Rating Group: United States Border Control

1997-1998 Positions

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 29%
Gary Ackerman 17%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 43%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 80%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
Cass Ballenger 83%
James Barcia 43%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
Bill Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 86%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 14%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 29%
Brian Bilbray 71%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 43%
Rod Blagojevich 14%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 57%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
Henry Bonilla 17%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 14%
Leonard Boswell 43%
Rick Boucher 43%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 57%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 14%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
Ed Bryant 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 86%
Dan Burton 86%
Steve Buyer 40%
Herbert Callahan 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 86%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 86%
Thomas Campbell 100%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 100%
Chris Cannon 71%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 14%
Julia Carson 14%
Mike Castle 86%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 71%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 71%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 20%
Robert Clement 50%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 14%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 43%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
Merrill Cook 86%
John Cooksey 75%
Jerry Costello 43%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 14%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 83%
Barbara Cubin 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 29%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 14%
James Davis 14%
Thomas Davis III 71%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
Bill Delahunt 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
Thomas DeLay 86%
Peter Deutsch 33%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 57%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 17%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
Julian Dixon 14%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 14%
Calvin Dooley 14%
John Doolittle 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 43%
David Dreier 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 14%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 71%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 29%
Philip English 71%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 50%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 14%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 17%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 83%
Michael Patrick Forbes 57%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 86%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 86%
Jonas Frost III 43%
Elton Gallegly 86%
John Ganske 100%
Sam Gejdenson 14%
George Gekas 71%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 33%
Jim Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 71%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Benjamin Gilman 71%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 86%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
William Goodling 100%
Bart Gordon 57%
Porter Goss 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 71%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 0%
James Greenwood 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 14%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 86%
Tony Hall 43%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 71%
Joel Hefley 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 100%
Van Hilleary 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 14%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 86%
Thomas Holden 43%
Darlene Hooley 14%
Stephen Horn 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
Kenny Hulshof 100%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 83%
Henry Hyde 86%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 14%
William Jefferson 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 86%
Christopher John 43%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 14%
Nancy Johnson 71%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
Paul Kanjorski 14%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 67%
OH Governor John Kasich R 100%
Sue Kelly 83%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 29%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 57%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 71%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
Gerald Kleczka 43%
Ronald Klink 43%
Joseph Knollenberg 86%
James Kolbe 29%
Dennis Kucinich 29%
John LaFalce 43%
Ray LaHood 86%
Nicholas Lampson 14%
Tom Lantos 50%
Stephen Largent 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 86%
Steve LaTourette 86%
Rick Lazio 71%
James Leach 71%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 43%
Jerry Lewis 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
Ron Lewis 100%
John Linder 71%
William Lipinski 67%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 14%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 43%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
William Luther 50%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 43%
James Maloney 43%
Don Manzullo 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
Matthew Martinez 0%
Frank Mascara 43%
Robert Matsui 14%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 43%
Karen McCarthy 43%
Bill McCollum 86%
James McCrery III 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
John McHugh 86%
Scott McInnis 86%
David McIntosh 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 67%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 86%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 14%
Michael McNulty 33%
Martin Meehan 29%
Carrie Meek 17%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 29%
Jack Metcalf 86%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 71%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 14%
Dan Miller 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 17%
David Minge 29%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 17%
John Moakley 29%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Dennis Moore 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 29%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 100%
Constance Morella 43%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 86%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 86%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 43%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Major Owens 29%
Michael Oxley 83%
Ronald Packard 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 43%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 43%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
Ron Paul 14%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 43%
John Peterson 86%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 71%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
Richard Pombo 67%
Earl Pomeroy 33%
John Edward Porter 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 86%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 50%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Jack Quinn 67%
George Radanovich 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 33%
James Ramstad 86%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 29%
Ralph Regula 86%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 57%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 57%
James Rogan 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 86%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 57%
Steve Rothman 14%
Marge Roukema 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 14%
Jim Ryun 86%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 43%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 43%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 71%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
Jim Saxton 71%
Joe Scarborough 100%
Robert Schaffer 86%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
John Shadegg 83%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 71%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 57%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 100%
Ronnie Shows 83%
E.G. Shuster 100%
Norman Sisisky 57%
Joseph Skeen 86%
Ike Skelton 57%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 14%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 14%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 71%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
Nick Smith 100%
Vic Snyder 14%
Mark Souder 86%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 14%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 43%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 86%
Charles Stenholm 43%
Ted Strickland 57%
Bob Stump 71%
Bart Stupak 14%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 86%
John Tanner 57%
Ellen Tauscher 43%
William Tauzin 83%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 71%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 100%
William Thomas 86%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 86%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 100%
Karen Thurman 43%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
Ed Towns 33%
James Traficant, Jr. 86%
James Turner 57%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 71%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 14%
Bruce Vento 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 14%
James Walsh 57%
Zach Wamp 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
Wesley Watkins 100%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 86%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 14%
David Weldon 100%
W. Curtis Weldon 100%
Gerald Weller 86%
Robert Wexler 17%
Bob Weygand 14%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 71%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 17%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 100%
Lynn Woolsey 14%
Albert Wynn 14%
Bill Young 100%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 67%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.