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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1997-1998 Trade Subsidy Votes Score

Issues: Conservative , Trade
State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 67%
Gary Ackerman 14%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 11%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 33%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 13%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 56%
Richard Armey 78%
John Ashcroft 67%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 78%
Richard Hugh Baker 33%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 11%
Cass Ballenger 44%
James Barcia 11%
Robert Barr, Jr. 50%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 44%
Bill Barrett 33%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 8%
Charlie Bass 67%
Herbert Bateman 38%
Max Baucus 50%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 11%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 33%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 33%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 60%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Michael Bilirakis 22%
Jeff Bingaman 50%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 11%
Rod Blagojevich 33%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 44%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 33%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 38%
Sherwood Boehlert 11%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 25%
Kit Bond 50%
Henry Bonilla 44%
David Edward Bonior 11%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 33%
Rick Boucher 11%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 17%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 11%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 44%
John Breaux 33%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 11%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 22%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 83%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 44%
Conrad Burns 25%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 56%
Dan Burton 38%
Steve Buyer 33%
Robert Byrd 50%
Herbert Callahan 50%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 33%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 44%
Ben Campbell 17%
Thomas Campbell 89%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 33%
Chris Cannon 56%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 11%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 11%
Julia Carson 22%
Mike Castle 44%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 78%
RI Governor Linc Chafee Democratic 50%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 33%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 44%
VI U.S. House Delegate Donna Christensen Democratic 33%
William Clay, Sr. 11%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
Robert Clement 33%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 0%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 78%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 25%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 50%
Michael Collins 63%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
Larry Combest 33%
Gary Condit 22%
Kent Conrad 33%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 56%
Merrill Cook 22%
John Cooksey 43%
Jerry Costello 22%
Christopher Cox 56%
William Coyne 11%
Larry Craig 67%
Robert Cramer 22%
Philip Crane 89%
Barbara Cubin 50%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 33%
Randall Cunningham 67%
Patsy Ann Danner 11%
Thomas Daschle 50%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 22%
James Davis 33%
Thomas Davis III 56%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 38%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 22%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 33%
Bill Delahunt 22%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 11%
Thomas DeLay 67%
Peter Deutsch 22%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 50%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 22%
Jay Dickey 22%
Norm Dicks 44%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 22%
Julian Dixon 22%
Chris Dodd 67%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 22%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 44%
John Doolittle 22%
Byron Dorgan 50%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 44%
David Dreier 44%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 44%
Jennifer Dunn 44%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 33%
Chet Edwards 25%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 44%
Jo Ann Emerson 44%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 11%
Philip English 44%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 33%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 44%
Bob Etheridge 22%
Lane Evans 11%
Terry Everett 11%
Thomas Ewing 33%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 22%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 22%
Russ Feingold 50%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 33%
Bob Filner 13%
Mark Foley 56%
Michael Patrick Forbes 14%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Tillie Fowler 67%
Barney Frank 11%
Robert Franks 44%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 44%
William Frist 50%
Jonas Frost III 13%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 44%
Sam Gejdenson 11%
George Gekas 33%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 67%
Benjamin Gilman 11%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 11%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 56%
William Goodling 22%
Bart Gordon 11%
Slade Gorton 50%
Porter Goss 63%
Daniel Graham 33%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 25%
William Phillip Gramm 67%
Rodney Grams 83%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 33%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 13%
James Greenwood 50%
Judd Gregg 83%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 22%
Gilbert Gutknecht 56%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 50%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 33%
Tony Hall 11%
James Hansen 22%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 17%
J. Dennis Hastert 67%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 11%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 50%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 33%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 89%
Joel Hefley 44%
Jesse Helms 33%
Wally Herger, Jr. 56%
Rick Hill 25%
Van Hilleary 44%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 33%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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