Rating Group: Campaign for a Color Blind America

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 0%
Gary Ackerman 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 0%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 75%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 75%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 0%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
Bill Barrett 50%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 75%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 75%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 0%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 0%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Michael Bilirakis 75%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
Rod Blagojevich 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 75%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 75%
Sherwood Boehlert 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 75%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Rick Boucher 0%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
Ed Bryant 75%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 50%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 75%
Herbert Callahan 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 75%
Thomas Campbell 100%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 100%
Chris Cannon 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 75%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 0%
Robert Clement 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
Merrill Cook 75%
John Cooksey 100%
Jerry Costello 0%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 0%
Robert Cramer 0%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 75%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
Randall Cunningham 75%
Patsy Ann Danner 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
James Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 25%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 75%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
Bill Delahunt 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Peter Deutsch 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Jay Dickey 33%
Norm Dicks 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 0%
David Dreier 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
Jennifer Dunn 75%
Chet Edwards 0%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 100%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
Philip English 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
Bob Etheridge 0%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 50%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 100%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 75%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
Jonas Frost III 0%
Elton Gallegly 75%
John Ganske 75%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 25%
Wayne Gilchrest 25%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Benjamin Gilman 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
William Goodling 75%
Bart Gordon 0%
Porter Goss 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 75%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 0%
James Greenwood 75%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 100%
Van Hilleary 75%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
David Lee Hobson 50%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 0%
Darlene Hooley 0%
Stephen Horn 75%
John Nathan Hostettler 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 75%
Henry Hyde 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
William Jefferson 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
Nancy Johnson 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 0%
OH Governor John Kasich R 100%
Sue Kelly 0%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Ronald Klink 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 75%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
John LaFalce 0%
Ray LaHood 25%
Nicholas Lampson 0%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 66%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 75%
Steve LaTourette 0%
Rick Lazio 25%
James Leach 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
Jerry Lewis 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
Ron Lewis 100%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 66%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 75%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 75%
William Luther 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
James Maloney 0%
Don Manzullo 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
Matthew Martinez 0%
Frank Mascara 0%
Robert Matsui 25%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 0%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Bill McCollum 100%
James McCrery III 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
John McHugh 75%
Scott McInnis 100%
David McIntosh 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 0%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
Jack Metcalf 75%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 75%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
David Minge 0%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 0%
Alan Mollohan 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 25%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 50%
Constance Morella 0%
Jack Murtha 0%
Sue Myrick 75%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 25%
Anne Northup 75%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 25%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 75%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 75%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
John Peterson 75%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 75%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 0%
John Edward Porter 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 75%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
Deborah Pryce 33%
Jack Quinn 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 0%
James Ramstad 75%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
Ralph Regula 50%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 0%
James Rogan 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 33%
Steve Rothman 0%
Marge Roukema 75%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 75%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 100%
Robert Schaffer 75%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
E.G. Shuster 50%
Norman Sisisky 0%
Joseph Skeen 25%
Ike Skelton 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
Nick Smith 25%
Vic Snyder 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 25%
Ted Strickland 0%
Bob Stump 100%
Bart Stupak 0%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 75%
John Tanner 0%
Ellen Tauscher 0%
William Tauzin 75%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 100%
William Thomas 75%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 75%
Karen Thurman 0%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 0%
James Turner 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
Bruce Vento 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
James Walsh 25%
Zach Wamp 75%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
Wesley Watkins 75%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
David Weldon 75%
W. Curtis Weldon 50%
Gerald Weller 100%
Robert Wexler 0%
Bob Weygand 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
Heather Wilson 75%
Bob Wise, Jr. 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 50%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 100%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.