Rating Group: United States Border Control

1997-1998 Positions

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 67%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 86%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 17%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 50%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 14%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 14%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 86%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 57%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 14%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 86%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 43%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 14%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 71%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 57%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 43%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 29%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 86%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 14%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 14%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 14%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 14%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 71%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 86%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 14%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 29%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 43%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 86%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 71%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 43%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 43%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 86%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 50%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 67%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 29%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 100%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 71%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 43%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 43%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 86%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 71%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 43%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 14%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 43%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 29%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 29%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 43%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 14%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 86%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 71%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 67%
OH Governor John Kasich R 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 17%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 43%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 71%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 14%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 80%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 86%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 86%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 71%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 86%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 14%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 14%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 14%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 14%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 29%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 14%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 57%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 33%
Gary Ackerman 17%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 43%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 80%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 83%
James Barcia 43%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 14%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 29%
Brian Bilbray 71%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Rod Blagojevich 14%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 57%
Henry Bonilla 17%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 14%
Leonard Boswell 43%
Rick Boucher 43%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 57%
Ed Bryant 100%
Dan Burton 86%
Steve Buyer 40%
Herbert Callahan 100%
Thomas Campbell 100%
Chris Cannon 71%
Julia Carson 14%
Mike Castle 86%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 71%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 20%
Robert Clement 50%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 43%
Merrill Cook 86%
John Cooksey 75%
Jerry Costello 43%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 14%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 83%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
James Davis 14%
Thomas Davis III 71%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 86%
Peter Deutsch 33%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 57%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 17%
Julian Dixon 14%
Calvin Dooley 14%
John Doolittle 100%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 14%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 71%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
Philip English 71%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 100%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 83%
Michael Patrick Forbes 57%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 86%
Jonas Frost III 43%
Elton Gallegly 86%
John Ganske 100%
Sam Gejdenson 14%
George Gekas 71%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 33%
Jim Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 71%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Benjamin Gilman 71%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 86%
William Goodling 100%
Bart Gordon 57%
Porter Goss 100%
James Greenwood 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Tony Hall 43%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 71%
Joel Hefley 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 100%
Van Hilleary 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 86%
Thomas Holden 43%
Darlene Hooley 14%
Stephen Horn 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 50%
Kenny Hulshof 100%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 83%
Henry Hyde 86%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 86%
Christopher John 43%
Nancy Johnson 71%
Paul Kanjorski 14%
Sue Kelly 83%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 29%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 43%
Ronald Klink 43%
Joseph Knollenberg 86%
James Kolbe 29%
Dennis Kucinich 29%
John LaFalce 43%
Ray LaHood 86%
Nicholas Lampson 14%
Tom Lantos 50%
Stephen Largent 100%
Steve LaTourette 86%
Rick Lazio 71%
James Leach 71%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
John Linder 71%
William Lipinski 67%
William Luther 50%
James Maloney 43%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 0%
Frank Mascara 43%
Robert Matsui 14%
Karen McCarthy 43%
Bill McCollum 86%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 86%
Scott McInnis 86%
David McIntosh 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 14%
Michael McNulty 33%
Martin Meehan 29%
Carrie Meek 17%
Jack Metcalf 86%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 14%
Dan Miller 100%
David Minge 29%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 17%
John Moakley 29%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Dennis Moore 100%
Constance Morella 43%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 86%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 86%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 43%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Major Owens 29%
Michael Oxley 83%
Ronald Packard 100%
Ron Paul 14%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 100%
John Peterson 86%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 71%
Richard Pombo 67%
Earl Pomeroy 33%
John Edward Porter 100%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Jack Quinn 67%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 86%
Ralph Regula 86%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 57%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 57%
James Rogan 100%
Steve Rothman 14%
Marge Roukema 100%
Jim Ryun 86%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 43%
Jim Saxton 71%
Joe Scarborough 100%
Robert Schaffer 86%
John Shadegg 83%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 71%
Ronnie Shows 83%
E.G. Shuster 100%
Norman Sisisky 57%
Joseph Skeen 86%
Ike Skelton 57%
Nick Smith 100%
Vic Snyder 14%
Mark Souder 86%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 14%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 86%
Charles Stenholm 43%
Ted Strickland 57%
Bob Stump 71%
Bart Stupak 14%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 86%
John Tanner 57%
Ellen Tauscher 43%
William Tauzin 83%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 71%
William Thomas 86%
Karen Thurman 43%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Ed Towns 33%
James Traficant, Jr. 86%
James Turner 57%
Bruce Vento 0%
James Walsh 57%
Zach Wamp 100%
Wesley Watkins 100%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 86%
David Weldon 100%
W. Curtis Weldon 100%
Gerald Weller 86%
Robert Wexler 17%
Bob Weygand 14%
Bob Wise, Jr. 17%
Lynn Woolsey 14%
Albert Wynn 14%
Bill Young 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.