Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2002 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 65%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 90%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 100%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 60%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 95%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 10%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 20%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 95%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 5%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 10%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 95%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 100%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 10%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 5%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 10%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 15%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 95%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 90%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 35%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 15%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 85%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 10%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 90%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 100%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 5%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 90%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 5%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 95%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 95%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 95%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 90%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 80%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 40%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 65%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 5%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 5%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 95%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 95%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 10%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 35%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 5%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 10%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 70%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 95%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 10%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 95%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 10%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 95%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 95%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 5%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 90%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 10%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 5%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 85%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 15%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 5%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 95%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 30%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 35%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 5%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 10%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 90%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 25%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 10%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 5%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 5%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 35%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 85%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 95%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 10%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 95%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 90%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 90%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 20%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 5%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 95%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 35%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 5%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 15%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 85%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 10%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 20%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 30%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 10%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 5%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 10%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 80%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 10%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 95%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 5%
Todd Akin 100%
Wayne Allard 100%
George Allen 90%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 20%
Joe Baca, Sr. 10%
Brian Baird 5%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
Cass Ballenger 95%
Roscoe Bartlett 95%
Charlie Bass 85%
Max Baucus 25%
Evan Bayh 25%
Bob Bennett 90%
Douglas Bereuter 55%
Shelley Berkley 25%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 25%
Judy Biggert 95%
Michael Bilirakis 95%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Sherwood Boehlert 65%
Kit Bond 80%
Henry Bonilla 100%
Mary Bono Mack 90%
Leonard Boswell 35%
Rick Boucher 25%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 25%
John Breaux 35%
Henry Brown, Jr. 100%
Jim Bunning 95%
Conrad Burns 85%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 80%
Robert Byrd 10%
Ben Campbell 90%
Chris Cannon 90%
Eric Cantor 100%
Brad Carson 30%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 75%
Hillary Clinton 5%
Michael Collins 95%
Kent Conrad 20%
Jon Corzine 5%
Jerry Costello 25%
Christopher Cox 100%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 55%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Thomas Daschle 15%
James Davis 10%
Jo Ann Davis 95%
Thomas Davis III 95%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 95%
Norm Dicks 10%
Chris Dodd 5%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 75%
Calvin Dooley 25%
John Doolittle 95%
Byron Dorgan 10%
David Dreier 90%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
John Edwards 5%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 80%
Jo Ann Emerson 95%
Philip English 90%
John Ensign 95%
Bob Etheridge 25%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 95%
Russ Feingold 10%
Michael Ferguson 90%
Bob Filner 0%
Peter Fitzgerald 75%
Ernest Fletcher 100%
Mark Foley 95%
Harold Ford, Jr. 20%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 90%
Barney Frank 0%
William Frist 90%
Jonas Frost III 0%
Elton Gallegly 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 90%
Paul Gillmor 85%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 95%
Bart Gordon 40%
Porter Goss 100%
Daniel Graham 5%
Mark Green 95%
James Greenwood 85%
Judd Gregg 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 95%
Jane Harman 35%
Melissa Hart 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 95%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 95%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Baron Hill 15%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 95%
Thomas Holden 20%
Ernest Hollings 0%
Darlene Hooley 20%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Kenny Hulshof 100%
Duncan Hunter 90%
Kay Hutchison 90%
Henry Hyde 90%
Daniel Inouye 10%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 95%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 5%
William Lewis Jenkins 95%
Christopher John 30%
Nancy Johnson 55%
Tim Johnson 90%
Paul Kanjorski 10%
Ric Keller 95%
Sue Kelly 95%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 5%
Mark Kennedy 95%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 5%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 10%
James Kolbe 90%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 95%
Ray LaHood 90%
Nicholas Lampson 15%
Tom Lantos 0%
James Leach 55%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 5%
Blanche Lincoln 25%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 15%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
Dick Lugar 70%
Don Manzullo 90%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 0%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 75%
Scott McInnis 90%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Zell Bryan Miller 40%
Alan Mollohan 10%
Dennis Moore 15%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 100%
Ben Nelson 40%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 95%
Robert William Ney 100%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 90%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 85%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 5%
Thomas William Osborne 95%
Doug Ose 90%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 95%
Ron Paul 85%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 85%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Todd Platts 75%
Richard Pombo 95%
Earl Pomeroy 20%
Deborah Pryce 95%
Jack Quinn 65%
George Radanovich 95%
James Ramstad 90%
Ralph Regula 85%
Denny Rehberg 100%
Silvestre Reyes 5%
Thomas Reynolds 95%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Mike Ross 35%
Steve Rothman 5%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 40%
Rick Santorum 100%
Paul Sarbanes 5%
Jim Saxton 95%
Edward Schrock 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 90%
Christopher Shays 75%
Donald Sherwood 100%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 80%
Ike Skelton 30%
Gordon Smith 75%
Nick Smith 90%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Vic Snyder 10%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 65%
John Spratt, Jr. 5%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 95%
Charles Stenholm 25%
Ted Stevens 85%
Ted Strickland 5%
Bart Stupak 5%
John Sullivan 100%
John Sununu 95%
John Sweeney 95%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 25%
Ellen Tauscher 10%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 95%
Gene Taylor 40%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 80%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Ed Towns 5%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
James Turner 10%
George Voinovich 75%
James Walsh 75%
Zach Wamp 95%
John Warner 80%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 0%
Anthony Weiner 0%
David Weldon 95%
W. Curtis Weldon 70%
Gerald Weller 100%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 100%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 10%
Albert Wynn 5%
Bill Young 95%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.