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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Donald Young Republican 27%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 29%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 7%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 29%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 19%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 73%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 86%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 71%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 84%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 96%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 96%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 64%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 59%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 98%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 27%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 96%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 34%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 90%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 71%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 19%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 90%
CO Commissioner 2 Scott McInnis 26%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 78%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 78%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 19%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 81%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 17%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 7%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 49%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 95%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 27%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 26%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 79%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 96%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 60%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 82%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 19%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 64%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 12%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 19%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 12%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 29%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 27%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 84%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 90%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 90%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 79%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 64%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 84%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 90%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 29%
ME Councilor At-Large Joseph Baldacci Democratic 78%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 70%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 47%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 64%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 82%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 47%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 7%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 29%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 47%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 64%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 73%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 86%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 18%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 64%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 61%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 7%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 39%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 59%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 56%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 32%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 73%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 49%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 77%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 96%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 78%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 64%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 77%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 63%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 64%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 78%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 75%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 43%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 19%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 52%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 38%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 90%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 29%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 7%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 85%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 90%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 53%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 90%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 58%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 7%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 65%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 7%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 34%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 84%
SD U.S. Senate Sr John Thune Republican 7%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 7%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 7%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 27%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 34%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 19%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 27%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 61%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 75%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 12%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 75%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 19%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 95%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 64%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 73%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 98%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 90%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 84%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 39%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett No Party Affiliation 98%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 45%
Neil Abercrombie 78%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 29%
Gary Ackerman 78%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 65%
Wayne Allard 12%
Thomas Allen 96%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 34%
Richard Armey 26%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 7%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 7%
Cass Ballenger 34%
James Barcia 39%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 49%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 38%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 58%
Max Baucus 65%
Bob Bennett 51%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 84%
Douglas Bereuter 47%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 64%
Brian Bilbray 34%
Michael Bilirakis 7%
Jeff Bingaman 64%
Rod Blagojevich 75%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 34%
Sherwood Boehlert 49%
John Boehner 47%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 19%
David Edward Bonior 74%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 84%
Leonard Boswell 53%
Rick Boucher 78%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 59%
John Breaux 51%
George Brown, Jr. 98%
Richard Bryan 91%
Ed Bryant 7%
Conrad Burns 12%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 39%
Robert Byrd 89%
Herbert Callahan 43%
Dave Camp 39%
Ben Campbell 51%
Thomas Campbell 53%
Chris Cannon 7%
Julia Carson 64%
Mike Castle 53%
John Chafee 51%
Saxby Chambliss 34%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 69%
Eva Clayton 96%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 65%
Robert Clement 61%
Howard Coble 33%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Michael Collins 19%
Larry Combest 7%
Gary Condit 43%
Kent Conrad 79%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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