Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 68%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 58%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 88%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 93%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 83%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 58%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 75%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 19%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 21%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 12%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 37%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 27%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 11%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 11%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 2%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 2%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 31%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 75%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 40%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 11%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 68%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 2%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 62%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 5%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 27%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 75%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 5%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 19%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 19%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 18%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 83%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 83%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 62%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 75%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 48%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 5%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 68%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 19%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 71%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 51%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 15%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 2%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 40%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 16%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 31%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 75%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 75%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 58%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 68%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 68%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 36%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 16%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 10%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 5%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 10%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 15%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 31%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 11%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 5%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 58%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 19%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 21%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 29%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 58%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 51%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 31%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 4%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 16%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 51%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 83%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 58%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 53%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 31%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 21%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 52%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 12%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 81%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 93%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 31%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 66%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 48%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 37%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 83%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 58%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 40%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 42%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 67%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 21%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 48%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 37%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 22%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 2%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 19%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 31%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 22%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 10%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 36%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 31%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 19%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 23%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 53%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 75%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 51%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 47%
OH Governor John Kasich R 61%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 5%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 58%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 88%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 93%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 83%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 14%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 45%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 10%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 42%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 27%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 83%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 62%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 11%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 83%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 83%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 93%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 83%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 83%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 68%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 62%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 75%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 23%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 23%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 68%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 37%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 23%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 93%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 23%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 75%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 23%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 16%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 57%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 31%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 21%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 62%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 5%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 11%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 58%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 68%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 27%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 36%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 52%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 58%
Gary Ackerman 19%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 27%
Wayne Allard 75%
Thomas Allen 2%
Rob Andrews 44%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 73%
John Ashcroft 88%
Richard Hugh Baker 83%
Cass Ballenger 62%
James Barcia 58%
Robert Barr, Jr. 93%
Bill Barrett 51%
Roscoe Bartlett 93%
Charlie Bass 61%
Herbert Bateman 42%
Max Baucus 27%
Bob Bennett 36%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 11%
Douglas Bereuter 51%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 31%
Brian Bilbray 62%
Michael Bilirakis 83%
Jeff Bingaman 35%
Rod Blagojevich 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 62%
Sherwood Boehlert 48%
Kit Bond 88%
Henry Bonilla 75%
David Edward Bonior 25%
Mary Bono Mack 93%
Robert Borski, Jr. 11%
Leonard Boswell 45%
Rick Boucher 19%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 40%
John Breaux 36%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Richard Bryan 5%
Ed Bryant 83%
Conrad Burns 75%
Dan Burton 93%
Steve Buyer 58%
Robert Byrd 9%
Herbert Callahan 53%
Ben Campbell 36%
Thomas Campbell 45%
Chris Cannon 83%
Julia Carson 36%
Mike Castle 45%
John Chafee 36%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 93%
William Clay, Sr. 30%
Eva Clayton 2%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 27%
Robert Clement 37%
Michael Collins 75%
Larry Combest 83%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 15%
Merrill Cook 83%
John Cooksey 83%
Jerry Costello 44%
Paul Coverdell 58%
Christopher Cox 67%
William Coyne 23%
Larry Craig 88%
Robert Cramer 42%
Philip Crane 74%
Barbara Cubin 93%
Randall Cunningham 82%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
Thomas Daschle 15%
James Davis 23%
Thomas Davis III 48%
Bill Delahunt 11%
Thomas DeLay 93%
Peter Deutsch 27%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 68%
Jay Dickey 83%
Norm Dicks 5%
Julian Dixon 18%
Chris Dodd 27%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 56%
Calvin Dooley 5%
John Doolittle 93%
Byron Dorgan 15%
David Dreier 58%
Jennifer Dunn 53%
Chet Edwards 11%
Vern Ehlers 37%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 68%
Jo Ann Emerson 93%
Philip English 68%
Bob Etheridge 42%
Lane Evans 31%
Terry Everett 93%
Thomas Ewing 61%
Russ Feingold 21%
Bob Filner 27%
Mark Foley 73%
Michael Patrick Forbes 66%
Harold Ford, Jr. 11%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 93%
Tillie Fowler 62%
Barney Frank 16%
Robert Franks 62%
William Frist 75%
Jonas Frost III 25%
Elton Gallegly 74%
John Ganske 53%
Sam Gejdenson 31%
George Gekas 93%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 41%
Jim Gibbons 68%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 48%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 83%
William Goodling 83%
Bart Gordon 42%
Slade Gorton 58%
Porter Goss 53%
Daniel Graham 36%
William Phillip Gramm 74%
Rodney Grams 58%
James Greenwood 51%
Judd Gregg 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 75%
Tony Hall 36%
James Hansen 93%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 68%
Joel Hefley 83%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 83%
Rick Hill 75%
Van Hilleary 93%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 5%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
David Lee Hobson 68%
Pete Hoekstra 62%
Thomas Holden 37%
Ernest Hollings 36%
Darlene Hooley 11%
Stephen Horn 68%
John Nathan Hostettler 75%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 5%
Kenny Hulshof 75%
Duncan Hunter 68%
Asa Hutchinson 83%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 88%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 53%
Daniel Inouye 51%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 82%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 19%
William Jefferson 26%
James Merrill Jeffords 11%
William Lewis Jenkins 93%
Christopher John 31%
Nancy Johnson 42%
Paul Kanjorski 5%
Sue Kelly 58%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 37%
Bob Kerrey 27%
Dale Kildee 37%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 4%
Gerald Kleczka 11%
Ronald Klink 37%
Joseph Knollenberg 53%
Herb Kohl 5%
James Kolbe 19%
Dennis Kucinich 44%
Jon Kyl 58%
John LaFalce 10%
Ray LaHood 53%
Nicholas Lampson 31%
Tom Lantos 40%
Stephen Largent 62%
Steve LaTourette 45%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 48%
James Leach 31%
Jerry Lewis 53%
Ron Lewis 93%
Joe Lieberman 36%
John Linder 67%
William Lipinski 61%
Robert Livingston 62%
Trent Lott, Sr. 75%
Dick Lugar 52%
William Luther 11%
Connie Mack 58%
James Maloney 48%
Don Manzullo 68%
Matthew Martinez 29%
Frank Mascara 27%
Robert Matsui 5%
Karen McCarthy 16%
Bill McCollum 83%
James McCrery III 75%
John McHugh 61%
Scott McInnis 73%
David McIntosh 75%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 27%
Michael McNulty 48%
Martin Meehan 19%
Carrie Meek 26%
Jack Metcalf 75%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 5%
Dan Miller 66%
David Minge 11%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 5%
John Moakley 19%
Alan Mollohan 31%
Constance Morella 18%
Patrick Moynihan 27%
Frank Murkowski 56%
Jack Murtha 36%
Sue Myrick 83%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 61%
Robert William Ney 68%
Don Nickles 88%
Anne Northup 58%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 83%
James Nussle 58%
Jim Oberstar 2%
Dave Obey 19%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 31%
Major Owens 10%
Michael Oxley 53%
Ronald Packard 83%
Mike Parker 53%
Ron Paul 53%
Donald Payne 11%
Edward Pease 75%
John Peterson 93%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 73%
Owen Pickett 19%
Richard Pombo 93%
Earl Pomeroy 42%
John Edward Porter 44%
Deborah Pryce 62%
Jack Quinn 51%
George Radanovich 93%
James Ramstad 48%
Ralph Regula 58%
Silvestre Reyes 25%
Bob Riley 93%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 31%
Charles Robb 36%
Ciro Rodriguez 5%
Timothy Roemer 40%
James Rogan 75%
William Roth, Jr. 55%
Steve Rothman 31%
Marge Roukema 45%
Jim Ryun 75%
Martin Olav Sabo 5%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 42%
Rick Santorum 75%
Paul Sarbanes 15%
Jim Saxton 68%
Joe Scarborough 83%
Robert Schaffer 93%
John Shadegg 93%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 62%
Christopher Shays 45%
E.G. Shuster 68%
Norman Sisisky 40%
Joseph Skeen 58%
Ike Skelton 31%
Gordon Smith 75%
Nick Smith 83%
Bob Smith 88%
Olympia Snowe 75%
Vic Snyder 37%
Mark Souder 83%
Arlen Specter 49%
Floyd Spence 83%
John Spratt, Jr. 30%
Pete Stark 18%
Cliff Stearns 83%
Charles Stenholm 45%
Ted Stevens 36%
Ted Strickland 48%
Bob Stump 75%
Bart Stupak 18%
John Sununu 53%
James Talent 83%
John Tanner 45%
Ellen Tauscher 27%
William Tauzin 83%
Charles Taylor 67%
Gene Taylor 53%
Craig Thomas 71%
William Thomas 58%
Fred Thompson 75%
Karen Thurman 23%
Strom Thurmond 71%
Todd Tiahrt 75%
Robert Torricelli 36%
Ed Towns 23%
James Traficant, Jr. 83%
James Turner 44%
Bruce Vento 5%
James Walsh 53%
Zach Wamp 93%
John Warner 75%
Wesley Watkins 83%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 93%
David Weldon 83%
W. Curtis Weldon 62%
Gerald Weller 75%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 27%
Bob Weygand 11%
Bob Wise, Jr. 26%
Lynn Woolsey 11%
Albert Wynn 11%
Bill Young 57%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.