Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Liberal on Social Policy Score

Issues: Liberal , Social
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 32%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 3%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 26%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 29%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 11%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 73%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 74%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 63%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 93%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 93%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 78%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 81%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 79%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 32%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 76%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 89%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 25%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 87%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 34%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 93%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 73%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 34%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 93%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 87%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 37%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 44%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 3%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 3%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 3%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 55%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 3%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 81%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 74%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 74%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 85%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 85%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 85%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 24%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 63%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 12%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 32%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 12%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 32%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 21%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 63%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 87%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 68%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 90%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 93%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 74%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 75%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 76%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 73%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 57%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 73%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 74%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 75%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 32%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 47%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 81%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 69%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 93%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 42%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 28%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 39%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 3%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 69%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 63%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 12%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 74%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 21%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 14%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 70%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 3%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 47%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 72%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 38%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 36%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 70%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 65%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 59%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 50%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 34%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 73%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 93%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 84%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 89%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 81%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 93%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 93%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 81%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 26%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 3%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 3%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 58%
OH Governor John Kasich R 3%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 81%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 36%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 3%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 63%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 85%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 79%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 53%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 14%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 74%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 14%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 29%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 84%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 63%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 3%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 3%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 11%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 3%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 11%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 20%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 45%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 21%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 70%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 90%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 14%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 93%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 81%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 43%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 93%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 14%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 73%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 29%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 60%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 74%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 3%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 70%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 67%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 14%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 29%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 76%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 74%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 55%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 12%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 12%
Gary Ackerman 90%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 74%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 90%
Rob Andrews 70%
Bill Archer 10%
Richard Armey 3%
John Ashcroft 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 21%
Cass Ballenger 28%
James Barcia 48%
Bob Barr, Jr. 13%
Bill Barrett 34%
Roscoe Bartlett 26%
Charlie Bass 52%
Herbert Bateman 25%
Max Baucus 62%
Bob Bennett 46%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 70%
Douglas Bereuter 41%
Howard Berman 89%
Marion Berry 47%
Brian Bilbray 46%
Michael Bilirakis 14%
Jeff Bingaman 74%
Rod Blagojevich 70%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 29%
Sherwood Boehlert 69%
Kit Bond 38%
Henry Bonilla 41%
David Edward Bonior 68%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Robert Borski, Jr. 60%
Leonard Boswell 63%
Rick Boucher 73%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 63%
John Breaux 52%
George Brown, Jr. 90%
Richard Bryan 63%
Ed Bryant 14%
Conrad Burns 24%
Dan Burton 21%
Steve Buyer 34%
Robert Byrd 55%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 31%
Thomas Campbell 62%
Chris Cannon 20%
Julia Carson 93%
Mike Castle 59%
John Chafee 63%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 93%
Eva Clayton 87%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 74%
Robert Clement 57%
Michael Collins 3%
Larry Combest 14%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 54%
Merrill Cook 40%
John Cooksey 42%
Jerry Costello 47%
Paul Coverdell 23%
Christopher Cox 33%
William Coyne 90%
Larry Craig 12%
Robert Cramer 49%
Philip Crane 10%
Barbara Cubin 10%
Randall Cunningham 21%
Patsy Ann Danner 55%
Thomas Daschle 63%
James Davis 60%
Thomas Davis III 53%
Bill Delahunt 93%
Thomas DeLay 24%
Peter Deutsch 76%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 45%
Jay Dickey 28%
Norm Dicks 72%
Julian Dixon 93%
Chris Dodd 74%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 48%
Calvin Dooley 76%
John Doolittle 11%
Byron Dorgan 55%
David Dreier 36%
Jennifer Dunn 26%
Chet Edwards 67%
Vern Ehlers 46%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 49%
Jo Ann Emerson 3%
Philip English 46%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Lane Evans 85%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 25%
Russ Feingold 74%
Bob Filner 88%
Mark Foley 53%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 66%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 44%
Barney Frank 90%
Robert Franks 57%
William Frist 31%
Jonas Frost III 69%
Elton Gallegly 38%
John Ganske 51%
Sam Gejdenson 88%
George Gekas 34%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 69%
Jim Gibbons 38%
Wayne Gilchrest 59%
Paul Gillmor 32%
Benjamin Gilman 66%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 38%
William Goodling 25%
Bart Gordon 51%
Slade Gorton 45%
Porter Goss 36%
Daniel Graham 74%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 12%
James Greenwood 67%
Judd Gregg 29%
Gilbert Gutknecht 21%
Tony Hall 48%
James Hansen 12%
J. Dennis Hastert 14%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 14%
Joel Hefley 14%
Jesse Helms 22%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 13%
Van Hilleary 14%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 81%
Maurice Hinchey 88%
David Lee Hobson 44%
Pete Hoekstra 29%
Thomas Holden 51%
Ernest Hollings 37%
Darlene Hooley 81%
Stephen Horn 62%
John Nathan Hostettler 26%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 64%
Kenny Hulshof 14%
Duncan Hunter 3%
Asa Hutchinson 13%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 21%
Henry Hyde 11%
Daniel Inouye 63%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 19%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 93%
William Jefferson 67%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 14%
Christopher John 41%
Nancy Johnson 70%
Paul Kanjorski 56%
Sue Kelly 62%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 74%
Patrick Kennedy 81%
Bob Kerrey 74%
Dale Kildee 56%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 93%
Gerald Kleczka 60%
Ronald Klink 56%
Joseph Knollenberg 29%
Herb Kohl 74%
James Kolbe 58%
Dennis Kucinich 59%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 54%
Ray LaHood 40%
Nicholas Lampson 65%
Tom Lantos 80%
Stephen Largent 14%
Steve LaTourette 50%
Frank Lautenberg 74%
Rick Lazio 53%
James Leach 60%
Jerry Lewis 46%
Ron Lewis 3%
Joe Lieberman 74%
John Linder 3%
William Lipinski 36%
Robert Livingston 3%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 39%
William Luther 77%
Connie Mack 43%
James Maloney 69%
Don Manzullo 3%
Matthew Martinez 77%
Frank Mascara 51%
Robert Matsui 72%
Karen McCarthy 77%
Bill McCollum 38%
James McCrery III 33%
John McHugh 34%
Scott McInnis 40%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 90%
Michael McNulty 58%
Martin Meehan 93%
Carrie Meek 81%
Jack Metcalf 14%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 93%
Dan Miller 44%
David Minge 64%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 90%
John Moakley 66%
Alan Mollohan 52%
Constance Morella 73%
Patrick Moynihan 63%
Frank Murkowski 31%
Jack Murtha 52%
Sue Myrick 26%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 26%
Robert William Ney 21%
Don Nickles 12%
Anne Northup 29%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 19%
James Nussle 14%
Jim Oberstar 65%
Dave Obey 68%
John Olver 93%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Major Owens 93%
Michael Oxley 40%
Ronald Packard 12%
Mike Parker 20%
Ron Paul 43%
Donald Payne 93%
Edward Pease 3%
John Peterson 29%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 59%
Richard Pombo 21%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
John Edward Porter 58%
Deborah Pryce 50%
Jack Quinn 43%
George Radanovich 13%
James Ramstad 48%
Ralph Regula 38%
Silvestre Reyes 63%
Bob Riley 3%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 81%
Charles Robb 63%
Ciro Rodriguez 73%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 11%
William Roth, Jr. 49%
Steve Rothman 76%
Marge Roukema 45%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 78%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 57%
Rick Santorum 24%
Paul Sarbanes 74%
Jim Saxton 47%
Joe Scarborough 3%
Robert Schaffer 21%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 50%
Christopher Shays 65%
E.G. Shuster 31%
Norman Sisisky 59%
Joseph Skeen 41%
Ike Skelton 42%
Gordon Smith 39%
Nick Smith 38%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 65%
Mark Souder 29%
Arlen Specter 59%
Floyd Spence 14%
John Spratt, Jr. 60%
Pete Stark 93%
Cliff Stearns 3%
Charles Stenholm 36%
Ted Stevens 52%
Ted Strickland 64%
Bob Stump 21%
Bart Stupak 53%
John Sununu 26%
James Talent 26%
John Tanner 47%
Ellen Tauscher 73%
William Tauzin 31%
Charles Taylor 14%
Gene Taylor 32%
Craig Thomas 24%
William Thomas 52%
Fred Thompson 28%
Karen Thurman 73%
Strom Thurmond 31%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 74%
Ed Towns 84%
James Traficant, Jr. 42%
James Turner 48%
Bruce Vento 78%
James Walsh 43%
Zach Wamp 21%
John Warner 42%
Wesley Watkins 21%
Mel Watt 93%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 38%
David Weldon 14%
W. Curtis Weldon 36%
Gerald Weller 29%
Paul Wellstone 74%
Robert Wexler 81%
Bob Weygand 62%
Bob Wise, Jr. 77%
Lynn Woolsey 85%
Albert Wynn 79%
Bill Young 21%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.