Rating Group: United States Public Interest Research Group

1999-2000 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 80%
Rob Andrews 85%
Bill Archer 15%
Richard Armey 5%
John Ashcroft 0%
Brian Baird 75%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 15%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
Charlie Bass 35%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 73%
Evan Bayh 73%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 65%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Shelley Berkley 65%
Howard Berman 80%
Marion Berry 40%
Judy Biggert 15%
Brian Bilbray 60%
Michael Bilirakis 10%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Rod Blagojevich 85%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 55%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 5%
David Edward Bonior 95%
Mary Bono Mack 5%
Robert Borski, Jr. 85%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 65%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 27%
Richard Bryan 80%
Ed Bryant 5%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 5%
Robert Byrd 47%
Herbert Callahan 5%
Ben Campbell 7%
Thomas Campbell 55%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
Chris Cannon 10%
Julia Carson 85%
Mike Castle 60%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 95%
Eva Clayton 80%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 73%
Robert Clement 40%
Michael Collins 15%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 45%
Kent Conrad 60%
Merrill Cook 25%
John Cooksey 15%
Jerry Costello 70%
Christopher Cox 5%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 25%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 10%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 60%
James Davis 65%
Thomas Davis III 15%
Bill Delahunt 95%
Thomas DeLay 5%
James DeMint 5%
Peter Deutsch 80%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 30%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 80%
Julian Dixon 95%
Chris Dodd 87%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 45%
John Doolittle 15%
Byron Dorgan 80%
David Dreier 5%
Jennifer Dunn 5%
John Edwards 67%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 20%
Jo Ann Emerson 10%
Philip English 20%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Lane Evans 95%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 10%
Russ Feingold 93%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Ernest Fletcher 10%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 80%
Harold Ford, Jr. 75%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 20%
Tillie Fowler 10%
Barney Frank 85%
Robert Franks 50%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 60%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 30%
Sam Gejdenson 90%
George Gekas 5%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 85%
Jim Gibbons 15%
Wayne Gilchrest 45%
Paul Gillmor 10%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Charlie Gonzalez 85%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 20%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 45%
Slade Gorton 7%
Porter Goss 25%
Daniel Graham 73%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 7%
Mark Green 10%
James Greenwood 40%
Judd Gregg 27%
Gilbert Gutknecht 5%
Tony Hall 70%
James Hansen 10%
Robert Hayes 10%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 10%
Joel Hefley 20%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Baron Hill 45%
Rick Hill 10%
Van Hilleary 15%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 70%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 90%
Pete Hoekstra 10%
Thomas Holden 45%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Darlene Hooley 80%
Stephen Horn 45%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 20%
Kenny Hulshof 25%
Duncan Hunter 15%
Asa Hutchinson 5%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 7%
Kay Hutchison 7%
Henry Hyde 5%
Daniel Inouye 53%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 55%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 15%
Christopher John 10%
Nancy Johnson 45%
Paul Kanjorski 80%
Sue Kelly 65%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 73%
Patrick Kennedy 90%
Bob Kerrey 67%
Dale Kildee 95%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90%
Gerald Kleczka 95%
Ronald Klink 60%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 53%
James Kolbe 10%
Dennis Kucinich 95%
Steven Kuykendall 30%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 95%
Ray LaHood 20%
Nicholas Lampson 75%
Tom Lantos 90%
Stephen Largent 5%
Steve LaTourette 25%
Frank Lautenberg 73%
Rick Lazio 55%
James Leach 45%
Jerry Lewis 5%
Ron Lewis 5%
Joe Lieberman 87%
Blanche Lincoln 27%
John Linder 5%
William Lipinski 65%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 13%
William Luther 85%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 70%
Don Manzullo 10%
Matthew Martinez 70%
Frank Mascara 60%
Robert Matsui 95%
Karen McCarthy 80%
Bill McCollum 15%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 35%
Scott McInnis 15%
David McIntosh 10%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 95%
Michael McNulty 80%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 80%
Jack Metcalf 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 95%
Dan Miller 15%
David Minge 75%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 95%
John Moakley 90%
Alan Mollohan 50%
Dennis Moore 75%
Constance Morella 75%
Patrick Moynihan 60%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 40%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 20%
Robert William Ney 10%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 5%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 10%
James Nussle 5%
Jim Oberstar 75%
Dave Obey 95%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 55%
Doug Ose 10%
Major Owens 95%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Ron Paul 35%
Donald Payne 95%
Edward Pease 15%
John Peterson 0%
David Phelps 65%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 5%
Owen Pickett 35%
Richard Pombo 5%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
John Edward Porter 40%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Jack Quinn 45%
George Radanovich 10%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 20%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Thomas Reynolds 25%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 65%
Charles Robb 67%
Ciro Rodriguez 90%
Timothy Roemer 65%
James Rogan 5%
William Roth, Jr. 47%
Steve Rothman 80%
Marge Roukema 50%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 85%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 30%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 87%
Jim Saxton 55%
Joe Scarborough 15%
Robert Schaffer 5%
John Shadegg 10%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 10%
Christopher Shays 80%
Donald Sherwood 15%
Ronnie Shows 45%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Norman Sisisky 20%
Joseph Skeen 10%
Ike Skelton 55%
Gordon Smith 20%
Nick Smith 15%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 70%
Mark Souder 10%
Arlen Specter 33%
Floyd Spence 15%
John Spratt, Jr. 65%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 20%
Ted Stevens 0%
Ted Strickland 65%
Bob Stump 5%
Bart Stupak 85%
John Sununu 15%
John Sweeney 10%
James Talent 15%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 30%
Ellen Tauscher 75%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 40%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 0%
Fred Thompson 7%
Karen Thurman 65%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 73%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 40%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 85%
James Turner 50%
Bruce Vento 80%
George Voinovich 7%
James Walsh 35%
Zach Wamp 25%
John Warner 13%
Wesley Watkins 5%
Mel Watt 85%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 5%
Anthony Weiner 90%
David Weldon 10%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 10%
Paul Wellstone 87%
Robert Wexler 90%
Bob Weygand 75%
Heather Wilson 5%
Bob Wise, Jr. 55%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 80%
Albert Wynn 70%
Bill Young 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 75%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 80%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 73%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 93%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 80%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 85%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 90%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 80%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 80%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 33%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 85%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 90%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 85%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 90%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 90%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 50%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 87%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 95%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 95%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 87%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 70%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 85%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 93%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 65%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 90%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 60%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 95%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 70%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 73%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 80%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 87%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 70%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 40%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 85%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 73%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 67%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 90%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 80%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 80%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 25%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 65%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 70%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 70%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 95%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 75%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 90%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 73%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 55%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 73%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 80%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 80%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 85%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 75%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 70%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 93%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 67%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 80%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 70%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 75%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 90%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 87%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 75%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 90%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 85%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 80%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 70%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 95%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 95%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 90%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 85%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 85%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 87%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 45%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 5%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 20%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 10%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 10%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 33%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 5%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 25%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 20%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 40%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 20%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 7%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 10%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 25%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 10%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 7%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 7%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 10%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 12%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 20%
OH Governor John Kasich R 10%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 30%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 5%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 5%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 45%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 5%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 10%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 20%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 10%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 30%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 10%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 10%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 5%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 20%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 5%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 30%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 7%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 5%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 20%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 15%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 25%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 30%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 6%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 10%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 30%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 5%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.