Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2005 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 8%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Todd Akin 92%
Rodney Alexander 92%
Wayne Allard 95%
George Allen 95%
Thomas Allen 8%
Rob Andrews 17%
Joe Baca, Sr. 21%
Brian Baird 17%
Richard Hugh Baker 96%
J. Gresham Barrett 96%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 88%
Max Baucus 15%
Evan Bayh 10%
Melissa Bean 29%
Bob Beauprez 92%
Bob Bennett 95%
Shelley Berkley 17%
Howard Berman 12%
Marion Berry 21%
Judy Biggert 88%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 25%
Sherwood Boehlert 75%
Kit Bond 95%
Henry Bonilla 96%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 96%
Mary Bono Mack 92%
Dan Boren 38%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Rick Boucher 17%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 25%
Henry Brown, Jr. 92%
Ginny Brown-Waite 79%
Jim Bunning 95%
Conrad Burns 85%
Dan Burton 96%
Steve Buyer 79%
Robert Byrd 15%
Chris Cannon 96%
Eric Cantor 96%
Dennis Cardoza 21%
Russ Carnahan 8%
Julia Carson 12%
Edward Case 12%
Mike Castle 71%
Ben Chandler III 17%
Chris Chocola 96%
Hillary Clinton 5%
Norm Coleman 75%
Kent Conrad 0%
Jerry Costello 8%
Larry Craig 85%
Robert Cramer 42%
Barbara Cubin 83%
Artur Davis 29%
Geoff Davis 96%
James Davis 8%
Jo Ann Davis 75%
Lincoln Davis 29%
Thomas Davis III 79%
Bill Delahunt 8%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 95%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 88%
Norm Dicks 25%
Chris Dodd 10%
Elizabeth Dole 95%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 85%
John Doolittle 92%
Byron Dorgan 0%
Thelma Drake 88%
David Dreier 96%
Chet Edwards 12%
Vern Ehlers 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 83%
Philip English 92%
John Ensign 85%
Bob Etheridge 12%
Lane Evans 12%
Terry Everett 92%
Tom Feeney 92%
Russ Feingold 5%
Michael Ferguson 88%
Bob Filner 12%
Mark Foley 83%
Harold Ford, Jr. 17%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 92%
Barney Frank 12%
William Frist 95%
Elton Gallegly 88%
Jim Gibbons 88%
Wayne Gilchrest 88%
Paul Gillmor 83%
Charlie Gonzalez 17%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 79%
Bart Gordon 25%
Mark Green 92%
Judd Gregg 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 79%
Jane Harman 17%
Katherine Harris 83%
Melissa Hart 92%
J. Dennis Hastert 91%
Robert Hayes 96%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 96%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 17%
Maurice Hinchey 8%
David Lee Hobson 92%
Pete Hoekstra 96%
Thomas Holden 21%
Darlene Hooley 17%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Kenny Hulshof 92%
Duncan Hunter 88%
Kay Hutchison 95%
Henry Hyde 96%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 83%
Daniel Inouye 10%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 4%
William Jefferson 21%
James Merrill Jeffords 25%
William Lewis Jenkins 83%
Nancy Johnson 71%
Tim Johnson 46%
Paul Kanjorski 8%
Ric Keller 92%
Sue Kelly 83%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 5%
Mark Kennedy 92%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Dale Kildee 12%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 12%
Joseph Knollenberg 96%
Herb Kohl 10%
James Kolbe 92%
Dennis Kucinich 12%
John Kuhl, Jr. 88%
Jon Kyl 90%
Ray LaHood 79%
Tom Lantos 12%
Steve LaTourette 83%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
James Leach 62%
Jerry Lewis 96%
Ron Lewis 88%
Joe Lieberman 10%
Blanche Lincoln 25%
John Linder 96%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
Dick Lugar 90%
Dan Lungren 96%
Connie Mack IV 79%
Don Manzullo 92%
Jim Marshall 25%
Melquiades Martinez 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 79%
James McCrery III 96%
John McHugh 58%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 12%
Michael McNulty 17%
Martin Meehan 12%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 17%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 17%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 17%
Brad Miller 8%
Alan Mollohan 8%
Dennis Moore 25%
Jack Murtha 21%
Marilyn Musgrave 96%
Sue Myrick 88%
Ben Nelson 55%
Robert William Ney 75%
Anne Northup 96%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 79%
James Nussle 92%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 12%
John Olver 12%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 21%
Thomas William Osborne 96%
Major Owens 12%
Michael Oxley 88%
Ron Paul 42%
Donald Payne 8%
John Peterson 88%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 88%
Todd Platts 75%
Richard Pombo 88%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
Jon Porter, Sr. 92%
Deborah Pryce 88%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 79%
Ralph Regula 88%
Denny Rehberg 88%
Richard Renzi 92%
Silvestre Reyes 12%
Thomas Reynolds 92%
Mike Ross 21%
Steve Rothman 4%
Jim Ryun 96%
Martin Olav Sabo 8%
Ken Salazar 10%
Rick Santorum 95%
Paul Sarbanes 5%
Jim Saxton 83%
Jean Schmidt 90%
John Schwarz 83%
John Shadegg 88%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 83%
Christopher Shays 58%
Donald Sherwood 92%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 50%
Ike Skelton 21%
Gordon Smith 85%
Olympia Snowe 45%
Vic Snyder 25%
Mike Sodrel 92%
Hilda Solis 12%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 21%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Ted Stevens 89%
Ted Strickland 8%
Bart Stupak 12%
John Sullivan 92%
John Sununu 85%
John Sweeney 79%
James Talent 95%
Tom Tancredo 88%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 12%
Charles Taylor 83%
Gene Taylor 25%
Craig Thomas 80%
William Thomas 88%
Todd Tiahrt 92%
Ed Towns 29%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 12%
George Voinovich 70%
James Walsh 92%
Zach Wamp 92%
John Warner 90%
Diane Watson 8%
Mel Watt 8%
Anthony Weiner 12%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 75%
Gerald Weller 92%
Robert Wexler 8%
Heather Wilson 79%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
David Wu 17%
Albert Wynn 21%
Bill Young 92%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 12%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 12%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 12%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 10%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 25%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 12%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 8%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 8%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 12%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 8%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 17%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 25%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 8%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 12%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 25%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 45%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 12%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 8%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 21%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 12%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 25%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 21%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 8%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 48%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 12%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 12%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 12%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 12%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 12%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 17%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 8%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 17%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 12%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 12%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 4%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 10%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 8%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 12%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 12%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 5%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 4%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 12%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 21%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 8%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 12%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 12%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 12%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 12%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 12%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 8%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 10%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 12%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 5%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 21%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 35%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 17%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 12%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 8%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 5%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 12%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 5%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 4%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 12%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 12%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 12%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 12%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 12%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 38%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 13%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 8%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 8%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 12%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 21%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 21%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 17%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 8%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 21%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 8%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 30%
NA President Barack Obama II D 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 8%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 8%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 12%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 12%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 25%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 12%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 8%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 5%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 5%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 4%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 17%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 17%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 17%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 12%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 8%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 4%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 4%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 12%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 8%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 17%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 21%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 5%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 17%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 17%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 12%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 12%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 8%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 12%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 21%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 4%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 17%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 12%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 8%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 5%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 12%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 17%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 21%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 92%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 95%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 92%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 96%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 92%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 96%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 88%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 88%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 88%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 83%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 96%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 95%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 92%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 96%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 88%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 50%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 75%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 96%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 95%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 75%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 90%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 85%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 96%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 45%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 96%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 95%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 80%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 96%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 92%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 92%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 83%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 70%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 88%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 88%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 80%
PA U.S. House-8 Mike Fitzpatrick R 71%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 92%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 92%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 96%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 88%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 92%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 88%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 67%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 92%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 88%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 85%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 96%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 85%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 96%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 88%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 96%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 95%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 96%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 90%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 95%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 96%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 79%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 92%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 62%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 83%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 96%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 92%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 88%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 96%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 92%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 71%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 92%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 90%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 88%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 95%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 88%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 96%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 92%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 96%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 83%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 96%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 83%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 95%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 92%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 96%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 92%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 88%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 96%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 96%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 92%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 96%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 96%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 88%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 95%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 83%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 83%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 96%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 96%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 92%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 92%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 96%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 87%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 90%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 80%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 96%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 88%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 54%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 96%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 92%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 96%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 75%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 96%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 96%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 83%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 85%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 92%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 96%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 92%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 92%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 96%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 75%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 92%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.