Rating Group: National Journal

2010 Liberal Composite Score

Issues: Liberal
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 36%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 65%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 38%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 15%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 21%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 23%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 24%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 54%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 16%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 10%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 17%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 49%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 79%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 71%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 64%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 67%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 81%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 18%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 74%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 91%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 52%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 79%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 88%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 53%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 91%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 93%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 90%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 9%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 20%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 88%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 20%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 97%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 74%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 79%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 13%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 94%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 84%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 85%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 17%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 83%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 23%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 97%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 21%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 23%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 11%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 76%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 61%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 60%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 87%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 71%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 5%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 26%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 53%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 71%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 94%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 62%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 87%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 54%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 75%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 62%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 12%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 27%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 75%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 21%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 31%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 72%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 23%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 83%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 33%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 22%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
FL U.S. House-21 Ted Deutch D 78%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 87%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 38%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 39%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 32%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 17%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 20%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 61%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 11%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 73%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 97%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 7%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 8%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 10%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 49%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 70%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 91%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 24%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 77%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 81%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 76%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 29%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 11%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 10%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 78%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 39%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 66%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 48%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 80%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 81%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 15%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 78%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 97%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 52%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 23%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 33%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 45%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 59%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 73%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 14%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 16%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 12%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 16%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 27%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 18%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 81%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 23%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 64%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 17%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 13%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 19%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 10%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 33%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 95%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 91%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 95%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 94%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 92%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 82%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 66%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 63%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 86%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 85%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 77%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 91%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 83%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 92%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 78%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 83%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 21%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 24%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 26%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 81%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 23%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 79%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 55%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 65%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken DFL 79%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 65%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 23%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 31%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 83%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 93%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 8%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 46%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 57%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 10%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 77%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 18%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 84%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 21%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 23%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 13%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 79%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 18%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 48%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 74%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 24%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 61%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 73%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 40%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 90%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 11%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 15%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 44%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 16%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 29%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 35%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 25%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 15%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 73%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 74%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 30%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 8%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 90%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 25%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 76%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 74%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 34%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 93%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 79%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 68%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 76%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 83%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 18%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 55%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 81%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 81%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 73%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 35%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 72%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 69%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 86%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 85%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 82%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 97%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 85%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 91%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 93%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 91%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 78%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 77%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 81%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 44%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 66%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 91%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 70%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 5%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 6%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 6%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 62%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 31%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 83%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 34%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 71%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 13%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 18%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 32%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 10%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 77%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 29%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 87%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 72%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 60%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 79%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 79%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 28%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 31%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 16%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 63%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 92%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 40%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 12%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 39%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 81%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 83%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 73%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 23%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 19%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 77%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 10%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 27%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 24%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 16%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 27%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 48%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 16%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 86%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 10%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 12%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 7%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 18%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 12%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 22%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 6%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 10%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 72%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 21%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 6%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 14%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 7%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 59%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 5%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 18%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 6%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 7%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 21%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 57%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 55%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 8%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 7%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 70%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 16%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 20%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 25%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 51%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 32%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 84%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 17%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 12%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 78%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 27%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 62%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 83%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 83%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 79%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 72%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 72%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 16%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 18%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 83%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 38%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 65%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 76%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 97%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 11%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 58%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 76%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 14%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 23%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 65%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 32%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 53%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 14%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 10%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 19%
Gary Ackerman 73%
John Adler 48%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Todd Akin 11%
Rodney Alexander 17%
Jason Altmire 46%
Rob Andrews 73%
Michael Arcuri 52%
Steve Austria 19%
Joe Baca, Sr. 63%
Brian Baird 59%
Roscoe Bartlett 26%
Max Baucus 49%
Melissa Bean 52%
Bob Bennett 34%
Shelley Berkley 67%
Howard Berman 81%
Marion Berry 54%
Judy Biggert 37%
Brian Bilbray 33%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
John Boccieri 54%
Kit Bond 27%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 19%
Mary Bono Mack 33%
Dan Boren 44%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Rick Boucher 46%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 53%
Bobby Bright 40%
Henry Brown, Jr. 22%
Scott Brown 35%
Ginny Brown-Waite 29%
Jim Bunning 14%
Dan Burton 14%
Steve Buyer 27%
Eric Cantor 18%
Joseph Cao 43%
Dennis Cardoza 62%
Russ Carnahan 67%
Christopher Carney 46%
Mike Castle 41%
Ben Chandler III 50%
Travis Childers 41%
Kent Conrad 72%
Jerry Costello 49%
Mark Critz 46%
Kathy Dahlkemper 50%
Artur Davis 58%
Geoff Davis 17%
Lincoln Davis 51%
Bill Delahunt 86%
James DeMint 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 38%
Norm Dicks 70%
Charles Djou 42%
Chris Dodd 74%
Byron Dorgan 76%
David Dreier 20%
Steve Driehaus 55%
Chet Edwards 49%
Vern Ehlers 40%
Brad Ellsworth 51%
Jo Ann Emerson 24%
John Ensign 23%
Bob Etheridge 61%
Russ Feingold 66%
Bob Filner 78%
Barney Frank 93%
Elton Gallegly 21%
Gabrielle Giffords 47%
Charlie Gonzalez 69%
Bart Gordon 62%
Judd Gregg 35%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 23%
John Hall 77%
Debbie Halvorson 52%
Phil Hare 72%
Jane Harman 82%
Wally Herger, Jr. 7%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 47%
Baron Hill 52%
Maurice Hinchey 85%
Paul Hodes 58%
Thomas Holden 46%
Kay Hutchison 15%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 23%
Daniel Inouye 78%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 80%
Tim Johnson 38%
Steve Kagen 77%
Paul Kanjorski 56%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Dale Kildee 75%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 72%
Mary Jo Kilroy 74%
Larry Kissell 56%
Ron Klein 63%
Herb Kohl 66%
Suzanne Kosmas 57%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 50%
Dennis Kucinich 75%
Jon Kyl 18%
Steve LaTourette 37%
Frank Lautenberg 80%
Chris Lee 31%
George LeMieux 23%
Jerry Lewis 8%
Joe Lieberman 47%
Blanche Lincoln 54%
John Linder 9%
Dick Lugar 36%
Dan Lungren 25%
Connie Mack IV 17%
Don Manzullo 18%
Betsy Markey 55%
Jim Marshall 42%
Thaddeus McCotter 28%
Michael McMahon 47%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 72%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 51%
Brad Miller 75%
Walt Minnick 43%
Harry Mitchell 44%
Alan Mollohan 62%
Dennis Moore 62%
Patrick Murphy 54%
Scott Murphy 58%
Sue Myrick 11%
Ben Nelson 42%
Glenn Nye III 45%
Jim Oberstar 89%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 97%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 52%
Ron Paul 32%
Donald Payne 75%
Tom Perriello 53%
Todd Platts 36%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
Denny Rehberg 19%
Silvestre Reyes 62%
Laura Richardson 73%
Ciro Rodriguez 64%
Mike Ross 46%
Steve Rothman 80%
Mark Schauer 59%
Jean Schmidt 6%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 72%
John Shadegg 9%
Heath Shuler 55%
Ike Skelton 46%
Olympia Snowe 37%
Vic Snyder 62%
Zack Space 45%
Arlen Specter 75%
John Spratt, Jr. 59%
Pete Stark 80%
Cliff Stearns 18%
Bart Stupak 73%
John Sullivan 13%
Betty Sutton 71%
John Tanner 45%
Gene Taylor 40%
Harry Teague 54%
Todd Tiahrt 9%
Ed Towns 90%
George Voinovich 39%
Diane Watson 87%
Mel Watt 79%
Jim Webb, Jr. 58%
Anthony Weiner 75%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 59%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
David Wu 57%
Bill Young 24%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.