Rating Group: National Journal

1998 Conservative on Economic Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 53%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 72%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 88%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 58%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 81%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 70%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 81%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 33%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 10%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 23%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 21%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 23%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 39%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 88%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 42%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 72%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 81%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 37%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 70%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 72%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 48%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 64%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 74%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 81%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 44%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 85%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 51%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 17%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 81%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 23%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 61%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 28%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 72%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 67%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 85%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 72%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 67%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 72%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 25%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 20%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 23%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 28%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 34%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 74%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 53%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 23%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 44%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 70%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 63%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 88%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 35%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 63%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 10%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 81%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 85%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 36%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 85%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 44%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 23%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 50%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 23%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 54%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 33%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 56%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 37%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 30%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 88%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 81%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 88%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 28%
OH Governor John Kasich R 79%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 21%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 52%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 88%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 72%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 88%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 28%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 32%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 37%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 81%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 10%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 85%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 56%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 88%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 70%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 88%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 58%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 88%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 74%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 88%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 88%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 30%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 88%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 36%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 21%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 88%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 32%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 63%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 74%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 42%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 59%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 10%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 23%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 25%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 81%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 21%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 34%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 37%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 67%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 67%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 17%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 28%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 88%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 69%
Gary Ackerman 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 72%
Thomas Allen 23%
Rob Andrews 36%
Bill Archer 88%
Richard Armey 88%
John Ashcroft 88%
Richard Hugh Baker 88%
Cass Ballenger 78%
James Barcia 34%
Bob Barr, Jr. 64%
Bill Barrett 61%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
Charlie Bass 58%
Herbert Bateman 61%
Max Baucus 28%
Bob Bennett 57%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 32%
Douglas Bereuter 56%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 41%
Brian Bilbray 54%
Michael Bilirakis 74%
Jeff Bingaman 28%
Rod Blagojevich 28%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 67%
Sherwood Boehlert 46%
Kit Bond 56%
Henry Bonilla 72%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 64%
Robert Borski, Jr. 23%
Leonard Boswell 43%
Rick Boucher 34%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 46%
John Breaux 42%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Richard Bryan 0%
Ed Bryant 88%
Conrad Burns 72%
Dan Burton 77%
Steve Buyer 64%
Robert Byrd 31%
Herbert Callahan 88%
Ben Campbell 57%
Thomas Campbell 49%
Chris Cannon 88%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 51%
John Chafee 48%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 51%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 30%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 39%
Robert Clement 41%
Michael Collins 88%
Larry Combest 88%
Gary Condit 47%
Kent Conrad 20%
Merrill Cook 85%
John Cooksey 88%
Jerry Costello 22%
Paul Coverdell 72%
Christopher Cox 88%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 72%
Robert Cramer 46%
Philip Crane 81%
Barbara Cubin 81%
Randall Cunningham 78%
Patsy Ann Danner 48%
Thomas Daschle 10%
James Davis 41%
Thomas Davis III 59%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 88%
Peter Deutsch 32%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 49%
Jay Dickey 88%
Norm Dicks 21%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 55%
Calvin Dooley 39%
John Doolittle 85%
Byron Dorgan 20%
David Dreier 88%
Jennifer Dunn 79%
Chet Edwards 23%
Vern Ehlers 58%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 74%
Jo Ann Emerson 64%
Philip English 53%
Bob Etheridge 37%
Lane Evans 23%
Terry Everett 85%
Thomas Ewing 88%
Russ Feingold 36%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 81%
Michael Patrick Forbes 48%
Harold Ford, Jr. 30%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 70%
Tillie Fowler 67%
Barney Frank 23%
Robert Franks 54%
William Frist 62%
Jonas Frost III 32%
Elton Gallegly 74%
John Ganske 52%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
George Gekas 61%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 74%
Wayne Gilchrest 56%
Paul Gillmor 61%
Benjamin Gilman 51%
Newt Gingrich 88%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 70%
William Goodling 64%
Bart Gordon 42%
Slade Gorton 63%
Porter Goss 88%
Daniel Graham 36%
William Phillip Gramm 88%
Rodney Grams 85%
James Greenwood 57%
Judd Gregg 63%
Gilbert Gutknecht 61%
Tony Hall 36%
James Hansen 88%
J. Dennis Hastert 79%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 88%
Joel Hefley 88%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 79%
Rick Hill 57%
Van Hilleary 85%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 64%
Pete Hoekstra 85%
Thomas Holden 37%
Ernest Hollings 36%
Darlene Hooley 32%
Stephen Horn 56%
John Nathan Hostettler 70%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 49%
Kenny Hulshof 74%
Duncan Hunter 74%
Asa Hutchinson 59%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 88%
Kay Hutchison 82%
Henry Hyde 70%
Daniel Inouye 19%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 88%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 23%
William Jefferson 0%
James Merrill Jeffords 43%
William Lewis Jenkins 85%
Christopher John 47%
Nancy Johnson 46%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
Sue Kelly 59%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 10%
Patrick Kennedy 23%
Bob Kerrey 20%
Dale Kildee 22%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 34%
Ronald Klink 33%
Joseph Knollenberg 81%
Herb Kohl 41%
James Kolbe 70%
Dennis Kucinich 23%
Jon Kyl 88%
John LaFalce 22%
Ray LaHood 51%
Nicholas Lampson 0%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 72%
Steve LaTourette 55%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Rick Lazio 53%
James Leach 48%
Jerry Lewis 66%
Ron Lewis 81%
Joe Lieberman 43%
John Linder 88%
William Lipinski 45%
Robert Livingston 78%
Trent Lott, Sr. 83%
Dick Lugar 57%
William Luther 37%
Connie Mack 63%
James Maloney 42%
Don Manzullo 81%
Matthew Martinez 0%
Frank Mascara 23%
Robert Matsui 0%
Karen McCarthy 32%
Bill McCollum 74%
James McCrery III 67%
John McHugh 47%
Scott McInnis 88%
David McIntosh 88%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 23%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 23%
Carrie Meek 0%
Jack Metcalf 59%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 88%
David Minge 39%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 0%
Alan Mollohan 37%
Constance Morella 45%
Patrick Moynihan 0%
Frank Murkowski 85%
Jack Murtha 37%
Sue Myrick 88%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 64%
Robert William Ney 53%
Don Nickles 88%
Anne Northup 70%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 85%
James Nussle 59%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 29%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 81%
Ronald Packard 79%
Mike Parker 77%
Ron Paul 50%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 67%
John Peterson 88%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 88%
Owen Pickett 44%
Richard Pombo 85%
Earl Pomeroy 30%
John Edward Porter 52%
Deborah Pryce 67%
Jack Quinn 53%
George Radanovich 88%
James Ramstad 51%
Ralph Regula 59%
Silvestre Reyes 22%
Bob Riley 70%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 30%
Charles Robb 39%
Ciro Rodriguez 23%
Timothy Roemer 45%
James Rogan 67%
William Roth, Jr. 54%
Steve Rothman 23%
Marge Roukema 51%
Jim Ryun 88%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 43%
Rick Santorum 72%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 63%
Joe Scarborough 85%
Robert Schaffer 88%
John Shadegg 88%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 56%
Christopher Shays 47%
E.G. Shuster 74%
Norman Sisisky 40%
Joseph Skeen 61%
Ike Skelton 41%
Gordon Smith 57%
Nick Smith 72%
Bob Smith 88%
Olympia Snowe 49%
Vic Snyder 33%
Mark Souder 64%
Arlen Specter 47%
Floyd Spence 74%
John Spratt, Jr. 34%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 85%
Charles Stenholm 45%
Ted Stevens 52%
Ted Strickland 37%
Bob Stump 88%
Bart Stupak 23%
John Sununu 88%
James Talent 88%
John Tanner 43%
Ellen Tauscher 43%
William Tauzin 67%
Charles Taylor 85%
Gene Taylor 55%
Craig Thomas 72%
William Thomas 67%
Fred Thompson 88%
Karen Thurman 34%
Strom Thurmond 84%
Todd Tiahrt 88%
Robert Torricelli 32%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 47%
James Turner 45%
Bruce Vento 0%
James Walsh 50%
Zach Wamp 74%
John Warner 57%
Wesley Watkins 74%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 64%
David Weldon 79%
W. Curtis Weldon 55%
Gerald Weller 59%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 0%
Bob Weygand 34%
Bob Wise, Jr. 0%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 23%
Bill Young 78%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.