Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2005 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 95%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 92%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 80%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 90%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 83%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 92%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 92%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 25%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 88%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 90%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 92%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 12%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 12%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 92%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 17%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 13%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 12%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 21%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 12%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 12%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 12%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 12%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 92%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 8%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 96%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 8%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 8%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 96%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 8%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 8%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 12%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 12%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 92%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 4%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 96%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 12%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 50%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 17%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 96%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 96%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 12%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 12%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 8%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 21%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 25%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 30%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 83%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 96%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 12%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 96%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 4%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 17%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 88%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 92%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 96%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 95%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 92%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 25%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 96%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 4%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 96%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 92%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 12%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 25%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 92%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 85%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 5%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 92%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 96%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 80%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 88%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 88%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 88%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 12%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 12%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 12%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 4%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 88%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 8%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 4%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 96%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 95%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 92%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 95%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 95%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 92%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 83%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 35%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 85%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 88%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 79%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 12%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 12%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 12%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 8%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 12%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 12%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 17%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 12%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 12%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 12%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 45%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 17%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 5%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 5%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 88%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 83%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 96%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 83%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 12%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 96%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 12%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 5%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 88%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 12%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 8%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 96%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 92%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 17%
NA President Barack Obama II D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 10%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 5%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 95%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 17%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 62%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 12%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 88%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 75%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 21%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 88%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 96%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 92%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 83%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 71%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 54%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 88%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 8%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 8%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 88%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 8%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 8%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 5%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 12%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 83%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 12%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 8%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 21%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 21%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 12%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 8%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 8%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 12%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 17%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 17%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 12%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 8%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 12%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 96%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 96%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 17%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 90%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 96%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 92%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 8%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 12%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 8%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 4%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 67%
PA U.S. House-8 Mike Fitzpatrick R 71%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 96%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 4%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 17%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 83%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 96%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 92%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 17%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 45%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 85%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 96%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 21%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 75%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 95%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 88%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 25%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 96%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 95%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 88%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 92%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 92%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 88%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 96%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 96%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 92%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 96%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 8%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 88%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 96%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 96%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 96%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 21%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 12%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 96%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 96%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 92%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 92%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 48%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 12%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 8%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 96%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 96%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 12%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 95%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 92%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 38%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 4%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 92%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 21%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 75%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 17%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 15%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 25%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 12%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 96%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 92%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 8%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 88%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 21%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 12%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 12%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 96%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 21%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 8%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 87%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 5%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 75%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 12%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 80%
Gary Ackerman 8%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Todd Akin 92%
Rodney Alexander 92%
Wayne Allard 95%
George Allen 95%
Thomas Allen 8%
Rob Andrews 17%
Joe Baca, Sr. 21%
Brian Baird 17%
Richard Hugh Baker 96%
J. Gresham Barrett 96%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 88%
Max Baucus 15%
Evan Bayh 10%
Melissa Bean 29%
Bob Beauprez 92%
Bob Bennett 95%
Shelley Berkley 17%
Howard Berman 12%
Marion Berry 21%
Judy Biggert 88%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 25%
Sherwood Boehlert 75%
Kit Bond 95%
Henry Bonilla 96%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 96%
Mary Bono Mack 92%
Dan Boren 38%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Rick Boucher 17%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 25%
Henry Brown, Jr. 92%
Ginny Brown-Waite 79%
Jim Bunning 95%
Conrad Burns 85%
Dan Burton 96%
Steve Buyer 79%
Robert Byrd 15%
Chris Cannon 96%
Eric Cantor 96%
Dennis Cardoza 21%
Russ Carnahan 8%
Julia Carson 12%
Edward Case 12%
Mike Castle 71%
Ben Chandler III 17%
Chris Chocola 96%
Hillary Clinton 5%
Norm Coleman 75%
Kent Conrad 0%
Jerry Costello 8%
Larry Craig 85%
Robert Cramer 42%
Barbara Cubin 83%
Artur Davis 29%
Geoff Davis 96%
James Davis 8%
Jo Ann Davis 75%
Lincoln Davis 29%
Thomas Davis III 79%
Bill Delahunt 8%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 95%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 88%
Norm Dicks 25%
Chris Dodd 10%
Elizabeth Dole 95%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 85%
John Doolittle 92%
Byron Dorgan 0%
Thelma Drake 88%
David Dreier 96%
Chet Edwards 12%
Vern Ehlers 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 83%
Philip English 92%
John Ensign 85%
Bob Etheridge 12%
Lane Evans 12%
Terry Everett 92%
Tom Feeney 92%
Russ Feingold 5%
Michael Ferguson 88%
Bob Filner 12%
Mark Foley 83%
Harold Ford, Jr. 17%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 92%
Barney Frank 12%
William Frist 95%
Elton Gallegly 88%
Jim Gibbons 88%
Wayne Gilchrest 88%
Paul Gillmor 83%
Charlie Gonzalez 17%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 79%
Bart Gordon 25%
Mark Green 92%
Judd Gregg 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 79%
Jane Harman 17%
Katherine Harris 83%
Melissa Hart 92%
J. Dennis Hastert 91%
Robert Hayes 96%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 96%
Wally Herger, Jr. 96%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 17%
Maurice Hinchey 8%
David Lee Hobson 92%
Pete Hoekstra 96%
Thomas Holden 21%
Darlene Hooley 17%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Kenny Hulshof 92%
Duncan Hunter 88%
Kay Hutchison 95%
Henry Hyde 96%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 83%
Daniel Inouye 10%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 4%
William Jefferson 21%
James Merrill Jeffords 25%
William Lewis Jenkins 83%
Nancy Johnson 71%
Tim Johnson 46%
Paul Kanjorski 8%
Ric Keller 92%
Sue Kelly 83%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 5%
Mark Kennedy 92%
Patrick Kennedy 12%
Dale Kildee 12%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 12%
Joseph Knollenberg 96%
Herb Kohl 10%
James Kolbe 92%
Dennis Kucinich 12%
John Kuhl, Jr. 88%
Jon Kyl 90%
Ray LaHood 79%
Tom Lantos 12%
Steve LaTourette 83%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
James Leach 62%
Jerry Lewis 96%
Ron Lewis 88%
Joe Lieberman 10%
Blanche Lincoln 25%
John Linder 96%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
Dick Lugar 90%
Dan Lungren 96%
Connie Mack IV 79%
Don Manzullo 92%
Jim Marshall 25%
Melquiades Martinez 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 79%
James McCrery III 96%
John McHugh 58%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 12%
Michael McNulty 17%
Martin Meehan 12%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 17%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 17%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 17%
Brad Miller 8%
Alan Mollohan 8%
Dennis Moore 25%
Jack Murtha 21%
Marilyn Musgrave 96%
Sue Myrick 88%
Ben Nelson 55%
Robert William Ney 75%
Anne Northup 96%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 79%
James Nussle 92%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 12%
John Olver 12%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 21%
Thomas William Osborne 96%
Major Owens 12%
Michael Oxley 88%
Ron Paul 42%
Donald Payne 8%
John Peterson 88%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 88%
Todd Platts 75%
Richard Pombo 88%
Earl Pomeroy 21%
Jon Porter, Sr. 92%
Deborah Pryce 88%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 79%
Ralph Regula 88%
Denny Rehberg 88%
Richard Renzi 92%
Silvestre Reyes 12%
Thomas Reynolds 92%
Mike Ross 21%
Steve Rothman 4%
Jim Ryun 96%
Martin Olav Sabo 8%
Ken Salazar 10%
Rick Santorum 95%
Paul Sarbanes 5%
Jim Saxton 83%
Jean Schmidt 90%
John Schwarz 83%
John Shadegg 88%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 83%
Christopher Shays 58%
Donald Sherwood 92%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 50%
Ike Skelton 21%
Gordon Smith 85%
Olympia Snowe 45%
Vic Snyder 25%
Mike Sodrel 92%
Hilda Solis 12%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 21%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 96%
Ted Stevens 89%
Ted Strickland 8%
Bart Stupak 12%
John Sullivan 92%
John Sununu 85%
John Sweeney 79%
James Talent 95%
Tom Tancredo 88%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 12%
Charles Taylor 83%
Gene Taylor 25%
Craig Thomas 80%
William Thomas 88%
Todd Tiahrt 92%
Ed Towns 29%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 12%
George Voinovich 70%
James Walsh 92%
Zach Wamp 92%
John Warner 90%
Diane Watson 8%
Mel Watt 8%
Anthony Weiner 12%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 75%
Gerald Weller 92%
Robert Wexler 8%
Heather Wilson 79%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
David Wu 17%
Albert Wynn 21%
Bill Young 92%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.