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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie 81%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 12%
Gary Ackerman 90%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 3%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 74%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 90%
Rob Andrews 70%
Bill Archer 10%
Richard Armey 3%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 26%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 73%
Cass Ballenger 28%
James Barcia 48%
Bob Barr, Jr. 13%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 76%
Bill Barrett 34%
Roscoe Bartlett 26%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 11%
Charlie Bass 52%
Herbert Bateman 25%
Max Baucus 62%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 89%
Bob Bennett 46%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 41%
Howard Berman 89%
Marion Berry 47%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 63%
Brian Bilbray 46%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 74%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 55%
Rod Blagojevich 70%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 29%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 93%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 28%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 3%
Kit Bond 38%
Henry Bonilla 41%
David Edward Bonior 68%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 60%
Leonard Boswell 63%
Rick Boucher 73%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 63%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 63%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 20%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 79%
John Breaux 52%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 87%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 80%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 12%
Richard Bryan 63%
Ed Bryant 14%
Conrad Burns 24%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 21%
Dan Burton 21%
Steve Buyer 34%
Robert Byrd 55%
Herbert Callahan 0%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 34%
Dave Camp 32%
Ben Campbell 31%
Thomas Campbell 62%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 3%
Chris Cannon 20%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 79%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 75%
Julia Carson 93%
Mike Castle 59%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 3%
John Chafee 63%
Saxby Chambliss 3%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 93%
Eva Clayton 87%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 74%
Robert Clement 57%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 84%
Howard Coble 3%
Thomas Coburn 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 39%
Michael Collins 3%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 57%
Larry Combest 14%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 54%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 93%
Merrill Cook 40%
John Cooksey 42%
Jerry Costello 47%
Paul Coverdell 23%
Christopher Cox 33%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 12%
Robert Cramer 49%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 10%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 73%
Randall Cunningham 21%
Patsy Ann Danner 55%
Thomas Daschle 63%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 85%
James Davis 60%
Thomas Davis III 53%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 3%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 85%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 93%
Bill Delahunt 93%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 89%
Thomas DeLay 24%
Peter Deutsch 76%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 36%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 28%
Norm Dicks 72%
John Dingell 69%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 74%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 81%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 48%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 11%
Byron Dorgan 55%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 53%
David Dreier 36%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 3%
Jennifer Dunn 26%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 74%
Chet Edwards 67%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 49%
Jo Ann Emerson 3%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 88%
Philip English 46%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 12%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 90%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Lane Evans 85%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 25%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 81%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 85%
Russ Feingold 74%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 74%
Bob Filner 88%
Mark Foley 53%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 66%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 44%
Barney Frank 90%
Robert Franks 57%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 59%
William Frist 31%
Jonas Frost III 69%
Elton Gallegly 38%
John Ganske 51%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
George Gekas 34%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 69%
Jim Gibbons 38%
Wayne Gilchrest 59%
Paul Gillmor 32%
Benjamin Gilman 66%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 38%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 14%
William Goodling 25%
Bart Gordon 51%
Slade Gorton 45%
Porter Goss 36%
Daniel Graham 74%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 14%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 12%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 45%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 12%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 70%
James Greenwood 67%
Judd Gregg 29%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 85%
Gilbert Gutknecht 21%
Charles Hagel 12%
Ralph Hall 3%
Tony Hall 48%
James Hansen 12%
Tom Harkin 74%
J. Dennis Hastert 14%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 93%
Doc Hastings 3%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 43%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 14%
Joel Hefley 14%
Jesse Helms 22%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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