Rating Group: United States Public Interest Research Group

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 5%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 5%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 21%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 15%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 8%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 32%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 79%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 31%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 95%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 95%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 91%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 21%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 74%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 26%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 11%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 89%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 74%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 26%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 92%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 92%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 84%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 11%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 84%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 37%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 21%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 26%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 21%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 89%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 5%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 21%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 79%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 16%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 23%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 77%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 11%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 84%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 89%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 95%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 11%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 92%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 68%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 15%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 16%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 15%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 16%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 16%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 8%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 69%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 89%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 74%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 84%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 54%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 79%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 21%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 53%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 89%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 63%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 84%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 77%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 89%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 21%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 11%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 68%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 23%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 5%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 77%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 15%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 92%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 11%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 74%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 21%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 42%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 16%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 74%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 89%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 84%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 74%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 95%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 77%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 21%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 84%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 82%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 84%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 89%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 79%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 84%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 89%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 89%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 37%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 5%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 74%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 79%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 89%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 37%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 23%
OH Governor John Kasich R 37%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 16%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 15%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 5%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 95%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 85%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 50%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 74%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 42%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 16%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 92%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 63%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 84%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 16%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 77%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 26%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 21%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 11%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 11%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 5%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 5%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 16%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 11%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 53%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 68%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 11%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 53%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 68%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 5%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 89%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 8%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 68%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 11%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 95%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 32%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 77%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 16%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 89%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 89%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 92%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 95%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 42%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 47%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 58%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 69%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 15%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 38%
Gary Ackerman 95%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 77%
Wayne Allard 15%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 89%
Bill Archer 11%
Richard Armey 16%
John Ashcroft 15%
Richard Hugh Baker 11%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 53%
Bob Barr, Jr. 11%
Bill Barrett 16%
Roscoe Bartlett 16%
Charlie Bass 58%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 77%
Bob Bennett 15%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 21%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 26%
Brian Bilbray 68%
Michael Bilirakis 42%
Jeff Bingaman 85%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 5%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 11%
David Edward Bonior 84%
Mary Bono Mack 20%
Robert Borski, Jr. 79%
Leonard Boswell 42%
Rick Boucher 53%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 26%
John Breaux 54%
Richard Bryan 92%
Ed Bryant 11%
Jim Bunning 11%
Conrad Burns 15%
Dan Burton 5%
Steve Buyer 5%
Robert Byrd 62%
Herbert Callahan 11%
Ben Campbell 23%
Thomas Campbell 58%
Chris Cannon 16%
Julia Carson 89%
Mike Castle 79%
John Chafee 62%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 11%
William Clay, Sr. 74%
Eva Clayton 84%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 77%
Robert Clement 58%
Michael Collins 11%
Larry Combest 11%
Gary Condit 47%
Kent Conrad 62%
Merrill Cook 37%
John Cooksey 16%
Jerry Costello 79%
Paul Coverdell 15%
Christopher Cox 32%
William Coyne 89%
Larry Craig 15%
Robert Cramer 21%
Philip Crane 5%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 11%
Patsy Ann Danner 21%
Thomas Daschle 77%
James Davis 74%
Thomas Davis III 47%
Bill Delahunt 95%
Thomas DeLay 11%
Peter Deutsch 74%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 26%
Jay Dickey 11%
Norm Dicks 74%
Julian Dixon 84%
Chris Dodd 92%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 15%
Calvin Dooley 26%
John Doolittle 5%
Byron Dorgan 62%
David Dreier 11%
Jennifer Dunn 21%
Chet Edwards 37%
Vern Ehlers 68%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 16%
Jo Ann Emerson 16%
Philip English 37%
Bob Etheridge 58%
Lane Evans 95%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 37%
Russ Feingold 92%
Bob Filner 95%
Mark Foley 42%
Michael Patrick Forbes 74%
Harold Ford, Jr. 58%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 36%
Tillie Fowler 11%
Barney Frank 95%
Robert Franks 84%
William Frist 31%
Jonas Frost III 53%
Elton Gallegly 21%
John Ganske 53%
Sam Gejdenson 89%
George Gekas 21%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 79%
Jim Gibbons 21%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
Paul Gillmor 32%
Benjamin Gilman 79%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 16%
William Goodling 16%
Bart Gordon 53%
Slade Gorton 8%
Porter Goss 58%
Daniel Graham 77%
William Phillip Gramm 15%
Rodney Grams 15%
James Greenwood 68%
Judd Gregg 46%
Gilbert Gutknecht 32%
Tony Hall 68%
James Hansen 16%
J. Dennis Hastert 16%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 26%
Joel Hefley 16%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 11%
Rick Hill 21%
Van Hilleary 16%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 53%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 21%
Pete Hoekstra 32%
Thomas Holden 42%
Ernest Hollings 62%
Darlene Hooley 95%
Stephen Horn 79%
John Nathan Hostettler 5%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 32%
Kenny Hulshof 32%
Duncan Hunter 16%
Asa Hutchinson 11%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 23%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 16%
Daniel Inouye 62%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 95%
William Jefferson 58%
James Merrill Jeffords 69%
William Lewis Jenkins 5%
Christopher John 11%
Nancy Johnson 84%
Paul Kanjorski 68%
Sue Kelly 84%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 92%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Bob Kerrey 77%
Dale Kildee 79%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 74%
Gerald Kleczka 89%
Ronald Klink 53%
Joseph Knollenberg 11%
Herb Kohl 77%
James Kolbe 21%
Dennis Kucinich 89%
Jon Kyl 8%
John LaFalce 95%
Ray LaHood 21%
Nicholas Lampson 84%
Tom Lantos 95%
Stephen Largent 11%
Steve LaTourette 37%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 74%
James Leach 84%
Jerry Lewis 16%
Ron Lewis 5%
Joe Lieberman 92%
John Linder 5%
William Lipinski 68%
Trent Lott, Sr. 8%
Dick Lugar 15%
William Luther 89%
Connie Mack 8%
James Maloney 79%
Don Manzullo 26%
Matthew Martinez 58%
Frank Mascara 47%
Robert Matsui 84%
Karen McCarthy 84%
Bill McCollum 11%
James McCrery III 16%
John McHugh 37%
Scott McInnis 16%
David McIntosh 16%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 95%
Michael McNulty 79%
Martin Meehan 95%
Carrie Meek 79%
Jack Metcalf 42%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 84%
Dan Miller 37%
David Minge 74%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 84%
John Moakley 74%
Alan Mollohan 37%
Constance Morella 89%
Patrick Moynihan 69%
Frank Murkowski 8%
Jack Murtha 37%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 11%
Robert William Ney 16%
Don Nickles 15%
Anne Northup 11%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 5%
James Nussle 21%
Jim Oberstar 63%
Dave Obey 84%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 26%
Major Owens 95%
Michael Oxley 5%
Ronald Packard 16%
Ron Paul 37%
Donald Payne 89%
Edward Pease 37%
John Peterson 5%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 11%
Owen Pickett 16%
Richard Pombo 11%
Earl Pomeroy 32%
John Edward Porter 79%
Deborah Pryce 16%
Jack Quinn 63%
George Radanovich 5%
James Ramstad 84%
Ralph Regula 21%
Silvestre Reyes 53%
Bob Riley 5%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 69%
Ciro Rodriguez 53%
Timothy Roemer 68%
James Rogan 26%
William Roth, Jr. 62%
Steve Rothman 95%
Marge Roukema 84%
Jim Ryun 16%
Martin Olav Sabo 95%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 21%
Rick Santorum 15%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 74%
Joe Scarborough 32%
Robert Schaffer 0%
John Shadegg 11%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 32%
Christopher Shays 95%
E.G. Shuster 5%
Norman Sisisky 16%
Joseph Skeen 5%
Ike Skelton 26%
Gordon Smith 31%
Nick Smith 37%
Bob Smith 15%
Olympia Snowe 54%
Vic Snyder 79%
Mark Souder 21%
Arlen Specter 46%
Floyd Spence 11%
John Spratt, Jr. 74%
Pete Stark 89%
Cliff Stearns 16%
Charles Stenholm 16%
Ted Stevens 8%
Ted Strickland 58%
Bob Stump 11%
Bart Stupak 63%
John Sununu 37%
James Talent 26%
John Tanner 37%
Ellen Tauscher 95%
William Tauzin 5%
Charles Taylor 16%
Gene Taylor 32%
Craig Thomas 15%
William Thomas 5%
Fred Thompson 31%
Karen Thurman 58%
Strom Thurmond 8%
Todd Tiahrt 16%
Robert Torricelli 85%
Ed Towns 89%
James Traficant, Jr. 11%
James Turner 21%
Bruce Vento 95%
James Walsh 63%
Zach Wamp 26%
John Warner 23%
Wesley Watkins 16%
Mel Watt 79%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 11%
David Weldon 16%
W. Curtis Weldon 58%
Gerald Weller 32%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 95%
Bob Weygand 84%
Heather Wilson 25%
Bob Wise, Jr. 58%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 68%
Bill Young 16%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.