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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1997-1998 Trade Subsidy Votes Score

Issues: Conservative , Trade
State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 67%
Gary Ackerman 14%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 33%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 13%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 56%
Richard Armey 78%
John Ashcroft 67%
Richard Hugh Baker 33%
Cass Ballenger 44%
James Barcia 11%
Robert Barr, Jr. 50%
Bill Barrett 33%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
Charlie Bass 67%
Herbert Bateman 38%
Max Baucus 50%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 33%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 33%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Michael Bilirakis 22%
Jeff Bingaman 50%
Rod Blagojevich 33%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 44%
Sherwood Boehlert 11%
Kit Bond 50%
Henry Bonilla 44%
David Edward Bonior 11%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 33%
Rick Boucher 11%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 11%
John Breaux 33%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 44%
Conrad Burns 25%
Dan Burton 38%
Steve Buyer 33%
Robert Byrd 50%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Ben Campbell 17%
Thomas Campbell 89%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 33%
Chris Cannon 56%
Julia Carson 22%
Mike Castle 44%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 44%
William Clay, Sr. 11%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
Robert Clement 33%
Michael Collins 63%
Larry Combest 33%
Gary Condit 22%
Kent Conrad 33%
Merrill Cook 22%
John Cooksey 43%
Jerry Costello 22%
Christopher Cox 56%
William Coyne 11%
Larry Craig 67%
Robert Cramer 22%
Philip Crane 89%
Barbara Cubin 50%
Randall Cunningham 67%
Patsy Ann Danner 11%
Thomas Daschle 50%
James Davis 33%
Thomas Davis III 56%
Bill Delahunt 22%
Thomas DeLay 67%
Peter Deutsch 22%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 22%
Jay Dickey 22%
Norm Dicks 44%
Julian Dixon 22%
Chris Dodd 67%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 44%
John Doolittle 22%
Byron Dorgan 50%
David Dreier 44%
Jennifer Dunn 44%
Chet Edwards 25%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 44%
Jo Ann Emerson 44%
Philip English 44%
Bob Etheridge 22%
Lane Evans 11%
Terry Everett 11%
Thomas Ewing 33%
Russ Feingold 50%
Bob Filner 13%
Mark Foley 56%
Michael Patrick Forbes 14%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Tillie Fowler 67%
Barney Frank 11%
Robert Franks 44%
William Frist 50%
Jonas Frost III 13%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 44%
Sam Gejdenson 11%
George Gekas 33%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 67%
Benjamin Gilman 11%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 11%
William Goodling 22%
Bart Gordon 11%
Slade Gorton 50%
Porter Goss 63%
Daniel Graham 33%
William Phillip Gramm 67%
Rodney Grams 83%
James Greenwood 50%
Judd Gregg 83%
Gilbert Gutknecht 56%
Tony Hall 11%
James Hansen 22%
J. Dennis Hastert 67%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 89%
Joel Hefley 44%
Jesse Helms 33%
Wally Herger, Jr. 56%
Rick Hill 25%
Van Hilleary 44%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 33%
Maurice Hinchey 11%
David Lee Hobson 56%
Pete Hoekstra 67%
Thomas Holden 22%
Ernest Hollings 33%
Darlene Hooley 22%
Stephen Horn 44%
John Nathan Hostettler 56%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Kenny Hulshof 67%
Duncan Hunter 33%
Asa Hutchinson 57%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 33%
Kay Hutchison 83%
Henry Hyde 38%
Daniel Inouye 33%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 67%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 22%
William Jefferson 38%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 13%
Paul Kanjorski 33%
Sue Kelly 33%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 33%
Patrick Kennedy 22%
Bob Kerrey 50%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 22%
Ronald Klink 22%
Joseph Knollenberg 56%
Herb Kohl 67%
James Kolbe 67%
Dennis Kucinich 33%
Jon Kyl 67%
John LaFalce 11%
Ray LaHood 44%
Nicholas Lampson 11%
Tom Lantos 13%
Stephen Largent 75%
Steve LaTourette 33%
Frank Lautenberg 50%
Rick Lazio 44%
James Leach 44%
Jerry Lewis 38%
Ron Lewis 33%
Joe Lieberman 50%
John Linder 56%
William Lipinski 38%
Trent Lott, Sr. 50%
Dick Lugar 67%
William Luther 44%
Connie Mack 33%
James Maloney 11%
Don Manzullo 67%
Matthew Martinez 13%
Frank Mascara 22%
Robert Matsui 33%
Karen McCarthy 22%
Bill McCollum 56%
James McCrery III 33%
John McHugh 22%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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