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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 19%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
Gary Ackerman 19%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 93%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 27%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 2%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 73%
John Ashcroft 88%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 19%
Cass Ballenger 62%
James Barcia 58%
Bob Barr, Jr. 93%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 0%
Bill Barrett 51%
Roscoe Bartlett 93%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 83%
Charlie Bass 61%
Herbert Bateman 42%
Max Baucus 27%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 0%
Bob Bennett 36%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 11%
Douglas Bereuter 51%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 31%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 21%
Brian Bilbray 62%
Michael Bilirakis 83%
Jeff Bingaman 35%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 48%
Rod Blagojevich 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 62%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 5%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 83%
Sherwood Boehlert 48%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 51%
Kit Bond 88%
Henry Bonilla 75%
David Edward Bonior 25%
Mary Bono Mack 93%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 45%
Rick Boucher 19%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 12%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 68%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 10%
John Breaux 36%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 19%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 23%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 75%
Richard Bryan 5%
Ed Bryant 83%
Conrad Burns 75%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 81%
Dan Burton 93%
Steve Buyer 58%
Robert Byrd 9%
Herbert Callahan 53%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 62%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 58%
Ben Campbell 36%
Thomas Campbell 45%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
Chris Cannon 83%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 31%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 31%
Julia Carson 36%
Mike Castle 45%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 75%
John Chafee 36%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 62%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 93%
William Clay, Sr. 30%
Eva Clayton 2%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 27%
Robert Clement 37%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 11%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 66%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 93%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 58%
Michael Collins 75%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 58%
Larry Combest 83%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 15%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 16%
Merrill Cook 83%
John Cooksey 83%
Jerry Costello 44%
Paul Coverdell 58%
Christopher Cox 67%
William Coyne 23%
Larry Craig 88%
Robert Cramer 42%
Philip Crane 74%
Barbara Cubin 93%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 5%
Randall Cunningham 82%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
Thomas Daschle 15%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 16%
James Davis 23%
Thomas Davis III 48%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 68%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 45%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 5%
Bill Delahunt 11%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 19%
Thomas DeLay 93%
Peter Deutsch 27%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 58%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Jay Dickey 83%
Norm Dicks 5%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 4%
Julian Dixon 18%
Chris Dodd 27%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 23%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 56%
Calvin Dooley 5%
John Doolittle 93%
Byron Dorgan 15%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 42%
David Dreier 58%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 83%
Jennifer Dunn 53%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 15%
Chet Edwards 11%
Vern Ehlers 37%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 68%
Jo Ann Emerson 93%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 36%
Philip English 68%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 52%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 11%
Bob Etheridge 42%
Lane Evans 31%
Terry Everett 93%
Thomas Ewing 61%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 2%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 0%
Russ Feingold 21%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 21%
Bob Filner 27%
Mark Foley 73%
Michael Patrick Forbes 66%
Harold Ford, Jr. 11%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 93%
Tillie Fowler 62%
Barney Frank 16%
Robert Franks 62%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 67%
William Frist 75%
Jonas Frost III 25%
Elton Gallegly 74%
John Ganske 53%
Sam Gejdenson 31%
George Gekas 93%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 41%
Jim Gibbons 68%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 48%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 75%
William Goodling 83%
Bart Gordon 42%
Slade Gorton 58%
Porter Goss 53%
Daniel Graham 36%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 83%
William Phillip Gramm 74%
Rodney Grams 58%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 62%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 71%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 37%
James Greenwood 51%
Judd Gregg 75%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 40%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 52%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 83%
Tony Hall 36%
James Hansen 93%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 18%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 62%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 75%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 68%
Joel Hefley 83%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 83%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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