Rating Group: The Cato Institute

2001-2002 Trade Barrier Votes Score

Issues: Conservative , Trade
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 33%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 45%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 64%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 43%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 55%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 90%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 45%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 36%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 30%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 36%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 45%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 55%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 50%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 55%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 45%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 73%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 36%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 27%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 64%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 45%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 50%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 45%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 36%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 36%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 55%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 45%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 20%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 27%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 43%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 13%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 45%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 36%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 40%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 50%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 50%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 55%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 20%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 55%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 20%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 30%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 38%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 50%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 55%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 45%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 30%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 55%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 73%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 36%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 36%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 91%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 25%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 73%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 88%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 91%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 36%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 20%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 27%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 36%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 40%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 73%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 13%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 55%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 30%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 73%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 82%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 73%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 45%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 64%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 63%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 73%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 55%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 55%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 36%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 36%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 50%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 36%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 36%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 45%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 13%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 36%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 63%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 64%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 73%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 55%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 55%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 36%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 44%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 13%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 13%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 36%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 44%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 25%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 45%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 91%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 70%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 88%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 55%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 38%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 38%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 9%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 55%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 18%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 27%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 55%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 82%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 9%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 18%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 18%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 18%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 64%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 45%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 18%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 36%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 13%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 45%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 55%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 45%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 50%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 45%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 36%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 45%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 55%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 55%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 60%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 20%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 45%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 36%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 13%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 45%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 73%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 36%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 82%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 27%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 64%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 64%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 64%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 50%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 38%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 36%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 36%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 64%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 45%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 64%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 73%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 45%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 36%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 13%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 88%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 40%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 45%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 18%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 13%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 73%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 9%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 64%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 64%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 55%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 82%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 73%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 82%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 90%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 27%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 64%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 9%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 50%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 64%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 55%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 73%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 88%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 36%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 64%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 64%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 73%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 73%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 36%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 13%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 27%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 64%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 64%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 55%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 73%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 50%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 50%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 64%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 82%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 64%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 45%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 73%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 36%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 27%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 36%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 13%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 86%
Gary Ackerman 36%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 14%
Todd Akin 64%
Wayne Allard 100%
George Allen 88%
Thomas Allen 55%
Rob Andrews 18%
Joe Baca, Sr. 36%
Brian Baird 45%
Richard Hugh Baker 73%
Cass Ballenger 55%
J. Gresham Barrett 45%
Roscoe Bartlett 36%
Charlie Bass 82%
Max Baucus 88%
Evan Bayh 38%
Bob Bennett 100%
Douglas Bereuter 82%
Shelley Berkley 27%
Howard Berman 55%
Marion Berry 36%
Judy Biggert 91%
Brian Bilbray 36%
Michael Bilirakis 36%
Jeff Bingaman 50%
Kit Bond 100%
Henry Bonilla 64%
Mary Bono Mack 70%
Leonard Boswell 55%
Rick Boucher 45%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 45%
John Breaux 88%
Henry Brown, Jr. 64%
Jim Bunning 75%
Conrad Burns 71%
Dan Burton 50%
Steve Buyer 50%
Robert Byrd 0%
Ben Campbell 38%
Chris Cannon 73%
Brad Carson 73%
Mike Castle 64%
Hillary Clinton 13%
Michael Collins 45%
Larry Combest 70%
Kent Conrad 13%
Jon Corzine 13%
Jerry Costello 36%
Christopher Cox 55%
Larry Craig 88%
Robert Cramer 55%
Philip Crane 73%
Barbara Cubin 56%
Randall Cunningham 45%
Thomas Daschle 38%
James Davis 55%
Jo Ann Davis 18%
Bill Delahunt 45%
Thomas DeLay 67%
James DeMint 73%
Peter Deutsch 27%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Norm Dicks 73%
Chris Dodd 13%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 100%
Calvin Dooley 91%
John Doolittle 55%
Byron Dorgan 13%
David Dreier 82%
Jennifer Dunn 73%
John Edwards 25%
Chet Edwards 64%
Vern Ehlers 73%
Jo Ann Emerson 82%
Philip English 64%
John Ensign 88%
Bob Etheridge 64%
Lane Evans 36%
Terry Everett 40%
Russ Feingold 0%
Michael Ferguson 55%
Bob Filner 45%
Peter Fitzgerald 88%
Ernest Fletcher 73%
Mark Foley 45%
Harold Ford, Jr. 55%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 50%
Barney Frank 36%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 45%
Elton Gallegly 64%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 18%
Jim Gibbons 60%
Wayne Gilchrest 90%
Charlie Gonzalez 64%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 45%
Porter Goss 64%
Mark Green 55%
James Greenwood 82%
Judd Gregg 88%
Gilbert Gutknecht 55%
Jane Harman 55%
Melissa Hart 45%
Robert Hayes 36%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 40%
Joel Hefley 27%
Wally Herger, Jr. 82%
Baron Hill 64%
Maurice Hinchey 36%
David Lee Hobson 55%
Pete Hoekstra 36%
Thomas Holden 27%
Ernest Hollings 13%
Darlene Hooley 45%
John Nathan Hostettler 60%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 70%
Kenny Hulshof 73%
Duncan Hunter 20%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 45%
Daniel Inouye 40%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 64%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 36%
William Jefferson 73%
James Merrill Jeffords 38%
William Lewis Jenkins 40%
Christopher John 73%
Nancy Johnson 82%
Tim Johnson 82%
Paul Kanjorski 45%
Ric Keller 73%
Sue Kelly 45%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 13%
Mark Kennedy 73%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 36%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 40%
Gerald Kleczka 45%
Joseph Knollenberg 73%
Herb Kohl 50%
James Kolbe 91%
Dennis Kucinich 27%
Jon Kyl 100%
Ray LaHood 73%
Nicholas Lampson 55%
Tom Lantos 40%
Steve LaTourette 50%
James Leach 82%
Jerry Lewis 50%
Ron Lewis 73%
Joe Lieberman 57%
Blanche Lincoln 75%
John Linder 64%
William Lipinski 20%
Trent Lott, Sr. 88%
Dick Lugar 100%
Don Manzullo 82%
Robert Matsui 55%
James McCrery III 73%
John McHugh 27%
Scott McInnis 64%
Michael McNulty 36%
Zell Bryan Miller 100%
Alan Mollohan 40%
Jack Murtha 40%
Sue Myrick 64%
Ben Nelson 75%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 82%
Robert William Ney 64%
Don Nickles 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 9%
James Nussle 82%
Jim Oberstar 45%
Dave Obey 27%
John Olver 40%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 73%
Thomas William Osborne 91%
Doug Ose 73%
Major Owens 36%
Ron Paul 64%
Donald Payne 36%
John Peterson 91%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 36%
Todd Platts 70%
Richard Pombo 45%
Earl Pomeroy 55%
Deborah Pryce 60%
Jack Quinn 25%
George Radanovich 55%
James Ramstad 91%
Ralph Regula 36%
Denny Rehberg 82%
Silvestre Reyes 45%
Thomas Reynolds 73%
Ciro Rodriguez 55%
Mike Ross 27%
Steve Rothman 9%
Jim Ryun 73%
Martin Olav Sabo 45%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 36%
Rick Santorum 100%
Jim Saxton 50%
Edward Schrock 73%
John Shadegg 64%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 64%
Christopher Shays 73%
Donald Sherwood 64%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 55%
Ike Skelton 55%
Gordon Smith 63%
Nick Smith 82%
Olympia Snowe 63%
Vic Snyder 73%
Hilda Solis 36%
Mark Souder 45%
Arlen Specter 75%
John Spratt, Jr. 27%
Pete Stark 36%
Cliff Stearns 25%
Charles Stenholm 82%
Ted Stevens 100%
Ted Strickland 27%
Bart Stupak 36%
John Sullivan 60%
John Sununu 82%
John Sweeney 67%
Tom Tancredo 36%
John Tanner 82%
Ellen Tauscher 64%
William Tauzin 55%
Charles Taylor 18%
Gene Taylor 27%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 64%
Todd Tiahrt 82%
Ed Towns 36%
James Turner 45%
James Walsh 55%
Zach Wamp 45%
John Warner 71%
Diane Watson 27%
Mel Watt 45%
Anthony Weiner 45%
David Weldon 36%
W. Curtis Weldon 45%
Gerald Weller 64%
Robert Wexler 30%
Heather Wilson 82%
Lynn Woolsey 36%
David Wu 27%
Albert Wynn 45%
Bill Young 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.