan 23%
Dennis Moore 23%
Jack Murtha 18%
Marilyn Musgrave 100%
Sue Myrick 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
Jim Oberstar 9%
Dave Obey 5%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 23%
Ron Paul 82%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 82%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 91%
Todd Platts 86%
Earl Pomeroy 18%
Jon Porter, Sr. 95%
Deborah Pryce 95%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 86%
Ralph Regula 64%
Denny Rehberg 95%
Richard Renzi 95%
Silvestre Reyes 14%
Thomas Reynolds 100%
Mike Ross 27%
Steve Rothman 9%
Ken Salazar 10%
Jim Saxton 86%
Jean Schmidt 100%
John Shadegg 100%
Christopher Shays 55%
Ike Skelton 36%
Gordon Smith 90%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 9%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 23%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Ted Stevens 95%
Bart Stupak 14%
John Sullivan 95%
John Sununu 95%
Tom Tancredo 95%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 18%
Gene Taylor 45%
Craig Thomas 90%
Todd Tiahrt 91%
Ed Towns 14%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 5%
George Voinovich 50%
James Walsh 68%
Zach Wamp 95%
John Warner 80%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 0%
David Weldon 100%
Gerald Weller 95%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 73%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 18%
Albert Wynn 23%
Bill Young 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.