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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 12%
Gary Ackerman 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 74%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 90%
Rob Andrews 70%
Bill Archer 10%
Richard Armey 3%
John Ashcroft 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
Cass Ballenger 28%
James Barcia 48%
Bob Barr, Jr. 13%
Bill Barrett 34%
Roscoe Bartlett 26%
Charlie Bass 52%
Herbert Bateman 25%
Max Baucus 62%
Bob Bennett 46%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 41%
Howard Berman 89%
Marion Berry 47%
Brian Bilbray 46%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 74%
Rod Blagojevich 70%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 29%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
Kit Bond 38%
Henry Bonilla 41%
David Edward Bonior 68%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 60%
Leonard Boswell 63%
Rick Boucher 73%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 63%
John Breaux 52%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Richard Bryan 63%
Ed Bryant 14%
Conrad Burns 24%
Dan Burton 21%
Steve Buyer 34%
Robert Byrd 55%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 31%
Thomas Campbell 62%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 3%
Chris Cannon 20%
Julia Carson 93%
Mike Castle 59%
John Chafee 63%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 93%
Eva Clayton 87%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 74%
Robert Clement 57%
Michael Collins 3%
Larry Combest 14%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 54%
Merrill Cook 40%
John Cooksey 42%
Jerry Costello 47%
Paul Coverdell 23%
Christopher Cox 33%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 12%
Robert Cramer 49%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 10%
Randall Cunningham 21%
Patsy Ann Danner 55%
Thomas Daschle 63%
James Davis 60%
Thomas Davis III 53%
Bill Delahunt 93%
Thomas DeLay 24%
Peter Deutsch 76%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 28%
Norm Dicks 72%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 74%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 48%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 11%
Byron Dorgan 55%
David Dreier 36%
Jennifer Dunn 26%
Chet Edwards 67%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 49%
Jo Ann Emerson 3%
Philip English 46%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Lane Evans 85%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 25%
Russ Feingold 74%
Bob Filner 88%
Mark Foley 53%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 66%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 44%
Barney Frank 90%
Robert Franks 57%
William Frist 31%
Jonas Frost III 69%
Elton Gallegly 38%
John Ganske 51%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
George Gekas 34%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 69%
Jim Gibbons 38%
Wayne Gilchrest 59%
Paul Gillmor 32%
Benjamin Gilman 66%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 38%
William Goodling 25%
Bart Gordon 51%
Slade Gorton 45%
Porter Goss 36%
Daniel Graham 74%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 12%
James Greenwood 67%
Judd Gregg 29%
Gilbert Gutknecht 21%
Tony Hall 48%
James Hansen 12%
J. Dennis Hastert 14%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 14%
Joel Hefley 14%
Jesse Helms 22%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 13%
Van Hilleary 14%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 81%
Maurice Hinchey 88%
David Lee Hobson 44%
Pete Hoekstra 29%
Thomas Holden 51%
Ernest Hollings 37%
Darlene Hooley 81%
Stephen Horn 62%
John Nathan Hostettler 26%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 64%
Kenny Hulshof 14%
Duncan Hunter 3%
Asa Hutchinson 13%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 21%
Henry Hyde 11%
Daniel Inouye 63%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 19%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 93%
William Jefferson 67%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 14%
Christopher John 41%
Nancy Johnson 70%
Paul Kanjorski 56%
Sue Kelly 62%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 74%
Patrick Kennedy 81%
Bob Kerrey 74%
Dale Kildee 56%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 93%
Gerald Kleczka 60%
Ronald Klink 56%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Herb Kohl 74%
James Kolbe 58%
Dennis Kucinich 59%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 54%
Ray LaHood 40%
Nicholas Lampson 65%
Tom Lantos 80%
Stephen Largent 14%
Steve LaTourette 50%
Frank Lautenberg 74%
Rick Lazio 53%
James Leach 60%
Jerry Lewis 46%
Ron Lewis 3%
Joe Lieberman 74%
John Linder 3%
William Lipinski 36%
Robert Livingston 3%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 39%
William Luther 77%
Connie Mack 43%
James Maloney 69%
Don Manzullo 3%
Matthew Martinez 77%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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