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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: The Cato Institute

1997-1998 Trade Subsidy Votes Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 17%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 11%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 78%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 17%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 50%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 78%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 22%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 67%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 13%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 44%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 22%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 22%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 44%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 56%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 33%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 14%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 56%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 33%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 17%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 33%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 11%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 11%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 33%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 11%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 22%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 33%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 33%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 11%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 25%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 33%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 38%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 0%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 33%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 17%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 22%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 22%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 22%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 44%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 33%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 33%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 67%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 44%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 83%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 33%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 11%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 33%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas Democratic 33%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 50%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 22%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 38%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 22%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 33%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 11%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 33%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 33%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 11%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 11%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 44%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 44%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 11%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 22%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 56%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 0%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 11%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 33%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 38%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 50%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 33%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 50%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 33%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 22%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 78%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 25%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 56%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 33%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 22%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 22%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 33%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 44%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 0%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 50%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 33%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 11%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 44%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 13%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 11%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 33%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 13%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 78%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 25%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 25%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 22%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 22%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 67%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 50%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 44%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 33%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 25%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 33%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 22%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 50%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 22%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 44%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 67%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 33%
RI Governor Linc Chafee Democratic 50%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 89%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 0%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 25%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 67%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 44%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 44%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 33%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 8%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 44%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 33%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 44%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 11%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 22%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 55%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 13%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 38%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 56%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 22%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 33%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 11%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 56%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 55%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 22%
VI U.S. House Delegate Donna Christensen Democratic 33%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 17%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 38%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 50%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 56%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 33%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 33%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 22%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 67%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 44%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 11%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 67%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 33%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 67%
Gary Ackerman 14%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 33%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 13%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 56%
Richard Armey 78%
John Ashcroft 67%
Richard Hugh Baker 33%
Cass Ballenger 44%
James Barcia 11%
Bob Barr, Jr. 50%
Bill Barrett 33%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
Charlie Bass 67%
Herbert Bateman 38%
Max Baucus 50%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 33%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 25%
Marion Berry 33%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Michael Bilirakis 22%
Jeff Bingaman 50%
Rod Blagojevich 33%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 44%
Sherwood Boehlert 11%
Kit Bond 50%
Henry Bonilla 44%
David Edward Bonior 11%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 33%
Rick Boucher 11%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 11%
John Breaux 33%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 44%
Conrad Burns 25%
Dan Burton 38%
Steve Buyer 33%
Robert Byrd 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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