Rating Group: Taxpayers for Common Sense

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 6%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 31%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 34%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 17%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 31%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 44%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 36%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 53%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 56%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 56%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 72%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 53%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 53%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 19%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 44%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 75%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 53%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 69%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 53%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 8%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 47%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 42%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 75%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 64%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 58%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 28%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 17%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 42%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 39%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 25%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 25%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 47%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 8%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 64%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 36%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 44%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 41%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 63%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 33%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 25%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 56%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 53%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 61%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 50%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 22%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 50%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 44%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 28%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 44%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 28%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 31%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 6%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 38%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 78%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 69%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 67%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 78%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 31%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 50%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 19%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 53%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 47%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 58%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 38%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 61%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 42%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 69%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 61%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 36%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 64%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 58%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 28%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 19%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 11%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 44%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 25%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 53%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 25%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 31%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 47%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 56%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 25%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 53%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 42%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 58%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 44%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 41%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 69%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 14%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 61%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 67%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 72%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 64%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 50%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 56%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 50%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 69%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 53%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 58%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 81%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 19%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 36%
OH Governor John Kasich R 67%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 42%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 38%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 34%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 44%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 14%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 69%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 67%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 75%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 56%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 56%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 33%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 59%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 19%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 78%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 33%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 47%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 31%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 72%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 19%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 31%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 25%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 22%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 19%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 19%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 17%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 33%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 25%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 36%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 17%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 25%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 72%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 22%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 36%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 50%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 47%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 28%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 56%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 72%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 41%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 19%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 61%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 53%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 83%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 83%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 72%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 86%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 56%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 28%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 31%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 38%
Gary Ackerman 33%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 31%
Wayne Allard 38%
Thomas Allen 61%
Rob Andrews 64%
Bill Archer 33%
Richard Armey 36%
John Ashcroft 44%
Henry Scott Baesler 19%
Richard Hugh Baker 8%
Cass Ballenger 28%
James Barcia 42%
Bob Barr, Jr. 42%
Bill Barrett 19%
Roscoe Bartlett 28%
Charlie Bass 58%
Herbert Bateman 6%
Max Baucus 31%
Bob Bennett 22%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 39%
Douglas Bereuter 28%
Howard Berman 42%
Marion Berry 36%
Brian Bilbray 39%
Michael Bilirakis 31%
Jeff Bingaman 34%
Rod Blagojevich 67%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 25%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
Kit Bond 19%
Henry Bonilla 11%
David Edward Bonior 53%
Robert Borski, Jr. 44%
Leonard Boswell 36%
Rick Boucher 31%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 22%
John Breaux 28%
George Brown, Jr. 44%
Richard Bryan 56%
Ed Bryant 28%
Dale Bumpers 63%
Jim Bunning 11%
Conrad Burns 22%
Dan Burton 28%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 44%
Herbert Callahan 25%
Ben Campbell 25%
Thomas Campbell 75%
Chris Cannon 39%
Julia Carson 64%
Mike Castle 61%
John Chafee 44%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 25%
Jon Lynn Christensen 47%
William Clay, Sr. 47%
Eva Clayton 44%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 28%
Robert Clement 36%
Michael Collins 42%
Larry Combest 25%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 50%
Merrill Cook 33%
John Cooksey 17%
Jerry Costello 58%
Paul Coverdell 22%
Christopher Cox 50%
William Coyne 61%
Larry Craig 34%
Robert Cramer 17%
Philip Crane 44%
Barbara Cubin 17%
Randall Cunningham 33%
Alfonse D'Amato 22%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Daschle 28%
James Davis 53%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Bill Delahunt 67%
Thomas DeLay 31%
Peter Deutsch 44%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 17%
Jay Dickey 22%
Norm Dicks 25%
Julian Dixon 25%
Chris Dodd 47%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 22%
Calvin Dooley 33%
John Doolittle 19%
Byron Dorgan 38%
David Dreier 22%
Jennifer Dunn 28%
Chet Edwards 19%
Vern Ehlers 47%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 42%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
Philip English 31%
John Ensign 61%
Bob Etheridge 28%
Lane Evans 64%
Terry Everett 14%
Thomas Ewing 17%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 34%
Harris Fawell 50%
Victor Fazio 19%
Russ Feingold 81%
Bob Filner 53%
Mark Foley 53%
Michael Patrick Forbes 28%
Harold Ford, Jr. 42%
Wendell Ford 31%
Tillie Fowler 28%
Jon David Fox 56%
Barney Frank 72%
Robert Franks 64%
William Frist 34%
Jonas Frost III 11%
Elizabeth Furse 56%
Elton Gallegly 19%
John Ganske 58%
Sam Gejdenson 56%
George Gekas 25%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 39%
Jim Gibbons 31%
Wayne Gilchrest 22%
Paul Gillmor 31%
Benjamin Gilman 28%
John Glenn 56%
Henry Gonzalez 19%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 39%
William Goodling 42%
Bart Gordon 31%
Slade Gorton 31%
Porter Goss 44%
Daniel Graham 44%
William Phillip Gramm 44%
Rodney Grams 34%
James Greenwood 50%
Judd Gregg 66%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Tony Hall 44%
Lee Hamilton 42%
James Hansen 17%
Jane Harman 44%
J. Dennis Hastert 25%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 42%
Joel Hefley 42%
W.G. Hefner 25%
Jesse Helms 31%
Wally Herger, Jr. 19%
Rick Hill 25%
Van Hilleary 31%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 36%
Maurice Hinchey 61%
David Lee Hobson 31%
Pete Hoekstra 75%
Thomas Holden 22%
Ernest Hollings 47%
Darlene Hooley 69%
Stephen Horn 44%
John Nathan Hostettler 36%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 25%
Kenny Hulshof 36%
Duncan Hunter 22%
Asa Hutchinson 36%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 44%
Kay Hutchison 41%
Henry Hyde 17%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 53%
Daniel Inouye 19%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 33%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 61%
William Jefferson 17%
James Merrill Jeffords 41%
William Lewis Jenkins 14%
Christopher John 14%
Jay Johnson 39%
Nancy Johnson 31%
Paul Kanjorski 61%
Sue Kelly 47%
Dirk Kempthorne 31%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 56%
Joseph Kennedy II 75%
Patrick Kennedy 53%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 50%
Bob Kerrey 59%
Dale Kildee 47%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 47%
Jay Kim 17%
Gerald Kleczka 67%
Ronald Klink 31%
Scott Klug 83%
Joseph Knollenberg 17%
Herb Kohl 78%
James Kolbe 31%
Dennis Kucinich 64%
Jon Kyl 50%
John LaFalce 58%
Ray LaHood 8%
Nicholas Lampson 44%
Tom Lantos 53%
Stephen Largent 50%
Steve LaTourette 19%
Frank Lautenberg 56%
Rick Lazio 50%
James Leach 64%
Jerry Lewis 8%
Ron Lewis 11%
Joe Lieberman 56%
John Linder 31%
William Lipinski 36%
Robert Livingston 14%
Trent Lott, Sr. 31%
Dick Lugar 38%
William Luther 92%
Connie Mack 31%
James Maloney 56%
Thomas Manton 22%
Don Manzullo 42%
Matthew Martinez 17%
Frank Mascara 42%
Robert Matsui 39%
Karen McCarthy 69%
Bill McCollum 28%
James McCrery III 11%
Joseph McDade 14%
Paul McHale 53%
John McHugh 28%
Scott McInnis 33%
David McIntosh 39%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 69%
Michael McNulty 58%
Martin Meehan 89%
Carrie Meek 25%
Jack Metcalf 28%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 36%
Dan Miller 64%
David Minge 72%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 50%
John Moakley 56%
Alan Mollohan 6%
Constance Morella 75%
Carol Moseley Braun 53%
Patrick Moynihan 50%
Frank Murkowski 19%
Jack Murtha 8%
Sue Myrick 28%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 25%
Mark Neumann 69%
Robert William Ney 25%
Don Nickles 44%
Anne Northup 17%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 42%
James Nussle 47%
Jim Oberstar 39%
Dave Obey 69%
John Olver 69%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 11%
Major Owens 61%
Michael Oxley 17%
Ronald Packard 11%
Michael Pappas 47%
Mike Parker 17%
Ron Paul 94%
William Paxon 39%
Donald Payne 61%
Edward Pease 28%
John Peterson 14%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 19%
Owen Pickett 19%
Richard Pombo 14%
Earl Pomeroy 31%
John Edward Porter 64%
Glenn Poshard 58%
Deborah Pryce 36%
Jack Quinn 33%
George Radanovich 22%
James Ramstad 89%
Bill Redmond 15%
Ralph Regula 22%
Silvestre Reyes 14%
Frank Riggs 33%
Bob Riley 14%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 78%
Charles Robb 59%
Ciro Rodriguez 19%
Timothy Roemer 64%
James Rogan 31%
William Roth, Jr. 38%
Steve Rothman 53%
Marge Roukema 69%
Jim Ryun 39%
Martin Olav Sabo 53%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 14%
Rick Santorum 34%
Paul Sarbanes 34%
Jim Saxton 22%
Joe Scarborough 47%
Daniel Schaefer 22%
Robert Schaffer 33%
John Shadegg 42%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 36%
Christopher Shays 89%
E.G. Shuster 28%
Norman Sisisky 23%
David Skaggs 47%
Joseph Skeen 11%
Ike Skelton 22%
Gordon Smith 38%
Linda Smith 41%
Nick Smith 53%
Robert Smith 11%
Bob Smith 41%
Vincent Snowbarger 31%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Vic Snyder 42%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 25%
Mark Souder 44%
Arlen Specter 28%
Floyd Spence 11%
John Spratt, Jr. 39%
Pete Stark 56%
Cliff Stearns 39%
Charles Stenholm 33%
Ted Stevens 22%
Louis Stokes 47%
Ted Strickland 58%
Bob Stump 25%
Bart Stupak 50%
John Sununu 58%
James Talent 42%
John Tanner 36%
Ellen Tauscher 64%
William Tauzin 14%
Charles Taylor 25%
Gene Taylor 39%
Craig Thomas 44%
William Thomas 19%
Fred Thompson 50%
Karen Thurman 22%
Strom Thurmond 25%
Todd Tiahrt 39%
Esteban Edward Torres 36%
Robert Torricelli 50%
Ed Towns 42%
James Traficant, Jr. 25%
James Turner 22%
Bruce Vento 75%
James Walsh 17%
Zach Wamp 47%
John Warner 34%
Wesley Watkins 19%
Mel Watt 44%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 28%
David Weldon 25%
W. Curtis Weldon 39%
Gerald Weller 14%
Paul Wellstone 66%
Robert Wexler 44%
Bob Weygand 61%
Rick White 39%
Bob Wise, Jr. 19%
Lynn Woolsey 67%
Albert Wynn 25%
Sidney Yates 44%
Bill Young 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.