Rating Group: Federation for American Immigration Reform

1996 Positions

Issues: Immigration
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 75%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 50%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 50%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 25%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 75%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 50%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 75%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 25%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 75%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 75%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 75%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 25%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 25%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 75%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 25%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 25%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 25%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 25%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 75%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 25%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 25%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 25%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 25%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 75%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 25%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 50%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 25%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 33%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 25%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 25%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 75%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 75%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 50%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 25%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 50%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 75%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 25%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 25%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 50%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 50%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 25%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 50%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 25%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 25%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 75%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 75%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 25%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 25%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 67%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 50%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 50%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 25%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 25%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 75%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 25%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 25%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 25%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 25%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 50%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 50%
OH Governor John Kasich R 67%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 25%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 25%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 25%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 25%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 50%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 50%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 50%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 75%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 25%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 50%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 50%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 50%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 50%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 25%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 50%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 25%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 50%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 50%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 25%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 50%
Gary Ackerman 50%
Rob Andrews 50%
Bill Archer 50%
Richard Armey 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 25%
Richard Hugh Baker 50%
Cass Ballenger 25%
James Barcia 25%
Bob Barr, Jr. 50%
Bill Barrett 25%
Roscoe Bartlett 25%
Charlie Bass 50%
Herbert Bateman 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 25%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 75%
Brian Bilbray 100%
Michael Bilirakis 75%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 50%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 25%
Sonny Bono 75%
Robert Borski, Jr. 50%
Rick Boucher 25%
George Brown, Jr. 50%
Ed Bryant 50%
Jim Bunning 25%
Dan Burton 75%
Steve Buyer 50%
Herbert Callahan 25%
Thomas Campbell 50%
Mike Castle 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 25%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 50%
Robert Clement 75%
Michael Collins 25%
Larry Combest 25%
Gary Condit 50%
Jerry Costello 25%
Christopher Cox 25%
William Coyne 25%
Robert Cramer 25%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 25%
Randall Cunningham 75%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Thomas DeLay 25%
Ronald Dellums 25%
Peter Deutsch 25%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 25%
Norm Dicks 50%
Julian Dixon 50%
Calvin Dooley 0%
John Doolittle 25%
David Dreier 75%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 50%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 75%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 0%
Lane Evans 25%
Terry Everett 25%
Thomas Ewing 50%
Harris Fawell 50%
Victor Fazio 0%
Bob Filner 25%
Floyd Flake 25%
Thomas Foglietta 50%
Mark Foley 100%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Tillie Fowler 75%
Jon David Fox 25%
Barney Frank 75%
Robert Franks 50%
Jonas Frost III 50%
Elizabeth Furse 50%
Elton Gallegly 75%
John Ganske 75%
Sam Gejdenson 75%
George Gekas 50%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 50%
Wayne Gilchrest 100%
Paul Gillmor 50%
Benjamin Gilman 25%
Henry Gonzalez 25%
William Goodling 0%
Bart Gordon 0%
Porter Goss 100%
James Greenwood 50%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Tony Hall 25%
Lee Hamilton 0%
James Hansen 0%
Jane Harman 50%
J. Dennis Hastert 25%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 50%
W.G. Hefner 25%
Wally Herger, Jr. 25%
Van Hilleary 25%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 25%
Maurice Hinchey 50%
David Lee Hobson 50%
Pete Hoekstra 25%
Thomas Holden 75%
Stephen Horn 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Duncan Hunter 100%
Henry Hyde 75%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 25%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 75%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 25%
William Jefferson 25%
Nancy Johnson 0%
Paul Kanjorski 50%
Sue Kelly 25%
Joseph Kennedy II 67%
Patrick Kennedy 50%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 25%
Dale Kildee 50%
Jay Kim 50%
Gerald Kleczka 25%
Ronald Klink 50%
Scott Klug 25%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
James Kolbe 50%
John LaFalce 50%
Ray LaHood 0%
Tom Lantos 50%
Stephen Largent 75%
Steve LaTourette 25%
Rick Lazio 0%
James Leach 100%
Jerry Lewis 25%
Ron Lewis 25%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 50%
Robert Livingston 0%
William Luther 25%
Thomas Manton 75%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 75%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 50%
Karen McCarthy 25%
Bill McCollum 75%
James McCrery III 25%
Joseph McDade 25%
Paul McHale 50%
John McHugh 25%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 75%
Michael McNulty 50%
Martin Meehan 67%
Carrie Meek 25%
Jack Metcalf 50%
Dan Miller 0%
David Minge 67%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 50%
Susan Molinari 75%
Alan Mollohan 50%
Constance Morella 0%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 25%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 25%
Mark Neumann 25%
Robert William Ney 50%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 50%
James Nussle 25%
Jim Oberstar 25%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 33%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 25%
Major Owens 25%
Michael Oxley 50%
Ronald Packard 75%
Mike Parker 25%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 25%
Owen Pickett 25%
Richard Pombo 25%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
John Edward Porter 33%
Glenn Poshard 25%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Jack Quinn 25%
James Ramstad 50%
Ralph Regula 25%
Frank Riggs 50%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 25%
Timothy Roemer 25%
Marge Roukema 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 75%
Jim Saxton 50%
Joe Scarborough 50%
Daniel Schaefer 25%
Steven Schiff 50%
John Shadegg 25%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 50%
Christopher Shays 100%
E.G. Shuster 25%
Norman Sisisky 50%
David Skaggs 50%
Joseph Skeen 50%
Ike Skelton 25%
Linda Smith 25%
Nick Smith 0%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 25%
Mark Souder 0%
Floyd Spence 25%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 25%
Charles Stenholm 100%
Bob Stump 25%
Bart Stupak 25%
James Talent 50%
John Tanner 50%
William Tauzin 50%
Charles Taylor 25%
Gene Taylor 75%
William Thomas 0%
Karen Thurman 50%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Esteban Edward Torres 25%
Ed Towns 25%
James Traficant, Jr. 100%
Bruce Vento 75%
James Walsh 25%
Zach Wamp 50%
Mel Watt 25%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 25%
David Weldon 25%
W. Curtis Weldon 50%
Gerald Weller 50%
Rick White 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 33%
Lynn Woolsey 25%
Albert Wynn 50%
Sidney Yates 25%
Bill Young 25%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.