Rating Group: National Association of Social Workers

1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 30%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 10%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 11%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CO Commissioner-2 Scott McInnis 10%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 70%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 20%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 80%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 60%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 30%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 10%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 10%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 60%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 90%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large Joseph Baldacci D 80%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 10%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 33%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 20%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 80%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 10%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 20%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 20%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 90%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 60%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 20%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 90%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 50%
OH Governor John Kasich R 20%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 90%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 30%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 10%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 40%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 90%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 10%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 20%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 90%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 90%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 20%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 20%
Gary Ackerman 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 90%
Wayne Allard 10%
Rob Andrews 90%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 10%
Henry Scott Baesler 70%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 60%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman 20%
Max Baucus 70%
Bob Bennett 20%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 80%
Douglas Bereuter 30%
Howard Berman 100%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 10%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 20%
Sherwood Boehlert 50%
Kit Bond 10%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 90%
Robert Borski, Jr. 80%
Rick Boucher 80%
John Breaux 50%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 60%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 100%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 30%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 10%
Robert Byrd 80%
Herbert Callahan 10%
Dave Camp 10%
Ben Campbell 29%
Thomas Campbell 40%
Mike Castle 20%
John Chafee 50%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Robert Clement 40%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 10%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 30%
Kent Conrad 70%
Jerry Costello 40%
Paul Coverdell 20%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 10%
Robert Cramer 40%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 11%
Alfonse D'Amato 30%
Patsy Ann Danner 30%
Thomas Daschle 80%
Thomas Davis III 10%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 60%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 50%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 90%
John Dingell 70%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 80%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 30%
Calvin Dooley 90%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 70%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 70%
Vern Ehlers 11%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Philip English 30%
John Ensign 20%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 10%
Harris Fawell 30%
Victor Fazio 90%
Russ Feingold 80%
Bob Filner 100%
Thomas Foglietta 90%
Mark Foley 20%
Michael Patrick Forbes 22%
Wendell Ford 60%
Tillie Fowler 10%
Jon David Fox 30%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 20%
William Frist 10%
Jonas Frost III 70%
Elizabeth Furse 80%
Elton Gallegly 11%
John Ganske 20%
Sam Gejdenson 89%
George Gekas 10%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 90%
Wayne Gilchrest 30%
Paul Gillmor 20%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 100%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 40%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 90%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 10%
James Greenwood 30%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 10%
Ralph Hall 10%
Tony Hall 60%
Lee Hamilton 30%
James Hansen 10%
Tom Harkin 80%
Jane Harman 80%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 10%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 60%
Jesse Helms 30%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Van Hilleary 10%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 90%
Maurice Hinchey 90%
David Lee Hobson 10%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 33%
Ernest Hollings 60%
Stephen Horn 30%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 40%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 20%
Henry Hyde 10%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 89%
James Merrill Jeffords 70%
Nancy Johnson 40%
Timothy Johnson 40%
Paul Kanjorski 60%
Sue Kelly 20%
Dirk Kempthorne 10%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 80%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 90%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 90%
Bob Kerrey 90%
Dale Kildee 80%
Jay Kim 0%
Jack Kingston 0%
Gerald Kleczka 70%
Ronald Klink 50%
Scott Klug 20%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 60%
James Kolbe 30%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 90%
Ray LaHood 10%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 20%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 20%
James Leach 50%
Carl Levin 70%
Jerry Lewis 25%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 60%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 40%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 40%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 80%
Connie Mack 13%
Thomas Manton 70%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 90%
Frank Mascara 40%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 90%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 10%
Joseph McDade 33%
Paul McHale 40%
John McHugh 10%
David McIntosh 0%
Buck McKeon 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 78%
Martin Meehan 90%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 10%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 11%
George Miller 100%
David Minge 60%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 88%
Alan Mollohan 80%
Jim Moran, Jr. 70%
Constance Morella 60%
Carol Moseley Braun 90%
Patrick Moynihan 80%
Frank Murkowski 11%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 10%
Robert William Ney 10%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 80%
Dave Obey 70%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 80%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ronald Packard 0%
Mike Parker 10%
Ed Pastor 100%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Tom Petri 10%
Owen Pickett 40%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 80%
John Edward Porter 22%
Glenn Poshard 40%
Deborah Pryce 20%
Jack Quinn 40%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 80%
James Ramstad 20%
Ralph Regula 20%
Frank Riggs 20%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 90%
Charles Robb 80%
Jay Rockefeller IV 60%
Timothy Roemer 40%
William Roth, Jr. 20%
Marge Roukema 44%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Rick Santorum 30%
Paul Sarbanes 90%
Jim Saxton 30%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 56%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 11%
Christopher Shays 40%
E.G. Shuster 10%
Norman Sisisky 20%
David Skaggs 90%
Joseph Skeen 10%
Ike Skelton 30%
Linda Smith 11%
Nick Smith 0%
Bob Smith 10%
Olympia Snowe 70%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 10%
Mark Souder 10%
Arlen Specter 60%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 20%
Ted Stevens 30%
Louis Stokes 100%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 60%
James Talent 0%
John Tanner 44%
William Tauzin 20%
Charles Taylor 10%
Gene Taylor 10%
Craig Thomas 22%
William Thomas 10%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 80%
Strom Thurmond 20%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 56%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 40%
Bruce Vento 90%
James Walsh 10%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 40%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 10%
Henry Waxman 100%
David Weldon 10%
W. Curtis Weldon 13%
Gerald Weller 30%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Rick White 20%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
Frank Wolf 0%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 90%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 29%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.