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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
Gary Ackerman 19%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 27%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 2%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 73%
John Ashcroft 88%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
Cass Ballenger 62%
James Barcia 58%
Bob Barr, Jr. 93%
Bill Barrett 51%
Roscoe Bartlett 93%
Charlie Bass 61%
Herbert Bateman 42%
Max Baucus 27%
Bob Bennett 36%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 11%
Douglas Bereuter 51%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 31%
Brian Bilbray 62%
Michael Bilirakis 83%
Jeff Bingaman 35%
Rod Blagojevich 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 62%
Sherwood Boehlert 48%
Kit Bond 88%
Henry Bonilla 75%
David Edward Bonior 25%
Mary Bono Mack 93%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 45%
Rick Boucher 19%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 36%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Richard Bryan 5%
Ed Bryant 83%
Conrad Burns 75%
Dan Burton 93%
Steve Buyer 58%
Robert Byrd 9%
Herbert Callahan 53%
Ben Campbell 36%
Thomas Campbell 45%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
Chris Cannon 83%
Julia Carson 36%
Mike Castle 45%
John Chafee 36%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 93%
William Clay, Sr. 30%
Eva Clayton 2%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 27%
Robert Clement 37%
Michael Collins 75%
Larry Combest 83%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 15%
Merrill Cook 83%
John Cooksey 83%
Jerry Costello 44%
Paul Coverdell 58%
Christopher Cox 67%
William Coyne 23%
Larry Craig 88%
Robert Cramer 42%
Philip Crane 74%
Barbara Cubin 93%
Randall Cunningham 82%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
Thomas Daschle 15%
James Davis 23%
Thomas Davis III 48%
Bill Delahunt 11%
Thomas DeLay 93%
Peter Deutsch 27%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Jay Dickey 83%
Norm Dicks 5%
Julian Dixon 18%
Chris Dodd 27%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 56%
Calvin Dooley 5%
John Doolittle 93%
Byron Dorgan 15%
David Dreier 58%
Jennifer Dunn 53%
Chet Edwards 11%
Vern Ehlers 37%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 68%
Jo Ann Emerson 93%
Philip English 68%
Bob Etheridge 42%
Lane Evans 31%
Terry Everett 93%
Thomas Ewing 61%
Russ Feingold 21%
Bob Filner 27%
Mark Foley 73%
Michael Patrick Forbes 66%
Harold Ford, Jr. 11%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 93%
Tillie Fowler 62%
Barney Frank 16%
Robert Franks 62%
William Frist 75%
Jonas Frost III 25%
Elton Gallegly 74%
John Ganske 53%
Sam Gejdenson 31%
George Gekas 93%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 41%
Jim Gibbons 68%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 48%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
William Goodling 83%
Bart Gordon 42%
Slade Gorton 58%
Porter Goss 53%
Daniel Graham 36%
William Phillip Gramm 74%
Rodney Grams 58%
James Greenwood 51%
Judd Gregg 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
Tony Hall 36%
James Hansen 93%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 68%
Joel Hefley 83%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 83%
Rick Hill 75%
Van Hilleary 93%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 5%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
David Lee Hobson 68%
Pete Hoekstra 62%
Thomas Holden 37%
Ernest Hollings 36%
Darlene Hooley 11%
Stephen Horn 68%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 5%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Duncan Hunter 68%
Asa Hutchinson 83%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 88%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 53%
Daniel Inouye 51%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 82%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 19%
William Jefferson 26%
James Merrill Jeffords 11%
William Lewis Jenkins 93%
Christopher John 31%
Nancy Johnson 42%
Paul Kanjorski 5%
Sue Kelly 58%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 37%
Bob Kerrey 27%
Dale Kildee 37%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 4%
Gerald Kleczka 11%
Ronald Klink 37%
Joseph Knollenberg 53%
Herb Kohl 5%
James Kolbe 19%
Dennis Kucinich 44%
Jon Kyl 58%
John LaFalce 10%
Ray LaHood 53%
Nicholas Lampson 31%
Tom Lantos 40%
Stephen Largent 62%
Steve LaTourette 45%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 48%
James Leach 31%
Jerry Lewis 53%
Ron Lewis 93%
Joe Lieberman 36%
John Linder 67%
William Lipinski 61%
Robert Livingston 62%
Trent Lott, Sr. 75%
Dick Lugar 52%
William Luther 11%
Connie Mack 58%
James Maloney 48%
Don Manzullo 68%
Matthew Martinez 29%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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