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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Social Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 16%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 79%
Gary Ackerman 7%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 88%
Thomas Allen 7%
Rob Andrews 28%
Bill Archer 89%
Richard Armey 90%
John Ashcroft 88%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 72%
Richard Hugh Baker 76%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 25%
Cass Ballenger 71%
James Barcia 51%
Bob Barr, Jr. 86%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 23%
Bill Barrett 64%
Roscoe Bartlett 72%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 88%
Charlie Bass 48%
Herbert Bateman 74%
Max Baucus 37%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 10%
Bob Bennett 53%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 28%
Douglas Bereuter 58%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 52%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 26%
Brian Bilbray 54%
Michael Bilirakis 81%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 44%
Rod Blagojevich 30%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 69%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 0%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 72%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 90%
Kit Bond 61%
Henry Bonilla 58%
David Edward Bonior 32%
Mary Bono Mack 56%
Robert Borski, Jr. 38%
Leonard Boswell 37%
Rick Boucher 27%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 26%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 36%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 80%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 21%
John Breaux 46%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 13%
George Brown, Jr. 7%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 19%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 79%
Richard Bryan 26%
Ed Bryant 81%
Conrad Burns 73%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 76%
Dan Burton 76%
Steve Buyer 66%
Robert Byrd 43%
Herbert Callahan 97%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 64%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 67%
Ben Campbell 64%
Thomas Campbell 37%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 90%
Chris Cannon 79%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 21%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 24%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 41%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 90%
John Chafee 26%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 90%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 97%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 13%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 43%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 15%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 90%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 97%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 58%
Michael Collins 90%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 41%
Larry Combest 81%
Gary Condit 46%
Kent Conrad 45%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 0%
Merrill Cook 59%
John Cooksey 58%
Jerry Costello 52%
Paul Coverdell 76%
Christopher Cox 66%
William Coyne 7%
Larry Craig 79%
Robert Cramer 51%
Philip Crane 89%
Barbara Cubin 89%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 25%
Randall Cunningham 79%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 26%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 15%
James Davis 38%
Thomas Davis III 47%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 90%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 14%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 0%
Bill Delahunt 0%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 11%
Thomas DeLay 75%
Peter Deutsch 23%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 63%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 71%
Norm Dicks 28%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 31%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 0%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 16%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 51%
Calvin Dooley 23%
John Doolittle 88%
Byron Dorgan 43%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 47%
David Dreier 63%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 90%
Jennifer Dunn 72%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 0%
Chet Edwards 32%
Vern Ehlers 53%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 50%
Jo Ann Emerson 90%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 12%
Philip English 53%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 79%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 7%
Bob Etheridge 38%
Lane Evans 14%
Terry Everett 97%
Thomas Ewing 75%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 16%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 15%
Russ Feingold 0%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 0%
Bob Filner 11%
Mark Foley 46%
Michael Patrick Forbes 54%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 97%
Tillie Fowler 55%
Barney Frank 7%
Robert Franks 43%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 41%
William Frist 64%
Jonas Frost III 30%
Elton Gallegly 60%
John Ganske 49%
Sam Gejdenson 11%
George Gekas 64%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 31%
Jim Gibbons 60%
Wayne Gilchrest 40%
Paul Gillmor 67%
Benjamin Gilman 34%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 60%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 81%
William Goodling 75%
Bart Gordon 49%
Slade Gorton 54%
Porter Goss 64%
Daniel Graham 0%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 81%
William Phillip Gramm 88%
Rodney Grams 79%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 55%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 79%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 28%
James Greenwood 33%
Judd Gregg 69%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 14%
Gilbert Gutknecht 76%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 79%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 90%
Tony Hall 51%
James Hansen 87%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 81%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 0%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 90%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 55%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 81%
Joel Hefley 81%
Jesse Helms 77%
Wally Herger, Jr. 97%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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