Rating Group: United States Public Interest Research Group

1995-1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 5%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 17%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 16%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 79%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 11%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 84%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 84%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 89%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 5%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 89%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 16%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 89%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 26%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 89%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 95%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 84%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 5%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 89%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 37%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 11%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 21%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 42%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 5%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 32%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 79%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 11%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 11%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 89%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 5%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 84%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 95%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 84%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 89%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 11%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 11%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 21%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 16%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 79%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 84%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 84%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 16%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 37%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 89%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 89%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 89%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 32%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 89%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 6%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 94%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 21%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 11%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 58%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 89%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 42%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 89%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 72%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 32%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 95%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 95%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 74%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 84%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 95%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 89%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 95%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 21%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 5%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 79%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 84%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 26%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 28%
OH Governor John Kasich R 32%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 6%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 21%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 84%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 89%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 53%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 95%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 47%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 89%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 21%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 58%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 11%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 11%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 89%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 5%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 63%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 84%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
TX U.S. House-36 Steve Stockman R 11%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 6%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 84%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 26%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 74%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 37%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 95%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 94%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 37%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 32%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 95%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 79%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 89%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 6%
Gary Ackerman 84%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 94%
Wayne Allard 11%
Rob Andrews 68%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 11%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 42%
Richard Hugh Baker 5%
William Baker 5%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 42%
Bob Barr, Jr. 11%
Bill Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 21%
Charlie Bass 37%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 72%
Anthony Beilenson 100%
Bob Bennett 06%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 42%
Howard Berman 95%
Tom Bevill 32%
Brian Bilbray 32%
Michael Bilirakis 32%
Jeff Bingaman 78%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 5%
Peter Blute 53%
Sherwood Boehlert 74%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 5%
David Edward Bonior 89%
Sonny Bono 5%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Rick Boucher 74%
Bill Bradley 89%
John Breaux 33%
Bill Brewster 21%
Glen Browder 32%
George Brown, Jr. 79%
Hank Brown 6%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 5%
John Bryant 84%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Jim Bunn 16%
Jim Bunning 5%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 5%
Robert Byrd 83%
Herbert Callahan 5%
Ben Campbell 22%
Mike Castle 63%
John Chafee 67%
Jim Chapman 26%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 5%
Dick Chrysler 21%
William Clay, Sr. 95%
Eva Clayton 89%
Robert Clement 53%
William Clinger 5%
William Cohen 78%
Ronald Coleman 79%
Barbara-Rose Collins 63%
Cardiss Collins 79%
Michael Collins 11%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 32%
Kent Conrad 83%
Wes Cooley 11%
Jerry Costello 74%
Paul Coverdell 6%
Christopher Cox 11%
William Coyne 95%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 21%
Philip Crane 11%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 11%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 11%
Alfonse D'Amato 17%
Patsy Ann Danner 37%
Thomas Daschle 94%
Thomas Davis III 32%
E. Kika de la Garza 37%
Thomas DeLay 5%
Ronald Dellums 95%
Peter Deutsch 89%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 32%
Jay Dickey 16%
Norm Dicks 74%
Julian Dixon 89%
Chris Dodd 89%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 11%
Calvin Dooley 21%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 83%
Robert Dornan 16%
David Dreier 5%
Jennifer Dunn 21%
Chet Edwards 42%
Vern Ehlers 47%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 26%
Bill Emerson 5%
Philip English 26%
John Ensign 26%
Lane Evans 95%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 16%
Jim Exon 78%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 37%
Victor Fazio 53%
Russ Feingold 94%
Cleo Fields 63%
Jack Fields, Jr. 11%
Bob Filner 68%
Floyd Flake 84%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 32%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Mark Foley 21%
Michael Patrick Forbes 42%
Harold Ford, Sr. 89%
Wendell Ford 67%
Tillie Fowler 21%
Jon David Fox 58%
Barney Frank 89%
Gary Franks 42%
Robert Franks 53%
Dan Frisa 11%
William Frist 6%
Jonas Frost III 53%
David Funderburk 11%
Elizabeth Furse 89%
Elton Gallegly 11%
John Ganske 16%
Sam Gejdenson 95%
George Gekas 5%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 79%
Pete Geren 26%
Sam Gibbons 84%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
Paul Gillmor 26%
Benjamin Gilman 58%
John Glenn 94%
Henry Gonzalez 58%
William Goodling 26%
Bart Gordon 47%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 53%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 6%
Rodney Grams 0%
Enid Greene 21%
James Greenwood 63%
Judd Gregg 22%
Steven Gunderson 37%
Gilbert Gutknecht 21%
Tony Hall 79%
Lee Hamilton 47%
Melton Hancock 16%
James Hansen 11%
Jane Harman 68%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Mark Hatfield 11%
James Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 11%
Joel Hefley 16%
W.G. Hefner 42%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 11%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Van Hilleary 11%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 63%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 32%
Martin Hoke 26%
Thomas Holden 37%
Ernest Hollings 89%
Stephen Horn 58%
John Nathan Hostettler 11%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 32%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 11%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 11%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 11%
Daniel Inouye 72%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 21%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 84%
William Jefferson 58%
James Merrill Jeffords 72%
Nancy Johnson 47%
Harry Johnston 84%
J. Bennett Johnston 33%
Paul Kanjorski 95%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 33%
Sue Kelly 58%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 94%
Joseph Kennedy II 95%
Patrick Kennedy 84%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 84%
Bob Kerrey 67%
Dale Kildee 95%
Jay Kim 26%
Gerald Kleczka 79%
Ronald Klink 74%
Scott Klug 63%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 83%
James Kolbe 21%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 95%
Ray LaHood 21%
Tom Lantos 84%
Stephen Largent 16%
Steve LaTourette 42%
Greg Laughlin 5%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 58%
James Leach 53%
Jerry Lewis 11%
Ron Lewis 5%
Joe Lieberman 89%
Jim Lightfoot 0%
Blanche Lincoln 42%
John Linder 16%
William Lipinski 79%
Robert Livingston 0%
James Longley, Jr. 32%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 11%
William Luther 95%
Connie Mack 6%
Thomas Manton 84%
Don Manzullo 16%
Matthew Martinez 58%
Bill Martini 74%
Frank Mascara 74%
Robert Matsui 84%
Karen McCarthy 89%
Bill McCollum 11%
James McCrery III 5%
Joseph McDade 16%
Paul McHale 79%
John McHugh 16%
Scott McInnis 16%
David McIntosh 11%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 79%
Michael McNulty 63%
Martin Meehan 95%
Carrie Meek 89%
Jack Metcalf 21%
Jan Meyers 58%
Dan Miller 42%
David Minge 58%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 89%
John Moakley 47%
Susan Molinari 26%
Alan Mollohan 26%
G.V. Montgomery 0%
Carlos Moorhead 16%
Constance Morella 79%
Carol Moseley Braun 83%
Patrick Moynihan 83%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 53%
Sue Myrick 16%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 16%
Mark Neumann 26%
Robert William Ney 21%
Don Nickles 6%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 5%
Sam Nunn 83%
James Nussle 16%
Jim Oberstar 84%
Dave Obey 79%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 32%
Bill Orton 47%
Major Owens 95%
Michael Oxley 5%
Ronald Packard 11%
Mike Parker 0%
William Paxon 11%
Donald Payne 100%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 42%
Clay Pell 78%
Pete Peterson 42%
Owen Pickett 26%
Richard Pombo 5%
Earl Pomeroy 63%
John Edward Porter 63%
Glenn Poshard 47%
Larry Pressler 6%
Deborah Pryce 37%
David Pryor 94%
James Quillen 0%
Jack Quinn 47%
George Radanovich 11%
James Ramstad 63%
Ralph Regula 26%
Bill Richardson 79%
Frank Riggs 11%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 95%
Charles Robb 94%
Timothy Roemer 37%
Charles Rose III 53%
Toby Roth 21%
William Roth, Jr. 50%
Marge Roukema 53%
Martin Olav Sabo 84%
Rick Santorum 11%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 42%
Joe Scarborough 26%
Daniel Schaefer 5%
Steven Schiff 37%
Pat Schroeder 95%
Andrea Seastrand 16%
John Shadegg 16%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 42%
Christopher Shays 79%
E.G. Shuster 11%
Paul Simon 100%
Alan Simpson 17%
Norman Sisisky 21%
David Skaggs 89%
Joseph Skeen 5%
Ike Skelton 26%
Linda Smith 16%
Nick Smith 21%
Bob Smith 11%
Olympia Snowe 67%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 11%
Mark Souder 21%
Arlen Specter 61%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 63%
Pete Stark 74%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 16%
Ted Stevens 11%
Louis Stokes 89%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bob Stump 5%
Bart Stupak 58%
James Talent 16%
John Tanner 37%
Randy Tate 16%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 42%
Frank Tejeda 37%
Craig Thomas 6%
William Thomas 11%
Fred Thompson 22%
Ray Thornton 58%
Karen Thurman 47%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 5%
Peter Torkildsen 68%
Esteban Edward Torres 89%
Robert Torricelli 84%
Ed Towns 79%
James Traficant, Jr. 21%
Bruce Vento 89%
Harold Volkmer 42%
Barbara Vucanovich 5%
Robert Walker 11%
James Walsh 16%
Zach Wamp 16%
Michael Ward 74%
John Warner 17%
Mel Watt 89%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 16%
David Weldon 11%
W. Curtis Weldon 63%
Gerald Weller 0%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Rick White 32%
Pat Williams 63%
Charles Wilson 47%
Bob Wise, Jr. 79%
Lynn Woolsey 89%
Albert Wynn 84%
Sidney Yates 74%
Bill Young 32%
Bill Zeliff 21%
Richard Zimmer 68%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.