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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 78%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 29%
Gary Ackerman 78%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 65%
Wayne Allard 12%
Thomas Allen 96%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 34%
Richard Armey 26%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 7%
Richard Hugh Baker 7%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 78%
Cass Ballenger 34%
James Barcia 39%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 98%
Bill Barrett 49%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 7%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman 58%
Max Baucus 65%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 98%
Bob Bennett 51%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 84%
Douglas Bereuter 47%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 64%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 73%
Brian Bilbray 34%
Michael Bilirakis 7%
Jeff Bingaman 64%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 49%
Rod Blagojevich 75%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 34%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 90%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 7%
Sherwood Boehlert 49%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 47%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 19%
David Edward Bonior 74%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 84%
Leonard Boswell 53%
Rick Boucher 78%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 86%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 59%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 27%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 90%
John Breaux 51%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 78%
George Brown, Jr. 98%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 75%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 12%
Richard Bryan 91%
Ed Bryant 7%
Conrad Burns 12%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 18%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 39%
Robert Byrd 89%
Herbert Callahan 43%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 34%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 39%
Ben Campbell 51%
Thomas Campbell 53%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 7%
Chris Cannon 7%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 64%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 64%
Julia Carson 64%
Mike Castle 53%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 19%
John Chafee 51%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 34%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 69%
Eva Clayton 96%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 65%
Robert Clement 61%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 84%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 33%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 29%
Michael Collins 19%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 29%
Larry Combest 7%
Gary Condit 43%
Kent Conrad 79%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 82%
Merrill Cook 7%
John Cooksey 7%
Jerry Costello 55%
Paul Coverdell 29%
Christopher Cox 32%
William Coyne 75%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 56%
Philip Crane 25%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 90%
Randall Cunningham 18%
Patsy Ann Danner 39%
Thomas Daschle 79%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 82%
James Davis 75%
Thomas Davis III 49%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 27%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 53%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 90%
Bill Delahunt 84%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 78%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 71%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 29%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 27%
Jay Dickey 7%
Norm Dicks 90%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 95%
Julian Dixon 81%
Chris Dodd 65%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 75%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 42%
Calvin Dooley 90%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 79%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 58%
David Dreier 39%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 7%
Jennifer Dunn 43%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 79%
Chet Edwards 84%
Vern Ehlers 61%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 27%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 63%
Philip English 27%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 45%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 84%
Bob Etheridge 56%
Lane Evans 64%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 39%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 96%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 98%
Russ Feingold 73%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 73%
Bob Filner 71%
Mark Foley 26%
Michael Patrick Forbes 33%
Harold Ford, Jr. 84%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 34%
Barney Frank 82%
Robert Franks 34%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 32%
William Frist 12%
Jonas Frost III 74%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 43%
Sam Gejdenson 64%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 58%
Jim Gibbons 27%
Wayne Gilchrest 56%
Paul Gillmor 49%
Benjamin Gilman 49%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 7%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 19%
William Goodling 7%
Bart Gordon 56%
Slade Gorton 29%
Porter Goss 43%
Daniel Graham 51%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 7%
William Phillip Gramm 25%
Rodney Grams 29%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 34%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 26%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 61%
James Greenwood 47%
Judd Gregg 12%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 60%
Gilbert Gutknecht 19%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 45%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 7%
Tony Hall 63%
James Hansen 0%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 17%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 81%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 34%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 12%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 27%
Joel Hefley 7%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 7%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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