Rating Group: United States Public Interest Research Group

1999-2000 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 73%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 7%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 20%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 87%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 93%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 7%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 93%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 87%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 40%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 6%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 73%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 80%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 40%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 67%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 80%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 90%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 90%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 67%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 87%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 90%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 30%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 30%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 87%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 25%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 93%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 25%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 73%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 15%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 73%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 73%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 80%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 80%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 5%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 5%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 20%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 5%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 75%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 70%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 90%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 95%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 95%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 80%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 80%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 10%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 90%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 80%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 5%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 10%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 85%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 85%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 65%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 5%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 5%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 70%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 85%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 95%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 90%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 5%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 85%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 5%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 10%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 80%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 95%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 95%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 60%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 5%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 30%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 90%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 45%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 20%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 70%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 20%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 20%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 45%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 85%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 90%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 30%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 70%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 75%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 85%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 65%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 90%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 95%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 80%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 85%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 25%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 5%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 10%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 80%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 85%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 80%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 90%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 50%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 10%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 30%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 85%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 10%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 10%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 10%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 10%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 70%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 75%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 10%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 90%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 75%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 10%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 55%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 30%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 70%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 80%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 20%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 70%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 10%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 20%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 20%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 33%
OH Governor John Kasich R 10%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 33%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 95%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 7%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 7%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 87%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 25%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 90%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 75%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 85%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 80%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 80%
Rob Andrews 85%
Bill Archer 15%
Richard Armey 5%
John Ashcroft 0%
Brian Baird 75%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 15%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
Charlie Bass 35%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 73%
Evan Bayh 73%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 65%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Shelley Berkley 65%
Howard Berman 80%
Marion Berry 40%
Judy Biggert 15%
Brian Bilbray 60%
Michael Bilirakis 10%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Rod Blagojevich 85%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 55%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 5%
David Edward Bonior 95%
Mary Bono Mack 5%
Robert Borski, Jr. 85%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 65%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 27%
Richard Bryan 80%
Ed Bryant 5%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 5%
Robert Byrd 47%
Herbert Callahan 5%
Ben Campbell 7%
Thomas Campbell 55%
Chris Cannon 10%
Julia Carson 85%
Mike Castle 60%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 95%
Eva Clayton 80%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 73%
Robert Clement 40%
Michael Collins 15%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 45%
Kent Conrad 60%
Merrill Cook 25%
John Cooksey 15%
Jerry Costello 70%
Christopher Cox 5%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 25%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 10%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 60%
James Davis 65%
Thomas Davis III 15%
Bill Delahunt 95%
Thomas DeLay 5%
James DeMint 5%
Peter Deutsch 80%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 30%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 80%
Julian Dixon 95%
Chris Dodd 87%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 45%
John Doolittle 15%
Byron Dorgan 80%
David Dreier 5%
Jennifer Dunn 5%
John Edwards 67%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 20%
Jo Ann Emerson 10%
Philip English 20%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Lane Evans 95%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 10%
Russ Feingold 93%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Ernest Fletcher 10%
Mark Foley 45%
Michael Patrick Forbes 80%
Harold Ford, Jr. 75%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 20%
Tillie Fowler 10%
Barney Frank 85%
Robert Franks 50%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 60%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 30%
Sam Gejdenson 90%
George Gekas 5%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 85%
Jim Gibbons 15%
Wayne Gilchrest 45%
Paul Gillmor 10%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Charlie Gonzalez 85%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 20%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 45%
Slade Gorton 7%
Porter Goss 25%
Daniel Graham 73%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 7%
Mark Green 10%
James Greenwood 40%
Judd Gregg 27%
Gilbert Gutknecht 5%
Tony Hall 70%
James Hansen 10%
Robert Hayes 10%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 10%
Joel Hefley 20%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Baron Hill 45%
Rick Hill 10%
Van Hilleary 15%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 70%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 10%
Thomas Holden 45%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Darlene Hooley 80%
Stephen Horn 45%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 20%
Kenny Hulshof 25%
Duncan Hunter 15%
Asa Hutchinson 5%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 7%
Kay Hutchison 7%
Henry Hyde 5%
Daniel Inouye 53%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 55%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 15%
Christopher John 10%
Nancy Johnson 45%
Paul Kanjorski 80%
Sue Kelly 65%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 73%
Patrick Kennedy 90%
Bob Kerrey 67%
Dale Kildee 95%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90%
Gerald Kleczka 95%
Ronald Klink 60%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 53%
James Kolbe 10%
Dennis Kucinich 95%
Steven Kuykendall 30%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 95%
Ray LaHood 20%
Nicholas Lampson 75%
Tom Lantos 90%
Stephen Largent 5%
Steve LaTourette 25%
Frank Lautenberg 73%
Rick Lazio 55%
James Leach 45%
Jerry Lewis 5%
Ron Lewis 5%
Joe Lieberman 87%
Blanche Lincoln 27%
John Linder 5%
William Lipinski 65%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 13%
William Luther 85%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 70%
Don Manzullo 10%
Matthew Martinez 70%
Frank Mascara 60%
Robert Matsui 95%
Karen McCarthy 80%
Bill McCollum 15%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 35%
Scott McInnis 15%
David McIntosh 10%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 95%
Michael McNulty 80%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 80%
Jack Metcalf 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 95%
Dan Miller 15%
David Minge 75%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 95%
John Moakley 90%
Alan Mollohan 50%
Dennis Moore 75%
Constance Morella 75%
Patrick Moynihan 60%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 40%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 20%
Robert William Ney 10%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 5%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 10%
James Nussle 5%
Jim Oberstar 75%
Dave Obey 95%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 55%
Doug Ose 10%
Major Owens 95%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Ron Paul 35%
Donald Payne 95%
Edward Pease 15%
John Peterson 0%
David Phelps 65%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 5%
Owen Pickett 35%
Richard Pombo 5%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
John Edward Porter 40%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Jack Quinn 45%
George Radanovich 10%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 20%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Thomas Reynolds 25%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 65%
Charles Robb 67%
Ciro Rodriguez 90%
Timothy Roemer 65%
James Rogan 5%
William Roth, Jr. 47%
Steve Rothman 80%
Marge Roukema 50%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 85%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 30%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 87%
Jim Saxton 55%
Joe Scarborough 15%
Robert Schaffer 5%
John Shadegg 10%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 10%
Christopher Shays 80%
Donald Sherwood 15%
Ronnie Shows 45%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Norman Sisisky 20%
Joseph Skeen 10%
Ike Skelton 55%
Gordon Smith 20%
Nick Smith 15%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 70%
Mark Souder 10%
Arlen Specter 33%
Floyd Spence 15%
John Spratt, Jr. 65%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 20%
Ted Stevens 0%
Ted Strickland 65%
Bob Stump 5%
Bart Stupak 85%
John Sununu 15%
John Sweeney 10%
James Talent 15%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 30%
Ellen Tauscher 75%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 40%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 0%
Fred Thompson 7%
Karen Thurman 65%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 73%
Ed Towns 90%
James Traficant, Jr. 40%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 85%
James Turner 50%
Bruce Vento 80%
George Voinovich 7%
James Walsh 35%
Zach Wamp 25%
John Warner 13%
Wesley Watkins 5%
Mel Watt 85%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 5%
Anthony Weiner 90%
David Weldon 10%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 10%
Paul Wellstone 87%
Robert Wexler 90%
Bob Weygand 75%
Heather Wilson 5%
Bob Wise, Jr. 55%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 80%
Albert Wynn 70%
Bill Young 10%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.