Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2003 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 85%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 75%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 80%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 85%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 90%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 20%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 90%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 85%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 95%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 5%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 25%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 5%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 5%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 5%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 10%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 95%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 5%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 95%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 5%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 85%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 5%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 5%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 90%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 95%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 90%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 5%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 10%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 5%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 5%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 5%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 10%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 15%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 90%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 95%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 95%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 85%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 95%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 90%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 25%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 95%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 30%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 90%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 10%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 90%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 90%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 95%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 75%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 5%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 75%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 5%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 90%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 10%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 95%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 95%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 85%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 85%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 55%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 10%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 5%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 11%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 10%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 5%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 65%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 15%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 15%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 10%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 95%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 80%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 85%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 5%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 85%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 5%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 40%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 95%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 10%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 90%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 95%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 10%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 95%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 85%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 95%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 10%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 25%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 90%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 85%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 10%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 65%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 80%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 5%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 5%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 80%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 5%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 95%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 5%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 70%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 25%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 20%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 10%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 5%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 5%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 5%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 85%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 95%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 5%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 95%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 75%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 15%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 85%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 85%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 90%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 5%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 80%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 10%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 5%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 5%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 80%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 80%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 5%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 95%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 95%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 0%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 35%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 90%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 80%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 5%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 95%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 90%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 20%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 100%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 80%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 90%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 90%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 95%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 30%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 95%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 95%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 15%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 5%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 90%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 5%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 95%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 40%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 95%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 95%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 15%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 5%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 5%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 5%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 30%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 95%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 20%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 10%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 95%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 20%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 95%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 85%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 20%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 95%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 5%
Todd Akin 95%
Rodney Alexander 40%
Wayne Allard 95%
George Allen 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 5%
Joe Baca, Sr. 15%
Brian Baird 10%
Richard Hugh Baker 90%
Frank Ballance, Jr. 5%
Cass Ballenger 90%
J. Gresham Barrett 95%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
Charlie Bass 85%
Max Baucus 25%
Evan Bayh 25%
Bob Beauprez 95%
Chris Bell 20%
Bob Bennett 100%
Douglas Bereuter 63%
Shelley Berkley 15%
Howard Berman 5%
Marion Berry 35%
Judy Biggert 80%
Michael Bilirakis 90%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Sherwood Boehlert 55%
Kit Bond 100%
Henry Bonilla 90%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 90%
Mary Bono Mack 90%
Leonard Boswell 30%
Rick Boucher 25%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 35%
Henry Brown, Jr. 90%
Ginny Brown-Waite 100%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
Max Burns 90%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 75%
Robert Byrd 10%
Ben Campbell 95%
Chris Cannon 95%
Eric Cantor 95%
Dennis Cardoza 35%
Brad Carson 40%
Julia Carson 0%
Edward Case 20%
Mike Castle 50%
Chris Chocola 95%
Hillary Clinton 5%
Norm Coleman 95%
Michael Collins 95%
Kent Conrad 15%
Jon Corzine 0%
Jerry Costello 20%
Christopher Cox 95%
Larry Craig 95%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 95%
Barbara Cubin 85%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Thomas Daschle 5%
Artur Davis 20%
James Davis 10%
Jo Ann Davis 95%
Lincoln Davis 45%
Thomas Davis III 75%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 95%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 5%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 80%
Norm Dicks 10%
Chris Dodd 0%
Elizabeth Dole 95%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 95%
Calvin Dooley 50%
John Doolittle 85%
Byron Dorgan 10%
David Dreier 85%
Jennifer Dunn 90%
John Edwards 0%
Chet Edwards 40%
Vern Ehlers 70%
Jo Ann Emerson 90%
Philip English 70%
John Ensign 100%
Bob Etheridge 15%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 90%
Tom Feeney 90%
Russ Feingold 5%
Michael Ferguson 80%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 95%
Mark Foley 85%
Harold Ford, Jr. 35%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 80%
Barney Frank 0%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 5%
Elton Gallegly 85%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 85%
Wayne Gilchrest 75%
Paul Gillmor 80%
Charlie Gonzalez 10%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 90%
Bart Gordon 35%
Porter Goss 85%
Daniel Graham 5%
Mark Green 90%
James Greenwood 75%
Judd Gregg 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 95%
Jane Harman 20%
Katherine Harris 90%
Melissa Hart 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 90%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Baron Hill 25%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 85%
Pete Hoekstra 90%
Thomas Holden 25%
Ernest Hollings 5%
Darlene Hooley 15%
John Nathan Hostettler 80%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 35%
Kenny Hulshof 85%
Duncan Hunter 85%
Kay Hutchison 95%
Henry Hyde 75%
Daniel Inouye 5%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Janklow 85%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 5%
William Lewis Jenkins 85%
Christopher John 40%
Nancy Johnson 45%
Tim Johnson 65%
Paul Kanjorski 10%
Ric Keller 95%
Sue Kelly 80%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Mark Kennedy 90%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 85%
Herb Kohl 10%
James Kolbe 90%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 100%
Ray LaHood 75%
Nicholas Lampson 20%
Tom Lantos 0%
Steve LaTourette 70%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
James Leach 40%
Jerry Lewis 90%
Ron Lewis 90%
Joe Lieberman 5%
Blanche Lincoln 30%
John Linder 85%
William Lipinski 20%
Trent Lott, Sr. 95%
Dick Lugar 85%
Denise Majette 10%
Don Manzullo 100%
Jim Marshall 20%
Robert Matsui 5%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 95%
James McCrery III 85%
John McHugh 50%
Scott McInnis 90%
Michael McNulty 5%
Martin Meehan 5%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 10%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 5%
Brad Miller 0%
Zell Bryan Miller 70%
Alan Mollohan 15%
Dennis Moore 20%
Jack Murtha 20%
Marilyn Musgrave 100%
Sue Myrick 85%
Ben Nelson 45%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 85%
Robert William Ney 80%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 85%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 90%
James Nussle 95%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 5%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 20%
Thomas William Osborne 85%
Doug Ose 85%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 90%
Ron Paul 65%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 90%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 85%
Todd Platts 70%
Richard Pombo 95%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
Jon Porter, Sr. 85%
Deborah Pryce 85%
Jack Quinn 70%
George Radanovich 85%
James Ramstad 80%
Ralph Regula 70%
Denny Rehberg 90%
Richard Renzi 95%
Silvestre Reyes 20%
Thomas Reynolds 95%
Ciro Rodriguez 10%
Mike Ross 30%
Steve Rothman 5%
Jim Ryun 95%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 35%
Rick Santorum 100%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 70%
Edward Schrock 85%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 85%
Christopher Shays 75%
Donald Sherwood 90%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 70%
Ike Skelton 35%
Gordon Smith 85%
Nick Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 10%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 90%
Arlen Specter 85%
John Spratt, Jr. 10%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 90%
Charles Stenholm 45%
Ted Stevens 90%
Ted Strickland 10%
Bart Stupak 5%
John Sullivan 80%
John Sununu 100%
John Sweeney 75%
James Talent 100%
Tom Tancredo 95%
John Tanner 45%
Ellen Tauscher 10%
William Tauzin 95%
Charles Taylor 90%
Gene Taylor 45%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 75%
Todd Tiahrt 90%
Ed Towns 5%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 30%
George Voinovich 75%
James Walsh 85%
Zach Wamp 90%
John Warner 90%
Diane Watson 5%
Mel Watt 0%
Anthony Weiner 5%
David Weldon 95%
W. Curtis Weldon 65%
Gerald Weller 90%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 80%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 15%
Albert Wynn 20%
Bill Young 80%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.