Rating Group: English First

2006 Positions

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 25%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 75%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 75%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 0%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 0%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 50%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 50%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 100%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 25%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 25%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 0%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 75%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 75%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 50%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 100%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 25%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 75%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 75%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 100%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 25%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 50%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 0%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NA President Barack Obama II D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 75%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 100%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 100%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 0%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 100%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 0%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 0%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 100%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 100%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 75%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 50%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 25%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 75%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 75%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 100%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 75%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 100%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 0%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 50%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 100%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 100%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 75%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 50%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 0%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 0%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 50%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 50%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
Neil Abercrombie 0%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 100%
Rodney Alexander 100%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 0%
Joe Baca, Sr. 0%
Spencer Bachus 100%
Brian Baird 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
J. Gresham Barrett 100%
John Barrow 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Max Baucus 25%
Evan Bayh 0%
Melissa Bean 0%
Bob Bennett 75%
Shelley Berkley 0%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 0%
Judy Biggert 0%
Brian Bilbray 100%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Tim Bishop 0%
Kit Bond 75%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 100%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Dan Boren 0%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Rick Boucher 0%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 0%
Henry Brown, Jr. 100%
Ginny Brown-Waite 100%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 100%
Robert Byrd 25%
Dave Camp 100%
John Campbell III 100%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 100%
Dennis Cardoza 0%
Russ Carnahan 0%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 0%
Saxby Chambliss 75%
Ben Chandler III 0%
Hillary Clinton 0%
Howard Coble 100%
Thomas Coburn 75%
Norm Coleman 25%
Kent Conrad 25%
Jerry Costello 0%
Larry Craig 75%
Robert Cramer 0%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Artur Davis 0%
Geoff Davis 100%
Jo Ann Davis 100%
Lincoln Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 0%
Bill Delahunt 0%
James DeMint 75%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 0%
John Dingell 0%
Chris Dodd 0%
Elizabeth Dole 75%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 25%
Thelma Drake 100%
David Dreier 100%
Chet Edwards 0%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 75%
Bob Etheridge 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Tom Feeney 100%
Russ Feingold 0%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Elton Gallegly 100%
Jim Gerlach 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Phil Gingrey 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 100%
Bart Gordon 0%
Judd Gregg 75%
Charles Hagel 25%
Ralph Hall 100%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 50%
Robert Hayes 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 100%
Rush Holt, Jr. 0%
Darlene Hooley 0%
Kenny Hulshof 100%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Kay Hutchison 75%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 100%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 0%
Tim Johnson 100%
Timothy Johnson 25%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
Ric Keller 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Jack Kingston 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 50%
Herb Kohl 0%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
John Kuhl, Jr. 50%
Jon Kyl 75%
Ray LaHood 50%
Mary Landrieu 25%
Tom Lantos 0%
Tom Latham 100%
Steve LaTourette 50%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Blanche Lincoln 25%
John Linder 100%
Trent Lott, Sr. 75%
Dick Lugar 75%
Dan Lungren 50%
Connie Mack IV 100%
Don Manzullo 100%
Jim Marshall 0%
Melquiades Martinez 0%
Jim Matheson 0%
Carolyn McCarthy 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 100%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 100%
Mike McIntyre 0%
Buck McKeon 100%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 0%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 0%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 0%
Mike Michaud 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Gary Miller 100%
George Miller 0%
Brad Miller 0%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Dennis Moore 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 0%
Jack Murtha 0%
Marilyn Musgrave 100%
Sue Myrick 100%
Ben Nelson 25%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Ed Pastor 0%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 100%
Tom Petri 50%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Todd Platts 100%
Earl Pomeroy 0%
Jon Porter, Sr. 100%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Mark Pryor 25%
George Radanovich 100%
Nick Rahall II 0%
James Ramstad 0%
Ralph Regula 50%
Denny Rehberg 100%
Richard Renzi 0%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Thomas Reynolds 100%
Jay Rockefeller IV 0%
Mike Rogers 100%
Mike Ross 0%
Steve Rothman 0%
John Salazar 0%
Ken Salazar 0%
Jim Saxton 0%
Jean Schmidt 100%
Allyson Schwartz 0%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 0%
Ike Skelton 0%
Gordon Smith 75%
Olympia Snowe 25%
Vic Snyder 0%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 25%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Ted Stevens 75%
Bart Stupak 0%
John Sullivan 100%
John Sununu 75%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 0%
Ellen Tauscher 0%
Gene Taylor 100%
Lee Terry 100%
Craig Thomas 75%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
John Tierney 0%
Ed Towns 0%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 0%
Mark Udall 0%
George Voinovich 25%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 100%
John Warner 25%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 0%
Henry Waxman 0%
Anthony Weiner 0%
David Weldon 100%
Gerald Weller 50%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 0%
Frank Wolf 50%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 0%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.