Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Social Policy Score

Issues:
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 67%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 88%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 88%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 90%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 72%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 69%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 88%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 25%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 26%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 7%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 21%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 16%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 21%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 67%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 23%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 11%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 10%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 75%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 13%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 64%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 25%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 64%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 11%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 13%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 62%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 56%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 90%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 90%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 90%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 90%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 16%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 79%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 97%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 14%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 14%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 15%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 37%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 79%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 67%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 79%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 88%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 67%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 76%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 26%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 13%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 32%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 7%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 24%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 23%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 25%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 41%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 25%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 25%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 67%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 52%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 16%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 31%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 57%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 72%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 58%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 90%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 30%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 26%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 79%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 76%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 81%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 28%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 53%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 28%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 60%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 28%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 34%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 41%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 48%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 64%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 25%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 16%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 11%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 16%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 12%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 19%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 20%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 19%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 72%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 90%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 90%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 41%
OH Governor John Kasich R 90%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 16%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 63%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 88%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 97%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 90%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 26%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 14%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 21%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 15%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 47%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 81%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 81%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 69%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 15%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 26%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 90%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 90%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 88%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 90%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 88%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 80%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 55%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 76%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 28%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 7%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 81%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 28%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 97%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 16%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 55%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 81%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 27%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 69%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 38%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 90%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 7%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 28%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 32%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 81%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 71%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 23%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 45%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 79%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 79%
Gary Ackerman 7%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 88%
Thomas Allen 7%
Rob Andrews 28%
Bill Archer 89%
Richard Armey 90%
John Ashcroft 88%
Richard Hugh Baker 76%
Cass Ballenger 71%
James Barcia 51%
Bob Barr, Jr. 86%
Bill Barrett 64%
Roscoe Bartlett 72%
Charlie Bass 48%
Herbert Bateman 74%
Max Baucus 37%
Bob Bennett 53%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 28%
Douglas Bereuter 58%
Howard Berman 11%
Marion Berry 52%
Brian Bilbray 54%
Michael Bilirakis 81%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Rod Blagojevich 30%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 69%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
Kit Bond 61%
Henry Bonilla 58%
David Edward Bonior 32%
Mary Bono Mack 56%
Robert Borski, Jr. 38%
Leonard Boswell 37%
Rick Boucher 27%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 36%
John Breaux 46%
George Brown, Jr. 7%
Richard Bryan 26%
Ed Bryant 81%
Conrad Burns 73%
Dan Burton 76%
Steve Buyer 66%
Robert Byrd 43%
Herbert Callahan 97%
Ben Campbell 64%
Thomas Campbell 37%
Chris Cannon 79%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 41%
John Chafee 26%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 97%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 13%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 43%
Michael Collins 90%
Larry Combest 81%
Gary Condit 46%
Kent Conrad 45%
Merrill Cook 59%
John Cooksey 58%
Jerry Costello 52%
Paul Coverdell 76%
Christopher Cox 66%
William Coyne 7%
Larry Craig 79%
Robert Cramer 51%
Philip Crane 89%
Barbara Cubin 89%
Randall Cunningham 79%
Patsy Ann Danner 45%
Thomas Daschle 26%
James Davis 38%
Thomas Davis III 47%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 75%
Peter Deutsch 23%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 71%
Norm Dicks 28%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 51%
Calvin Dooley 23%
John Doolittle 88%
Byron Dorgan 43%
David Dreier 63%
Jennifer Dunn 72%
Chet Edwards 32%
Vern Ehlers 53%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 50%
Jo Ann Emerson 90%
Philip English 53%
Bob Etheridge 38%
Lane Evans 14%
Terry Everett 97%
Thomas Ewing 75%
Russ Feingold 0%
Bob Filner 11%
Mark Foley 46%
Michael Patrick Forbes 54%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 97%
Tillie Fowler 55%
Barney Frank 7%
Robert Franks 43%
William Frist 64%
Jonas Frost III 30%
Elton Gallegly 60%
John Ganske 49%
Sam Gejdenson 11%
George Gekas 64%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 31%
Jim Gibbons 60%
Wayne Gilchrest 40%
Paul Gillmor 67%
Benjamin Gilman 34%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 60%
William Goodling 75%
Bart Gordon 49%
Slade Gorton 54%
Porter Goss 64%
Daniel Graham 0%
William Phillip Gramm 88%
Rodney Grams 79%
James Greenwood 33%
Judd Gregg 69%
Gilbert Gutknecht 76%
Tony Hall 51%
James Hansen 87%
J. Dennis Hastert 81%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 81%
Joel Hefley 81%
Jesse Helms 77%
Wally Herger, Jr. 97%
Rick Hill 86%
Van Hilleary 81%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 16%
Maurice Hinchey 11%
David Lee Hobson 56%
Pete Hoekstra 69%
Thomas Holden 48%
Ernest Hollings 62%
Darlene Hooley 16%
Stephen Horn 38%
John Nathan Hostettler 72%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 35%
Kenny Hulshof 81%
Duncan Hunter 90%
Asa Hutchinson 87%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 88%
Kay Hutchison 78%
Henry Hyde 88%
Daniel Inouye 26%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 81%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 33%
James Merrill Jeffords 38%
William Lewis Jenkins 81%
Christopher John 59%
Nancy Johnson 28%
Paul Kanjorski 44%
Sue Kelly 38%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 16%
Bob Kerrey 0%
Dale Kildee 44%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 38%
Ronald Klink 43%
Joseph Knollenberg 69%
Herb Kohl 0%
James Kolbe 42%
Dennis Kucinich 41%
Jon Kyl 88%
John LaFalce 45%
Ray LaHood 59%
Nicholas Lampson 34%
Tom Lantos 19%
Stephen Largent 81%
Steve LaTourette 50%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 47%
James Leach 38%
Jerry Lewis 53%
Ron Lewis 90%
Joe Lieberman 0%
John Linder 90%
William Lipinski 63%
Robert Livingston 90%
Trent Lott, Sr. 88%
Dick Lugar 58%
William Luther 23%
Connie Mack 55%
James Maloney 31%
Don Manzullo 90%
Matthew Martinez 22%
Frank Mascara 48%
Robert Matsui 27%
Karen McCarthy 22%
Bill McCollum 60%
James McCrery III 66%
John McHugh 64%
Scott McInnis 60%
David McIntosh 97%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 7%
Michael McNulty 42%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 19%
Jack Metcalf 81%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 55%
David Minge 35%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 7%
John Moakley 34%
Alan Mollohan 47%
Constance Morella 25%
Patrick Moynihan 26%
Frank Murkowski 64%
Jack Murtha 48%
Sue Myrick 72%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 72%
Robert William Ney 76%
Don Nickles 79%
Anne Northup 69%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 80%
James Nussle 81%
Jim Oberstar 35%
Dave Obey 31%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 49%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 60%
Ronald Packard 87%
Ron Paul 56%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 90%
John Peterson 71%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 97%
Owen Pickett 40%
Richard Pombo 76%
Earl Pomeroy 38%
John Edward Porter 42%
Deborah Pryce 50%
Jack Quinn 56%
George Radanovich 86%
James Ramstad 51%
Ralph Regula 60%
Silvestre Reyes 37%
Bob Riley 90%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 16%
Charles Robb 26%
Ciro Rodriguez 27%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 88%
William Roth, Jr. 50%
Steve Rothman 23%
Marge Roukema 55%
Jim Ryun 97%
Martin Olav Sabo 21%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 42%
Rick Santorum 73%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 53%
Joe Scarborough 90%
Robert Schaffer 76%
John Shadegg 97%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 50%
Christopher Shays 34%
E.G. Shuster 69%
Norman Sisisky 41%
Joseph Skeen 58%
Ike Skelton 57%
Gordon Smith 58%
Nick Smith 60%
Bob Smith 88%
Olympia Snowe 48%
Vic Snyder 35%
Mark Souder 69%
Arlen Specter 40%
Floyd Spence 81%
John Spratt, Jr. 40%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 90%
Charles Stenholm 63%
Ted Stevens 46%
Ted Strickland 36%
Bob Stump 76%
Bart Stupak 46%
John Sununu 72%
James Talent 72%
John Tanner 52%
Ellen Tauscher 25%
William Tauzin 69%
Charles Taylor 81%
Gene Taylor 67%
Craig Thomas 73%
William Thomas 48%
Fred Thompson 71%
Karen Thurman 25%
Strom Thurmond 64%
Todd Tiahrt 97%
Robert Torricelli 0%
Ed Towns 16%
James Traficant, Jr. 58%
James Turner 51%
Bruce Vento 21%
James Walsh 56%
Zach Wamp 76%
John Warner 57%
Wesley Watkins 76%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 60%
David Weldon 81%
W. Curtis Weldon 63%
Gerald Weller 71%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 19%
Bob Weygand 37%
Bob Wise, Jr. 22%
Lynn Woolsey 15%
Albert Wynn 20%
Bill Young 79%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.