Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1999-2000 Trade Barrier Votes Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 60%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 47%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 33%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 67%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 80%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 78%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 47%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 89%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 44%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 56%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 44%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 78%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 89%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 78%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 56%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 78%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 78%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 78%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 89%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 67%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 63%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 78%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 44%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 43%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 22%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 44%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 89%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 78%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 44%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 50%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 56%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 50%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 33%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 67%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 78%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 33%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 78%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 56%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 22%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 33%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 60%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 73%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 89%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 53%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 67%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 25%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 56%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 44%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 89%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 44%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 87%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 89%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 93%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 73%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 78%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 22%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 67%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 87%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 75%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 56%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 78%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 67%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 44%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 44%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 53%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 67%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 63%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 56%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 40%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 56%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 53%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 78%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 89%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 44%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 56%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 56%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 78%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 43%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 78%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 73%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 87%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 87%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 33%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 11%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 89%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 22%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 22%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 89%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 33%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 22%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 11%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 22%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 78%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 67%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 38%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 40%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 80%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 33%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 78%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 78%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 50%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 44%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 88%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 44%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 88%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 33%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 89%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 33%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 78%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 78%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 78%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 13%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 89%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 47%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 75%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 78%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 89%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 33%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 78%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 33%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 78%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 44%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 75%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 78%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 53%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 33%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 56%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 53%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 11%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 78%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 78%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 50%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 78%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 78%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 78%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 89%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 89%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 67%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 44%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 89%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 89%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 67%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 67%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 22%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 78%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 100%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 44%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 40%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 33%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 73%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 78%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 89%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 33%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 89%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 33%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 67%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 67%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 64%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 22%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 87%
Gary Ackerman 67%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 54%
Wayne Allard 80%
Thomas Allen 89%
Rob Andrews 44%
Richard Armey 78%
Brian Baird 89%
Richard Hugh Baker 78%
Cass Ballenger 67%
James Barcia 33%
Bob Barr, Jr. 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 11%
Charlie Bass 89%
Max Baucus 80%
Evan Bayh 60%
Bob Bennett 73%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 78%
Douglas Bereuter 89%
Shelley Berkley 56%
Howard Berman 86%
Marion Berry 89%
Judy Biggert 100%
Michael Bilirakis 33%
Jeff Bingaman 79%
Rod Blagojevich 56%
Sherwood Boehlert 89%
Kit Bond 87%
Henry Bonilla 78%
David Edward Bonior 33%
Mary Bono Mack 89%
Robert Borski, Jr. 44%
Leonard Boswell 88%
Rick Boucher 67%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 78%
John Breaux 80%
Ed Bryant 67%
Jim Bunning 29%
Conrad Burns 60%
Dan Burton 29%
Steve Buyer 44%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 67%
Ben Campbell 40%
Chris Cannon 75%
Julia Carson 75%
Mike Castle 89%
Eva Clayton 78%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 53%
Robert Clement 78%
Michael Collins 33%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 44%
Kent Conrad 60%
John Cooksey 100%
Jerry Costello 44%
Christopher Cox 56%
William Coyne 44%
Larry Craig 67%
Robert Cramer 89%
Philip Crane 78%
Barbara Cubin 67%
Randall Cunningham 78%
Thomas Daschle 73%
James Davis 78%
Thomas Davis III 78%
Bill Delahunt 29%
Thomas DeLay 75%
James DeMint 78%
Peter Deutsch 56%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 33%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 71%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 77%
Calvin Dooley 100%
John Doolittle 56%
Byron Dorgan 47%
David Dreier 78%
Jennifer Dunn 78%
John Edwards 40%
Chet Edwards 89%
Vern Ehlers 89%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 44%
Jo Ann Emerson 67%
Philip English 89%
Bob Etheridge 67%
Lane Evans 44%
Terry Everett 38%
Russ Feingold 40%
Bob Filner 67%
Peter Fitzgerald 93%
Ernest Fletcher 67%
Mark Foley 78%
Harold Ford, Jr. 89%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 78%
Barney Frank 44%
William Frist 93%
Jonas Frost III 67%
Elton Gallegly 67%
John Ganske 67%
George Gekas 67%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 22%
Jim Gibbons 22%
Wayne Gilchrest 78%
Paul Gillmor 67%
Benjamin Gilman 33%
Charlie Gonzalez 89%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 11%
Bart Gordon 67%
Porter Goss 78%
Daniel Graham 73%
William Phillip Gramm 80%
Mark Green 67%
James Greenwood 78%
Judd Gregg 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
Tony Hall 56%
James Hansen 67%
Robert Hayes 22%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 43%
Joel Hefley 33%
Jesse Helms 14%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Baron Hill 89%
Van Hilleary 33%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 56%
Maurice Hinchey 63%
David Lee Hobson 56%
Pete Hoekstra 78%
Thomas Holden 56%
Ernest Hollings 13%
Darlene Hooley 89%
Stephen Horn 33%
John Nathan Hostettler 11%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 78%
Kenny Hulshof 78%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 78%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 73%
Kay Hutchison 73%
Henry Hyde 67%
Daniel Inouye 69%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 67%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 33%
William Jefferson 88%
James Merrill Jeffords 64%
Christopher John 100%
Nancy Johnson 100%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Sue Kelly 67%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 60%
Patrick Kennedy 11%
Dale Kildee 33%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 56%
Gerald Kleczka 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 78%
Herb Kohl 64%
James Kolbe 78%
Dennis Kucinich 33%
Jon Kyl 73%
John LaFalce 89%
Ray LaHood 100%
Nicholas Lampson 78%
Tom Lantos 44%
Stephen Largent 89%
Steve LaTourette 78%
James Leach 100%
Jerry Lewis 78%
Ron Lewis 67%
Joe Lieberman 67%
Blanche Lincoln 80%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 11%
Trent Lott, Sr. 67%
Dick Lugar 100%
William Luther 78%
James Maloney 56%
Don Manzullo 89%
Frank Mascara 33%
Robert Matsui 89%
Karen McCarthy 78%
James McCrery III 78%
John McHugh 63%
Scott McInnis 86%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 33%
Michael McNulty 78%
Martin Meehan 89%
Carrie Meek 50%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 78%
Dan Miller 78%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 33%
John Moakley 67%
Alan Mollohan 25%
Dennis Moore 89%
Constance Morella 89%
Frank Murkowski 73%
Jack Murtha 44%
Sue Myrick 75%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 78%
Robert William Ney 22%
Don Nickles 93%
Anne Northup 78%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 11%
James Nussle 89%
Jim Oberstar 50%
Dave Obey 38%
John Olver 56%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 67%
Doug Ose 78%
Major Owens 56%
Michael Oxley 89%
Ron Paul 67%
Donald Payne 44%
John Peterson 75%
David Phelps 56%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 78%
Richard Pombo 22%
Earl Pomeroy 89%
Deborah Pryce 78%
Jack Quinn 44%
George Radanovich 89%
James Ramstad 100%
Ralph Regula 67%
Silvestre Reyes 67%
Thomas Reynolds 78%
Bob Riley 33%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 50%
Ciro Rodriguez 78%
Timothy Roemer 86%
Steve Rothman 22%
Marge Roukema 67%
Jim Ryun 78%
Martin Olav Sabo 56%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 89%
Rick Santorum 73%
Paul Sarbanes 47%
Jim Saxton 56%
Joe Scarborough 38%
Robert Schaffer 44%
John Shadegg 78%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 78%
Christopher Shays 100%
Donald Sherwood 78%
Ronnie Shows 67%
Joseph Skeen 67%
Ike Skelton 67%
Gordon Smith 80%
Nick Smith 78%
Bob Smith 33%
Olympia Snowe 27%
Vic Snyder 89%
Mark Souder 22%
Arlen Specter 60%
Floyd Spence 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 33%
Pete Stark 44%
Cliff Stearns 33%
Charles Stenholm 89%
Ted Stevens 67%
Ted Strickland 33%
Bob Stump 78%
Bart Stupak 25%
John Sununu 89%
John Sweeney 56%
Tom Tancredo 33%
John Tanner 89%
Ellen Tauscher 89%
William Tauzin 78%
Charles Taylor 22%
Gene Taylor 22%
Craig Thomas 80%
William Thomas 78%
Fred Thompson 73%
Karen Thurman 89%
Strom Thurmond 33%
Todd Tiahrt 78%
Robert Torricelli 33%
Ed Towns 67%
James Traficant, Jr. 11%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 56%
James Turner 89%
George Voinovich 100%
James Walsh 67%
Zach Wamp 22%
John Warner 87%
Wesley Watkins 78%
Mel Watt 56%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 78%
Anthony Weiner 89%
David Weldon 33%
W. Curtis Weldon 67%
Gerald Weller 86%
Paul Wellstone 33%
Robert Wexler 33%
Heather Wilson 78%
Lynn Woolsey 44%
David Wu 44%
Albert Wynn 50%
Bill Young 67%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.