Rating Group: Taxpayers for Common Sense

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Ron Paul 94%
William Luther 92%
Martin Meehan 89%
James Ramstad 89%
Christopher Shays 89%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 86%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 83%
Scott Klug 83%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 83%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 81%
Russ Feingold 81%
Herb Kohl 78%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 78%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 78%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 78%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 78%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 75%
Thomas Campbell 75%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 75%
Pete Hoekstra 75%
Joseph Kennedy II 75%
Constance Morella 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 75%
Bruce Vento 75%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 75%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 72%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 72%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 72%
Barney Frank 72%
David Minge 72%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 72%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 72%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 72%
Darlene Hooley 69%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 69%
Karen McCarthy 69%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 69%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 69%
Mark Neumann 69%
Dave Obey 69%
John Olver 69%
Marge Roukema 69%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 69%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 69%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 69%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 69%
Rod Blagojevich 67%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 67%
Bill Delahunt 67%
OH Governor John Kasich R 67%
Gerald Kleczka 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 67%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 67%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 67%
Lynn Woolsey 67%
Judd Gregg 66%
Paul Wellstone 66%
Rob Andrews 64%
Julia Carson 64%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 64%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 64%
Lane Evans 64%
Robert Franks 64%
Dennis Kucinich 64%
James Leach 64%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 64%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 64%
Dan Miller 64%
John Edward Porter 64%
Timothy Roemer 64%
Ellen Tauscher 64%
Dale Bumpers 63%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 63%
Thomas Allen 61%
Mike Castle 61%
Gary Condit 61%
William Coyne 61%
John Ensign 61%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 61%
Maurice Hinchey 61%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 61%
Paul Kanjorski 61%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 61%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 61%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 61%
Major Owens 61%
Donald Payne 61%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 61%
Bob Weygand 61%
Bob Kerrey 59%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 59%
Charles Robb 59%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 58%
Charlie Bass 58%
Jerry Costello 58%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 58%
John Ganske 58%
John LaFalce 58%
Michael McNulty 58%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 58%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 58%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 58%
Glenn Poshard 58%
Ted Strickland 58%
John Sununu 58%
Richard Bryan 56%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 56%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 56%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 56%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 56%
Jon David Fox 56%
Elizabeth Furse 56%
Sam Gejdenson 56%
John Glenn 56%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 56%
Frank Lautenberg 56%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 56%
Joe Lieberman 56%
James Maloney 56%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 56%
John Moakley 56%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 56%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 56%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 56%
Pete Stark 56%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 53%
David Edward Bonior 53%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 53%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 53%
James Davis 53%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 53%
Bob Filner 53%
Mark Foley 53%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 53%
Patrick Kennedy 53%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 53%
Tom Lantos 53%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 53%
Paul McHale 53%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 53%
Carol Moseley Braun 53%
Steve Rothman 53%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 53%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 53%
Martin Olav Sabo 53%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 53%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 53%
Nick Smith 53%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 50%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 50%
Kent Conrad 50%
Christopher Cox 50%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 50%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 50%
Harris Fawell 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 50%
James Greenwood 50%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 50%
Jon Kyl 50%
Stephen Largent 50%
Rick Lazio 50%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 50%
Patrick Moynihan 50%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 50%
Bart Stupak 50%
Fred Thompson 50%
Robert Torricelli 50%
Jon Lynn Christensen 47%
William Clay, Sr. 47%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 47%
Chris Dodd 47%
Vern Ehlers 47%
Ernest Hollings 47%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 47%
Sue Kelly 47%
Dale Kildee 47%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 47%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 47%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 47%
James Nussle 47%
Michael Pappas 47%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 47%
Joe Scarborough 47%
David Skaggs 47%
Louis Stokes 47%
Zach Wamp 47%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 47%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 44%
John Ashcroft 44%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 44%
George Brown, Jr. 44%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 44%
Robert Byrd 44%
John Chafee 44%
Eva Clayton 44%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 44%
Philip Crane 44%
Peter Deutsch 44%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 44%
Porter Goss 44%
Daniel Graham 44%
William Phillip Gramm 44%
Tony Hall 44%
Jane Harman 44%
Stephen Horn 44%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 44%
Nicholas Lampson 44%
Don Nickles 44%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 44%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 44%
Mark Souder 44%
Craig Thomas 44%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 44%
Mel Watt 44%
Robert Wexler 44%
Sidney Yates 44%
James Barcia 42%
Bob Barr, Jr. 42%
Howard Berman 42%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 42%
Michael Collins 42%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 42%
Harold Ford, Jr. 42%
William Goodling 42%
Lee Hamilton 42%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 42%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 42%
Joel Hefley 42%
Don Manzullo 42%
Frank Mascara 42%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 42%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 42%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 42%
John Shadegg 42%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 42%
Vic Snyder 42%
James Talent 42%
Ed Towns 42%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 41%
Kay Hutchison 41%
James Merrill Jeffords 41%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 41%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 41%
Linda Smith 41%
Bob Smith 41%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 39%
Brian Bilbray 39%
Chris Cannon 39%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 39%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 39%
Jay Johnson 39%
Robert Matsui 39%
David McIntosh 39%
Jim Oberstar 39%
William Paxon 39%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 39%
Jim Ryun 39%
John Spratt, Jr. 39%
Cliff Stearns 39%
Gene Taylor 39%
Todd Tiahrt 39%
W. Curtis Weldon 39%
Rick White 39%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 38%
Wayne Allard 38%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 38%
Byron Dorgan 38%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 38%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 38%
Dick Lugar 38%
William Roth, Jr. 38%
Gordon Smith 38%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Richard Armey 36%
Marion Berry 36%
Leonard Boswell 36%
Robert Clement 36%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 36%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 36%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 36%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 36%
John Nathan Hostettler 36%
Kenny Hulshof 36%
Asa Hutchinson 36%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 36%
William Lipinski 36%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 36%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 36%
Deborah Pryce 36%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 36%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 36%
John Tanner 36%
Esteban Edward Torres 36%
Jeff Bingaman 34%
Larry Craig 34%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 34%
William Frist 34%
Rodney Grams 34%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 34%
Rick Santorum 34%
Paul Sarbanes 34%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 34%
John Warner 34%
Gary Ackerman 33%
Bill Archer 33%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 33%
Merrill Cook 33%
Randall Cunningham 33%
Calvin Dooley 33%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 33%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 33%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 33%
Scott McInnis 33%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 33%
Jack Quinn 33%
Frank Riggs 33%
Robert Schaffer 33%
Charles Stenholm 33%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 31%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 31%
Max Baucus 31%
Michael Bilirakis 31%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
Rick Boucher 31%
Thomas DeLay 31%
Philip English 31%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 31%
Wendell Ford 31%
Jim Gibbons 31%
Paul Gillmor 31%
Bart Gordon 31%
Slade Gorton 31%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 31%
Jesse Helms 31%
Van Hilleary 31%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Nancy Johnson 31%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 31%
Dirk Kempthorne 31%
Ronald Klink 31%
James Kolbe 31%
John Linder 31%
Trent Lott, Sr. 31%
Connie Mack 31%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 31%
Earl Pomeroy 31%
James Rogan 31%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 31%
Vincent Snowbarger 31%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 31%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 31%
Cass Ballenger 28%
Roscoe Bartlett 28%
Douglas Bereuter 28%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 28%
John Breaux 28%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 28%
Ed Bryant 28%
Dan Burton 28%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 28%
Thomas Daschle 28%
Jennifer Dunn 28%
Bob Etheridge 28%
Michael Patrick Forbes 28%
Tillie Fowler 28%
Benjamin Gilman 28%
Bill McCollum 28%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 28%
John McHugh 28%
Jack Metcalf 28%
Sue Myrick 28%
Edward Pease 28%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 28%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 28%
E.G. Shuster 28%
Arlen Specter 28%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 28%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 28%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 25%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 25%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 25%
Herbert Callahan 25%
Ben Campbell 25%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 25%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 25%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 25%
Larry Combest 25%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 25%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Norm Dicks 25%
Julian Dixon 25%
George Gekas 25%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 25%
J. Dennis Hastert 25%
W.G. Hefner 25%
Rick Hill 25%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 25%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 25%
Carrie Meek 25%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 25%
Robert William Ney 25%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 25%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 25%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 25%
Bob Stump 25%
Charles Taylor 25%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
Strom Thurmond 25%
James Traficant, Jr. 25%
David Weldon 25%
Albert Wynn 25%
Norman Sisisky 23%
Bob Bennett 22%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 22%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 22%
Conrad Burns 22%
Paul Coverdell 22%
Alfonse D'Amato 22%
Jay Dickey 22%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 22%
David Dreier 22%
Wayne Gilchrest 22%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 22%
Thomas Holden 22%
Duncan Hunter 22%
Thomas Manton 22%
George Radanovich 22%
Ralph Regula 22%
Jim Saxton 22%
Daniel Schaefer 22%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 22%
Ike Skelton 22%
Ted Stevens 22%
Karen Thurman 22%
James Turner 22%
Henry Scott Baesler 19%
Bill Barrett 19%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 19%
Kit Bond 19%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 19%
John Doolittle 19%
Chet Edwards 19%
Victor Fazio 19%
Elton Gallegly 19%
Henry Gonzalez 19%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 19%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 19%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 19%
Wally Herger, Jr. 19%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 19%
Daniel Inouye 19%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 19%
Steve LaTourette 19%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 19%
Frank Murkowski 19%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 19%
Owen Pickett 19%
Ciro Rodriguez 19%
William Thomas 19%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 19%
Wesley Watkins 19%
Bob Wise, Jr. 19%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 17%
John Cooksey 17%
Robert Cramer 17%
Barbara Cubin 17%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 17%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
Thomas Ewing 17%
James Hansen 17%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 17%
Henry Hyde 17%
William Jefferson 17%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 17%
Jay Kim 17%
Joseph Knollenberg 17%
Matthew Martinez 17%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 17%
Anne Northup 17%
Michael Oxley 17%
Mike Parker 17%
James Walsh 17%
Bill Redmond 15%
Steve Buyer 14%
Terry Everett 14%
William Lewis Jenkins 14%
Christopher John 14%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 14%
Robert Livingston 14%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 14%
Joseph McDade 14%
John Peterson 14%
Richard Pombo 14%
Silvestre Reyes 14%
Bob Riley 14%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 14%
William Tauzin 14%
Gerald Weller 14%
Bill Young 14%
Henry Bonilla 11%
Jim Bunning 11%
Jonas Frost III 11%
Ron Lewis 11%
James McCrery III 11%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 11%
Ronald Packard 11%
Joseph Skeen 11%
Robert Smith 11%
Floyd Spence 11%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 11%
Richard Hugh Baker 8%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 8%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 8%
Ray LaHood 8%
Jerry Lewis 8%
Jack Murtha 8%
Herbert Bateman 6%
Alan Mollohan 6%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 6%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 6%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.