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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 93%
Robert Barr, Jr. 93%
Roscoe Bartlett 93%
Mary Bono Mack 93%
Dan Burton 93%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 93%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 93%
Barbara Cubin 93%
Thomas DeLay 93%
John Doolittle 93%
Jo Ann Emerson 93%
Terry Everett 93%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 93%
George Gekas 93%
James Hansen 93%
Van Hilleary 93%
William Lewis Jenkins 93%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 93%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 93%
Ron Lewis 93%
John Peterson 93%
Richard Pombo 93%
George Radanovich 93%
Bob Riley 93%
Robert Schaffer 93%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 93%
John Shadegg 93%
Zach Wamp 93%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 93%
John Ashcroft 88%
Kit Bond 88%
Larry Craig 88%
Jesse Helms 88%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 88%
Kay Hutchison 88%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 88%
Don Nickles 88%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 88%
Bob Smith 88%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 83%
Michael Bilirakis 83%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 83%
Ed Bryant 83%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
Chris Cannon 83%
Larry Combest 83%
Merrill Cook 83%
John Cooksey 83%
Jay Dickey 83%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 83%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
William Goodling 83%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 83%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 83%
Joel Hefley 83%
Wally Herger, Jr. 83%
Asa Hutchinson 83%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 83%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 83%
Bill McCollum 83%
Sue Myrick 83%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 83%
Ronald Packard 83%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 83%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 83%
Joe Scarborough 83%
Nick Smith 83%
Mark Souder 83%
Floyd Spence 83%
Cliff Stearns 83%
James Talent 83%
William Tauzin 83%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 83%
James Traficant, Jr. 83%
Wesley Watkins 83%
David Weldon 83%
Randall Cunningham 82%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 82%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 81%
Wayne Allard 75%
Henry Bonilla 75%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 75%
Conrad Burns 75%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 75%
Michael Collins 75%
William Frist 75%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 75%
Judd Gregg 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 75%
Rick Hill 75%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 75%
Trent Lott, Sr. 75%
James McCrery III 75%
David McIntosh 75%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 75%
Jack Metcalf 75%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 75%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 75%
Edward Pease 75%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 75%
James Rogan 75%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 75%
Jim Ryun 75%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matthew Salmon Republican 75%
Rick Santorum 75%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 75%
Gordon Smith 75%
Olympia Snowe 75%
Bob Stump 75%
Fred Thompson 75%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 75%
Todd Tiahrt 75%
John Warner 75%
Gerald Weller 75%
Philip Crane 74%
Elton Gallegly 74%
William Phillip Gramm 74%
Richard Armey 73%
Mark Foley 73%
Scott McInnis 73%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 73%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 71%
Craig Thomas 71%
Strom Thurmond 71%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 68%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 68%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 68%
Philip English 68%
Jim Gibbons 68%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 68%
David Lee Hobson 68%
Stephen Horn 68%
Duncan Hunter 68%
Don Manzullo 68%
Robert William Ney 68%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 68%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 68%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 68%
Jim Saxton 68%
E.G. Shuster 68%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 68%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 68%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 68%
Christopher Cox 67%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 67%
John Linder 67%
Charles Taylor 67%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 66%
Michael Patrick Forbes 66%
Dan Miller 66%
Bill Archer 62%
Cass Ballenger 62%
Brian Bilbray 62%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 62%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 62%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 62%
Tillie Fowler 62%
Robert Franks 62%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 62%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 62%
Pete Hoekstra 62%
Stephen Largent 62%
Robert Livingston 62%
Deborah Pryce 62%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 62%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 62%
W. Curtis Weldon 62%
Charlie Bass 61%
Thomas Ewing 61%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 61%
William Lipinski 61%
John McHugh 61%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 61%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
James Barcia 58%
Steve Buyer 58%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 58%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 58%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 58%
Paul Coverdell 58%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 58%
David Dreier 58%
Slade Gorton 58%
Rodney Grams 58%
Sue Kelly 58%
Jon Kyl 58%
Connie Mack 58%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 58%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 58%
Anne Northup 58%
James Nussle 58%
Ralph Regula 58%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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