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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 21%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 58%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 88%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 58%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 21%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 12%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 62%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 71%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 15%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 75%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 75%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 58%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 36%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 16%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 15%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 31%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 58%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 21%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 29%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 83%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 58%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 53%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 81%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 37%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 21%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 23%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 53%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 88%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 93%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 14%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 27%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 83%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 0%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 83%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 75%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 31%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 21%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 27%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 52%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 68%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 93%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 83%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matthew Salmon Republican 75%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 19%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 37%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 27%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 2%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 2%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 31%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 75%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 40%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 11%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 0%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 68%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 2%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 62%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 5%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 27%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 75%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 5%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 19%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 19%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 75%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 18%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 83%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 75%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 48%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 5%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 51%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 2%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 40%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 16%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 75%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 31%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 68%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 68%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 10%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 5%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 10%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 11%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 5%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 58%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 51%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 31%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 4%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 16%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 51%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 31%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 93%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 31%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 66%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 48%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 83%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 58%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 40%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 42%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 67%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 48%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 37%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 2%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 19%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 31%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 22%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 10%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 36%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 31%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 19%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 75%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 51%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 47%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 83%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 5%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 45%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 10%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 0%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 42%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 83%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 62%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 11%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 83%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 93%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 83%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 83%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 68%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 62%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 75%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 23%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 23%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 68%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 37%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 23%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 93%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 23%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 23%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 75%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 16%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 57%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 62%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 0%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 5%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 11%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 58%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 68%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 36%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 68%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 19%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 75%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 61%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 5%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 58%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 52%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 12%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 19%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
Gary Ackerman 19%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 27%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 2%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 73%
John Ashcroft 88%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
Cass Ballenger 62%
James Barcia 58%
Robert Barr, Jr. 93%
Bill Barrett 51%
Roscoe Bartlett 93%
Charlie Bass 61%
Herbert Bateman 42%
Max Baucus 27%
Bob Bennett 36%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 11%
Douglas Bereuter 51%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 31%
Brian Bilbray 62%
Michael Bilirakis 83%
Jeff Bingaman 35%
Rod Blagojevich 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 62%
Sherwood Boehlert 48%
Kit Bond 88%
Henry Bonilla 75%
David Edward Bonior 25%
Mary Bono Mack 93%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 45%
Rick Boucher 19%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 36%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Richard Bryan 5%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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