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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Population Connection

1996 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 78%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 0%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 0%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 89%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 0%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 0%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 89%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 56%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 89%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 0%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 89%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 89%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 89%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 0%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 90%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 10%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 0%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 88%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 90%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 20%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 60%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 10%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 20%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 10%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 80%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 10%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 80%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 33%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 10%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 10%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 10%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 0%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 90%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 0%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 0%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 10%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 0%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 11%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 100%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Rob Andrews 88%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 90%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 20%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 90%
Herbert Bateman 13%
Max Baucus 100%
Bob Bennett 13%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 30%
Howard Berman 100%
Brian Bilbray 70%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 78%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 90%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 20%
David Edward Bonior 50%
Sonny Bono 30%
Robert Borski, Jr. 40%
Rick Boucher 100%
John Breaux 22%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 89%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 88%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 89%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 78%
Thomas Campbell 100%
Mike Castle 90%
John Chafee 89%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Robert Clement 88%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 90%
Kent Conrad 67%
Jerry Costello 10%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 10%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 90%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 11%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Daschle 89%
Thomas Davis III 70%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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