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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1997-1998 Trade Subsidy Votes Score

Issues: Conservative , Trade
State Office District Name Party Rating
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Campbell 89%
Philip Crane 89%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 89%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 89%
John Shadegg 89%
David McIntosh 88%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 83%
Rodney Grams 83%
Judd Gregg 83%
Kay Hutchison 83%
Don Nickles 83%
Richard Armey 78%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 78%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 78%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 78%
Ron Paul 78%
James Rogan 78%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matthew Salmon Republican 78%
Stephen Largent 75%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 67%
John Ashcroft 67%
Charlie Bass 67%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Richard Bryan 67%
Larry Craig 67%
Randall Cunningham 67%
Thomas DeLay 67%
Chris Dodd 67%
Tillie Fowler 67%
Paul Gillmor 67%
William Phillip Gramm 67%
J. Dennis Hastert 67%
Pete Hoekstra 67%
Kenny Hulshof 67%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 67%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 67%
Herb Kohl 67%
James Kolbe 67%
Jon Kyl 67%
Dick Lugar 67%
Don Manzullo 67%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 67%
Dan Miller 67%
Patrick Moynihan 67%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 67%
Edward Pease 67%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 67%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 67%
James Ramstad 67%
Charles Robb 67%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 67%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 67%
William Roth, Jr. 67%
Jim Ryun 67%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 67%
John Sununu 67%
James Talent 67%
Craig Thomas 67%
Fred Thompson 67%
Michael Collins 63%
Porter Goss 63%
W. Curtis Weldon 63%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 60%
John Peterson 58%
Asa Hutchinson 57%
Deborah Pryce 57%
Bill Archer 56%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 56%
Chris Cannon 56%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 56%
Christopher Cox 56%
Thomas Davis III 56%
Mark Foley 56%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 56%
Gilbert Gutknecht 56%
Wally Herger, Jr. 56%
David Lee Hobson 56%
John Nathan Hostettler 56%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Joseph Knollenberg 56%
John Linder 56%
Bill McCollum 56%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 56%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 56%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 56%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 56%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 56%
Christopher Shays 56%
Bob Stump 56%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 55%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 55%
Wesley Watkins 55%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 55%
Robert Barr, Jr. 50%
Max Baucus 50%
Jeff Bingaman 50%
Kit Bond 50%
Robert Byrd 50%
Herbert Callahan 50%
RI Governor Linc Chafee Democratic 50%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 50%
Barbara Cubin 50%
Thomas Daschle 50%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Byron Dorgan 50%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Russ Feingold 50%
William Frist 50%
Slade Gorton 50%
James Greenwood 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 50%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
Bob Kerrey 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 50%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 50%
Frank Lautenberg 50%
Joe Lieberman 50%
Trent Lott, Sr. 50%
Martin Meehan 50%
Frank Murkowski 50%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 50%
Rick Santorum 50%
Joe Scarborough 50%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 50%
Gordon Smith 50%
Bob Smith 50%
John Warner 50%
Paul Wellstone 50%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 50%
Rob Andrews 44%
Cass Ballenger 44%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 44%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 44%
Henry Bonilla 44%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 44%
Ed Bryant 44%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 44%
Mike Castle 44%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 44%
Norm Dicks 44%
Calvin Dooley 44%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 44%
David Dreier 44%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 44%
Jennifer Dunn 44%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 44%
Jo Ann Emerson 44%
Philip English 44%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 44%
Robert Franks 44%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 44%
John Ganske 44%
Jim Gibbons 44%
Joel Hefley 44%
Van Hilleary 44%
Stephen Horn 44%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 44%
Ray LaHood 44%
Rick Lazio 44%
James Leach 44%
William Luther 44%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 44%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 44%
Constance Morella 44%
Sue Myrick 44%
Robert William Ney 44%
Anne Northup 44%
Ronald Packard 44%
Owen Pickett 44%
George Radanovich 44%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 44%
Marge Roukema 44%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 44%
Cliff Stearns 44%
Gene Taylor 44%
William Thomas 44%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 44%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 44%
Todd Tiahrt 44%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 44%
Zach Wamp 44%
John Cooksey 43%
Herbert Bateman 38%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 38%
Dan Burton 38%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 38%
Henry Hyde 38%
William Jefferson 38%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 38%
Jerry Lewis 38%
William Lipinski 38%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 38%
John Edward Porter 38%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 38%
James Traficant, Jr. 38%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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