Rating Group: The Cato Institute

2003-2004 Trade Barrier Votes Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 50%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 45%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 30%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 50%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 55%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 27%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 64%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 80%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 82%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 80%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 100%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 45%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 56%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 60%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 40%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 91%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 91%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 40%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 91%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 45%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 64%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 91%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 55%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 70%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 82%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 64%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 91%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 55%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 64%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 64%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 60%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 91%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 45%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 64%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 73%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 64%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 45%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 73%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 36%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 82%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 91%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 89%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 40%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 60%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 70%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 64%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 64%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 27%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 73%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 27%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 60%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 60%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 73%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 60%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 64%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 64%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 64%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 64%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 64%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 45%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 45%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 60%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 30%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 91%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 64%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 70%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 55%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 70%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 67%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 55%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 27%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 45%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 45%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 45%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 91%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 82%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 55%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 64%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 73%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 90%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 70%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 90%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 73%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 60%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 64%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 45%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 91%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 64%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 45%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 55%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 40%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 91%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 64%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 91%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 56%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 91%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 70%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 55%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 60%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 60%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 91%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 91%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 64%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 64%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 73%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 50%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 64%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 55%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 55%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 70%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 70%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 78%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 64%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 45%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 40%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 80%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 60%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 9%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 91%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 36%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 45%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 80%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 64%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 45%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 64%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 27%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 18%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 64%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 64%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 55%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 55%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 10%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 50%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 64%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 64%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 91%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 70%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 91%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 33%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 45%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 82%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 88%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 91%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 44%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 45%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 90%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 36%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 36%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 64%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 73%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 36%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 64%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 82%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 36%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 55%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 64%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 40%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 73%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 91%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 36%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 45%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 45%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 64%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 64%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 55%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 80%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 64%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 40%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 60%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 30%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 36%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 36%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 33%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 70%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 36%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 91%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 64%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 80%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 64%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 82%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 64%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 64%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 91%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 73%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 82%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 91%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 55%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 67%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 73%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 60%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 27%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 73%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 64%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 70%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 64%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 80%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 44%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 91%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 64%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 64%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 73%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 91%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 64%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 33%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 27%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 70%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 70%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 91%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 73%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 60%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 90%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 91%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 45%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 82%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 55%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 73%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 40%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 64%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 64%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 89%
Gary Ackerman 55%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 20%
Todd Akin 45%
Rodney Alexander 45%
Wayne Allard 90%
Thomas Allen 64%
Rob Andrews 18%
Joe Baca, Sr. 45%
Brian Baird 73%
J. Gresham Barrett 36%
Roscoe Bartlett 64%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 70%
Bob Bennett 90%
Shelley Berkley 63%
Howard Berman 82%
Marion Berry 45%
Judy Biggert 91%
Jeff Bingaman 60%
Kit Bond 78%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 64%
Mary Bono Mack 91%
Leonard Boswell 91%
Rick Boucher 55%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 82%
Henry Brown, Jr. 73%
Ginny Brown-Waite 70%
Jim Bunning 70%
Dan Burton 45%
Steve Buyer 64%
Robert Byrd 10%
Chris Cannon 67%
Eric Cantor 73%
Dennis Cardoza 55%
Mike Castle 91%
Hillary Clinton 56%
Norm Coleman 60%
Kent Conrad 50%
Jerry Costello 45%
Larry Craig 70%
Robert Cramer 82%
Barbara Cubin 78%
Artur Davis 91%
Lincoln Davis 82%
Thomas Davis III 67%
Bill Delahunt 45%
James DeMint 73%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 70%
Norm Dicks 82%
Chris Dodd 40%
Elizabeth Dole 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
John Doolittle 86%
Byron Dorgan 20%
David Dreier 73%
Chet Edwards 73%
Vern Ehlers 91%
Jo Ann Emerson 63%
Philip English 64%
John Ensign 60%
Bob Etheridge 91%
Terry Everett 64%
Tom Feeney 64%
Russ Feingold 10%
Michael Ferguson 64%
Bob Filner 36%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 89%
Barney Frank 50%
Elton Gallegly 82%
Wayne Gilchrest 73%
Charlie Gonzalez 91%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 9%
Bart Gordon 70%
Judd Gregg 70%
Jane Harman 90%
Wally Herger, Jr. 80%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 67%
Baron Hill 91%
Maurice Hinchey 36%
David Lee Hobson 64%
Pete Hoekstra 56%
Thomas Holden 55%
Darlene Hooley 82%
Kenny Hulshof 73%
Duncan Hunter 36%
Kay Hutchison 78%
Daniel Inouye 30%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 45%
William Jefferson 90%
Tim Johnson 82%
Paul Kanjorski 45%
Ric Keller 78%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 40%
Patrick Kennedy 45%
Dale Kildee 36%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 60%
Joseph Knollenberg 89%
Herb Kohl 20%
Dennis Kucinich 38%
Jon Kyl 80%
Ray LaHood 91%
Nicholas Lampson 73%
Steve LaTourette 73%
Frank Lautenberg 40%
Jerry Lewis 64%
Ron Lewis 64%
Joe Lieberman 67%
Blanche Lincoln 70%
John Linder 73%
Dick Lugar 78%
Don Manzullo 90%
Jim Marshall 45%
Thaddeus McCotter 64%
James McCrery III 73%
John McHugh 45%
Michael McNulty 45%
Alan Mollohan 45%
Dennis Moore 91%
Jack Murtha 40%
Marilyn Musgrave 60%
Sue Myrick 67%
Ben Nelson 60%
Jim Oberstar 36%
Dave Obey 36%
John Olver 55%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 70%
Ron Paul 60%
Donald Payne 36%
John Peterson 82%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 73%
Todd Platts 64%
Earl Pomeroy 73%
Jon Porter, Sr. 64%
George Radanovich 73%
James Ramstad 91%
Ralph Regula 64%
Denny Rehberg 73%
Richard Renzi 64%
Silvestre Reyes 73%
Thomas Reynolds 73%
Ciro Rodriguez 64%
Mike Ross 64%
Steve Rothman 20%
Jim Saxton 64%
John Shadegg 64%
Christopher Shays 91%
Ike Skelton 64%
Gordon Smith 60%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 90%
Hilda Solis 45%
Mark Souder 64%
Arlen Specter 60%
John Spratt, Jr. 45%
Pete Stark 30%
Cliff Stearns 60%
Ted Stevens 70%
Bart Stupak 50%
John Sullivan 67%
John Sununu 100%
Tom Tancredo 45%
John Tanner 82%
Ellen Tauscher 91%
Gene Taylor 36%
Todd Tiahrt 64%
Ed Towns 67%
George Voinovich 60%
James Walsh 73%
Zach Wamp 55%
John Warner 80%
Diane Watson 82%
Mel Watt 73%
Anthony Weiner 91%
David Weldon 64%
Gerald Weller 73%
Robert Wexler 45%
Lynn Woolsey 30%
David Wu 45%
Bill Young 64%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.