Rating Group: Campaign for a Color Blind America

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 50%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 33%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 75%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 50%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 75%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 75%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 75%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 0%
OH Governor John Kasich R 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 75%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 75%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 75%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 75%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 75%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 75%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 0%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
Neil Abercrombie 0%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 0%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 75%
Spencer Bachus 75%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 0%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 50%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 75%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 0%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 0%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Michael Bilirakis 75%
Rod Blagojevich 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 75%
Sherwood Boehlert 0%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Rick Boucher 0%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 0%
Ed Bryant 75%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 75%
Herbert Callahan 100%
Dave Camp 75%
Thomas Campbell 100%
Chris Cannon 100%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 0%
Saxby Chambliss 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 75%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 0%
Robert Clement 0%
Howard Coble 100%
Thomas Coburn 100%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 0%
Merrill Cook 75%
John Cooksey 100%
Jerry Costello 0%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 0%
Robert Cramer 0%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 75%
Randall Cunningham 75%
Patsy Ann Danner 0%
James Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Peter Deutsch 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Jay Dickey 33%
Norm Dicks 0%
John Dingell 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 100%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 75%
Chet Edwards 0%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 100%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
Philip English 0%
Bob Etheridge 0%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 50%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 100%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 75%
Jonas Frost III 0%
Elton Gallegly 75%
John Ganske 75%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 25%
Wayne Gilchrest 25%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Benjamin Gilman 0%
William Goodling 75%
Bart Gordon 0%
Porter Goss 100%
James Greenwood 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
James Hansen 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 75%
Doc Hastings 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 100%
Van Hilleary 75%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 50%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 0%
Darlene Hooley 0%
Stephen Horn 75%
John Nathan Hostettler 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Asa Hutchinson 75%
Henry Hyde 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 0%
Nancy Johnson 0%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
Sue Kelly 0%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Jack Kingston 100%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Ronald Klink 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 75%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
John LaFalce 0%
Ray LaHood 25%
Nicholas Lampson 0%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 66%
Tom Latham 75%
Steve LaTourette 0%
Rick Lazio 25%
James Leach 0%
Jerry Lewis 50%
Ron Lewis 100%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 66%
William Luther 0%
James Maloney 0%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 0%
Frank Mascara 0%
Robert Matsui 25%
Carolyn McCarthy 0%
Karen McCarthy 0%
Bill McCollum 100%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 75%
Scott McInnis 100%
David McIntosh 100%
Mike McIntyre 0%
Buck McKeon 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 75%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 100%
George Miller 0%
David Minge 0%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 0%
Alan Mollohan 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 25%
Constance Morella 0%
Jack Murtha 0%
Sue Myrick 75%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 25%
Anne Northup 75%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 25%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 0%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 75%
Ed Pastor 0%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 75%
John Peterson 75%
Tom Petri 75%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 0%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 0%
John Edward Porter 75%
Deborah Pryce 33%
Jack Quinn 0%
Nick Rahall II 0%
James Ramstad 75%
Ralph Regula 50%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 0%
James Rogan 100%
Steve Rothman 0%
Marge Roukema 75%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 0%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 100%
Robert Schaffer 75%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 0%
E.G. Shuster 50%
Norman Sisisky 0%
Joseph Skeen 25%
Ike Skelton 0%
Nick Smith 25%
Vic Snyder 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 25%
Ted Strickland 0%
Bob Stump 100%
Bart Stupak 0%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 75%
John Tanner 0%
Ellen Tauscher 0%
William Tauzin 75%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 100%
William Thomas 75%
Karen Thurman 0%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
John Tierney 0%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 0%
James Turner 0%
Bruce Vento 0%
James Walsh 25%
Zach Wamp 75%
Wesley Watkins 75%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Henry Waxman 0%
David Weldon 75%
W. Curtis Weldon 50%
Gerald Weller 100%
Robert Wexler 0%
Bob Weygand 0%
Heather Wilson 75%
Bob Wise, Jr. 0%
Frank Wolf 50%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.