Rating Group: The Cato Institute

2001-2002 Trade Subsidy Votes Score

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 25%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 50%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 25%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 14%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 50%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 25%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 43%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 14%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 75%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 71%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 57%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 75%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 25%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 25%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 43%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 29%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 25%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 71%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 43%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 25%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 25%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 71%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 14%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 75%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 43%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 25%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 25%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 86%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 14%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 75%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 29%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 43%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 43%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 57%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 57%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 29%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 43%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 29%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 57%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 14%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 29%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 14%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 14%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 43%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 43%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 29%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 57%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 67%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 43%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 29%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 43%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 29%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 29%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 29%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 43%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 43%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 14%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 43%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 14%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 50%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 14%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 29%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 14%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 43%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 29%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 71%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 43%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 57%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 43%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 71%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 29%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 43%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 29%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 57%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 71%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 57%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 14%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 43%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 17%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 43%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 67%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 14%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 43%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 43%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 71%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 57%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 29%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 50%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 29%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 43%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 57%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 57%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 14%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 86%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 14%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 14%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 71%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 14%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 43%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 14%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 43%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 50%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 43%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 71%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 14%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 29%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 43%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 25%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 29%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 25%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 0%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 29%
CO Commissioner-2 Scott McInnis 86%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 57%
Neil Abercrombie 14%
Gary Ackerman 43%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 57%
Wayne Allard 50%
George Allen 25%
Thomas Allen 43%
Rob Andrews 71%
Joe Baca, Sr. 14%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Brian Baird 29%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 57%
Charlie Bass 100%
Max Baucus 0%
Evan Bayh 25%
Bob Bennett 67%
Douglas Bereuter 14%
Shelley Berkley 29%
Howard Berman 71%
Marion Berry 0%
Judy Biggert 71%
Michael Bilirakis 57%
Jeff Bingaman 25%
Sherwood Boehlert 29%
Kit Bond 25%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Mary Bono Mack 14%
Leonard Boswell 29%
Rick Boucher 14%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 0%
John Breaux 0%
Henry Brown, Jr. 29%
Jim Bunning 75%
Conrad Burns 25%
Dan Burton 75%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 25%
Dave Camp 14%
Ben Campbell 50%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 29%
Brad Carson 0%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 57%
Linc Chafee 100%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Hillary Clinton 25%
Howard Coble 29%
Michael Collins 29%
Larry Combest 0%
Kent Conrad 25%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 14%
Christopher Cox 100%
Larry Craig 50%
Robert Cramer 0%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 14%
Randall Cunningham 14%
Thomas Daschle 25%
James Davis 29%
Jo Ann Davis 43%
Thomas Davis III 71%
Bill Delahunt 50%
Thomas DeLay 86%
James DeMint 71%
Peter Deutsch 57%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 17%
John Dingell 0%
Chris Dodd 25%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 29%
John Doolittle 57%
Byron Dorgan 25%
David Dreier 57%
Jennifer Dunn 43%
John Edwards 0%
Chet Edwards 29%
Vern Ehlers 43%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 29%
John Ensign 100%
Bob Etheridge 0%
Lane Evans 14%
Terry Everett 14%
Russ Feingold 75%
Michael Ferguson 71%
Bob Filner 29%
Peter Fitzgerald 50%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 71%
Barney Frank 71%
William Frist 50%
Jonas Frost III 0%
Elton Gallegly 33%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 29%
Jim Gibbons 40%
Wayne Gilchrest 17%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 43%
Bart Gordon 14%
Porter Goss 57%
Mark Green 43%
James Greenwood 29%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Charles Hagel 75%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tom Harkin 25%
Jane Harman 43%
Melissa Hart 29%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 14%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 71%
Joel Hefley 71%
Wally Herger, Jr. 17%
Baron Hill 0%
Maurice Hinchey 43%
David Lee Hobson 29%
Pete Hoekstra 86%
Thomas Holden 14%
Ernest Hollings 0%
Rush Holt, Jr. 57%
Darlene Hooley 14%
John Nathan Hostettler 71%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 29%
Kay Hutchison 25%
Henry Hyde 14%
Daniel Inouye 25%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 60%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 43%
William Jefferson 0%
James Merrill Jeffords 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 0%
Nancy Johnson 71%
Tim Johnson 0%
Timothy Johnson 25%
Paul Kanjorski 43%
Ric Keller 43%
Sue Kelly 43%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 50%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 29%
Dale Kildee 14%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Jack Kingston 14%
Gerald Kleczka 43%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 50%
James Kolbe 43%
Dennis Kucinich 57%
Jon Kyl 75%
Ray LaHood 0%
Nicholas Lampson 0%
Mary Landrieu 0%
Tom Lantos 57%
Tom Latham 14%
Steve LaTourette 29%
James Leach 14%
Carl Levin 25%
Jerry Lewis 17%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Blanche Lincoln 25%
John Linder 71%
William Lipinski 60%
Trent Lott, Sr. 25%
Ken Lucas 0%
Dick Lugar 100%
Don Manzullo 29%
Jim Matheson 29%
Robert Matsui 14%
Carolyn McCarthy 43%
Karen McCarthy 33%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 29%
Mike McIntyre 0%
Buck McKeon 14%
Michael McNulty 57%
Gary Miller 57%
George Miller 71%
Zell Bryan Miller 0%
Alan Mollohan 33%
Dennis Moore 43%
Jim Moran, Jr. 71%
Jack Murtha 40%
Sue Myrick 43%
Ben Nelson 25%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 43%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 43%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 14%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 29%
Dave Obey 43%
John Olver 17%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Doug Ose 0%
Major Owens 86%
Michael Oxley 14%
Ed Pastor 0%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 43%
John Peterson 33%
Tom Petri 86%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 57%
Richard Pombo 14%
Earl Pomeroy 14%
Deborah Pryce 43%
Jack Quinn 29%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 14%
James Ramstad 71%
Ralph Regula 14%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Thomas Reynolds 14%
Jay Rockefeller IV 25%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Mike Rogers 14%
Mike Ross 0%
Steve Rothman 43%
Jim Ryun 14%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 0%
Rick Santorum 100%
Jim Saxton 43%
Edward Schrock 57%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 57%
Christopher Shays 71%
Donald Sherwood 43%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 43%
Ike Skelton 0%
Gordon Smith 50%
Nick Smith 43%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 14%
Mark Souder 29%
Arlen Specter 75%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 71%
Cliff Stearns 71%
Charles Stenholm 0%
Ted Stevens 50%
Ted Strickland 29%
Bart Stupak 43%
John Sullivan 100%
John Sununu 86%
John Sweeney 0%
Tom Tancredo 100%
John Tanner 0%
Ellen Tauscher 57%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 14%
Gene Taylor 0%
Lee Terry 14%
Craig Thomas 75%
William Thomas 14%
Todd Tiahrt 14%
John Tierney 71%
Ed Towns 29%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 50%
James Turner 0%
Mark Udall 43%
George Voinovich 100%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 100%
John Warner 50%
Diane Watson 14%
Mel Watt 14%
Henry Waxman 67%
Anthony Weiner 71%
David Weldon 14%
W. Curtis Weldon 17%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 0%
Frank Wolf 29%
Lynn Woolsey 14%
David Wu 14%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 57%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.