Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2001 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie 15%
Gary Ackerman 5%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Todd Akin 95%
Wayne Allard 95%
George Allen 100%
Thomas Allen 10%
Rob Andrews 30%
Richard Armey 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 10%
Spencer Bachus 100%
Brian Baird 20%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 30%
Bob Barr, Jr. 90%
Roscoe Bartlett 90%
Charlie Bass 90%
Max Baucus 15%
Evan Bayh 10%
Bob Bennett 95%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 15%
Douglas Bereuter 70%
Shelley Berkley 20%
Howard Berman 5%
Marion Berry 40%
Judy Biggert 95%
Michael Bilirakis 85%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Rod Blagojevich 10%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 90%
Henry Bonilla 100%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 30%
Rick Boucher 20%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 30%
John Breaux 20%
Henry Brown, Jr. 100%
Ed Bryant 100%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 85%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 85%
Robert Byrd 10%
Herbert Callahan 100%
Dave Camp 100%
Ben Campbell 85%
Chris Cannon 100%
Eric Cantor 100%
Jean Carnahan 5%
Brad Carson 35%
Julia Carson 10%
Mike Castle 75%
Lincoln Chafee 30%
Saxby Chambliss 100%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 15%
Robert Clement 35%
Hillary Clinton 5%
Howard Coble 90%
Michael Collins 95%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 40%
Kent Conrad 5%
John Cooksey 95%
Jon Corzine 10%
Jerry Costello 15%
Christopher Cox 95%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 95%
Robert Cramer 80%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 95%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Thomas Daschle 10%
James Davis 15%
Jo Ann Davis 95%
Thomas Davis III 95%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 95%
Norm Dicks 10%
John Dingell 5%
Chris Dodd 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 65%
Calvin Dooley 35%
John Doolittle 95%
Byron Dorgan 5%
David Dreier 90%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
John Edwards 15%
Chet Edwards 20%
Vern Ehlers 80%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 90%
Jo Ann Emerson 95%
Philip English 90%
John Ensign 100%
Bob Etheridge 35%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 95%
Russ Feingold 20%
Michael Ferguson 80%
Bob Filner 5%
Peter Fitzgerald 85%
Ernest Fletcher 100%
Mark Foley 95%
Harold Ford, Jr. 20%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 0%
William Frist 95%
Jonas Frost III 10%
Elton Gallegly 100%
John Ganske 85%
George Gekas 95%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 5%
Jim Gibbons 95%
Wayne Gilchrest 85%
Paul Gillmor 80%
Benjamin Gilman 65%
Charlie Gonzalez 10%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 90%
Bart Gordon 45%
Porter Goss 100%
Daniel Graham 5%
William Phillip Gramm 85%
Mark Green 100%
James Greenwood 90%
Judd Gregg 100%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Charles Hagel 95%
Ralph Hall 90%
Tony Hall 10%
James Hansen 95%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 35%
Melissa Hart 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Doc Hastings 100%
Robert Hayes 95%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 95%
Joel Hefley 85%
Jesse Helms 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Baron Hill 30%
Van Hilleary 95%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 5%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 90%
Joseph Hoeffel 0%
Pete Hoekstra 95%
Thomas Holden 15%
Ernest Hollings 0%
Rush Holt, Jr. 15%
Darlene Hooley 15%
Stephen Horn 75%
John Nathan Hostettler 70%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 60%
Kenny Hulshof 95%
Duncan Hunter 95%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 80%
Kay Hutchison 95%
Henry Hyde 85%
Daniel Inouye 5%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 25%
William Lewis Jenkins 95%
Christopher John 65%
Nancy Johnson 65%
Tim Johnson 85%
Timothy Johnson 20%
Paul Kanjorski 10%
Ric Keller 100%
Sue Kelly 85%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 10%
Mark Kennedy 95%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Brian Kerns 100%
Dale Kildee 5%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 5%
Jack Kingston 95%
Gerald Kleczka 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 95%
John LaFalce 10%
Ray LaHood 85%
Nicholas Lampson 10%
Mary Landrieu 15%
Tom Lantos 0%
Tom Latham 95%
Steve LaTourette 75%
James Leach 75%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 25%
Blanche Lincoln 15%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 30%
Trent Lott, Sr. 95%
Ken Lucas 85%
Dick Lugar 90%
William Luther 10%
James Maloney 45%
Don Manzullo 95%
Frank Mascara 25%
Jim Matheson 25%
Robert Matsui 5%
Carolyn McCarthy 30%
Karen McCarthy 10%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 65%
CO Commissioner-2 Scott McInnis 95%
Mike McIntyre 40%
Buck McKeon 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 5%
Michael McNulty 5%
Martin Meehan 5%
Carrie Meek 10%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 95%
Gary Miller 100%
George Miller 0%
Zell Bryan Miller 30%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
Alan Mollohan 20%
Dennis Moore 30%
Jim Moran, Jr. 20%
Constance Morella 45%
Frank Murkowski 80%
Jack Murtha 20%
Sue Myrick 100%
Ben Nelson 35%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 90%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 85%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 5%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 25%
Thomas William Osborne 95%
Doug Ose 95%
Major Owens 5%
Michael Oxley 90%
Ed Pastor 5%
Ron Paul 70%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 100%
Tom Petri 95%
David Phelps 25%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 95%
Todd Platts 80%
Richard Pombo 85%
Earl Pomeroy 10%
Deborah Pryce 95%
Jack Quinn 85%
George Radanovich 95%
Nick Rahall II 10%
James Ramstad 85%
Ralph Regula 75%
Denny Rehberg 95%
Silvestre Reyes 10%
Thomas Reynolds 90%
Bob Riley 95%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 5%
Jay Rockefeller IV 5%
Ciro Rodriguez 20%
Timothy Roemer 30%
Mike Rogers 95%
Mike Ross 20%
Steve Rothman 0%
Marge Roukema 80%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 30%
Rick Santorum 90%
Paul Sarbanes 5%
Jim Saxton 75%
Robert Schaffer 95%
Edward Schrock 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 90%
Christopher Shays 75%
Donald Sherwood 100%
Ronnie Shows 60%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 85%
Joseph Skeen 90%
Ike Skelton 60%
Gordon Smith 75%
Nick Smith 100%
Bob Smith 95%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 10%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 95%
Arlen Specter 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 10%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 95%
Charles Stenholm 35%
Ted Stevens 80%
Ted Strickland 5%
Bob Stump 90%
Bart Stupak 10%
John Sununu 100%
John Sweeney 85%
Tom Tancredo 95%
John Tanner 40%
Ellen Tauscher 15%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 90%
Gene Taylor 45%
Lee Terry 100%
Craig Thomas 90%
William Thomas 80%
Fred Thompson 90%
Karen Thurman 5%
Strom Thurmond 90%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
John Tierney 0%
Robert Torricelli 30%
Ed Towns 10%
James Traficant, Jr. 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 5%
James Turner 25%
Mark Udall 5%
George Voinovich 80%
James Walsh 90%
Zach Wamp 90%
John Warner 85%
Wesley Watkins 100%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 5%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
Henry Waxman 5%
Anthony Weiner 5%
David Weldon 95%
W. Curtis Weldon 70%
Gerald Weller 100%
Paul Wellstone 5%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 95%
Frank Wolf 85%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 5%
Albert Wynn 10%
Bill Young 90%
ME Councilor-At-Large Joseph Baldacci D 0%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 5%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 5%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 10%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 5%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 15%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 15%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 10%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 15%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 10%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 10%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 5%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 20%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 5%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 5%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 5%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 15%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 5%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 10%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 20%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 5%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 20%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 10%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 5%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 5%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 20%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 10%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 15%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 5%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 10%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 5%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 20%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 10%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 15%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 10%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 5%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 5%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 5%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 5%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 10%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 10%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 5%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 5%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 15%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 10%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 5%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 5%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 5%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 5%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 15%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 20%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 15%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 10%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 10%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 5%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 35%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 15%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 10%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 5%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett N/A 10%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 90%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 95%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 95%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 85%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 55%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 90%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 75%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 85%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 85%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 95%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 90%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 90%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 95%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 100%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 90%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 95%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 90%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 85%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 85%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 70%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 95%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 55%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 95%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 95%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 100%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 95%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 95%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 80%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 95%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 90%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 95%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 95%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 95%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 95%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 92%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 95%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 95%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 95%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 95%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 100%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.