Rating Group: National Journal

2010 Liberal Composite Score

Issues: Liberal
State Office Name Party Rating
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 97%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 97%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 97%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 97%
John Olver 97%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 97%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 97%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 95%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 95%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 94%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 94%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 94%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 93%
Barney Frank 93%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 93%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 93%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 93%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 92%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 92%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 92%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 91%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 91%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 91%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 91%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 91%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 91%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 91%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 91%
Ed Towns 90%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 90%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 90%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 90%
Lynn Woolsey 90%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
Jim Oberstar 89%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 88%
Dave Obey 88%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 88%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 88%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 87%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 87%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 87%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 87%
Diane Watson 87%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 86%
Bill Delahunt 86%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 86%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 86%
Maurice Hinchey 85%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 85%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 85%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 85%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 85%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 84%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 84%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 84%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 83%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 83%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 83%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 83%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 83%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 83%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 83%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 83%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 83%
Jane Harman 82%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 82%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 82%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 82%
Howard Berman 81%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 81%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 81%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 81%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 81%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 81%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 81%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 81%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 81%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 81%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 80%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
Frank Lautenberg 80%
Pete Stark 80%
Steve Rothman 80%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 80%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 79%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken DFL 79%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 79%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 79%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 79%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 79%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 79%
Mel Watt 79%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 79%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 79%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 79%
FL U.S. House-21 Ted Deutch D 78%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 78%
Bob Filner 78%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 78%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 78%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 78%
Daniel Inouye 78%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 78%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 77%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 77%
John Hall 77%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 77%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 77%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 77%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 77%
Steve Kagen 77%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 76%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 76%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Byron Dorgan 76%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 76%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 76%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 76%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 76%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 75%
Dennis Kucinich 75%
Arlen Specter 75%
Anthony Weiner 75%
Donald Payne 75%
Dale Kildee 75%
Brad Miller 75%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 75%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 74%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 74%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 74%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 74%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 74%
Chris Dodd 74%
Mary Jo Kilroy 74%
Rob Andrews 73%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 73%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 73%
Laura Richardson 73%
Gary Ackerman 73%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 73%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 73%
Bart Stupak 73%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 73%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 73%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 72%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 72%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 72%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 72%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 72%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 72%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 72%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 72%
Kent Conrad 72%
Phil Hare 72%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 72%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 71%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 71%
Betty Sutton 71%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 71%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 71%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 71%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 70%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 70%
Norm Dicks 70%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 70%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 69%
Charlie Gonzalez 69%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 68%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 67%
Russ Carnahan 67%
Shelley Berkley 67%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Herb Kohl 66%
Russ Feingold 66%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 66%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 66%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 66%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 65%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 65%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 65%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 65%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 65%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 64%
Ciro Rodriguez 64%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 64%
Ron Klein 63%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 63%
Joe Baca, Sr. 63%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 63%
Alan Mollohan 62%
Silvestre Reyes 62%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 62%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 62%
Bart Gordon 62%
Dennis Cardoza 62%
Dennis Moore 62%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 62%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 62%
Vic Snyder 62%
Bob Etheridge 61%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 61%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 61%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 61%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 60%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 60%
Brian Baird 59%
John Spratt, Jr. 59%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 59%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 59%
Mark Schauer 59%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 59%
Paul Hodes 58%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 58%
Scott Murphy 58%
Artur Davis 58%
Jim Webb, Jr. 58%
Suzanne Kosmas 57%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 57%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 57%
David Wu 57%
Paul Kanjorski 56%
Larry Kissell 56%
Steve Driehaus 55%
Heath Shuler 55%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 55%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 55%
Betsy Markey 55%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 55%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 54%
Blanche Lincoln 54%
Patrick Murphy 54%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 54%
Harry Teague 54%
Marion Berry 54%
John Boccieri 54%
Tom Perriello 53%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 53%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 53%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 53%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 53%
Baron Hill 52%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 52%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 52%
Michael Arcuri 52%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 52%
Debbie Halvorson 52%
Melissa Bean 52%
Brad Ellsworth 51%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 51%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 51%
Lincoln Davis 51%
Kathy Dahlkemper 50%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 50%
Ben Chandler III 50%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 49%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
Jerry Costello 49%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 49%
Chet Edwards 49%
Max Baucus 49%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 48%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 48%
John Adler 48%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 48%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 47%
Gabrielle Giffords 47%
Joe Lieberman 47%
Michael McMahon 47%
Mike Ross 46%
Ike Skelton 46%
Christopher Carney 46%
Jason Altmire 46%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 46%
Rick Boucher 46%
Mark Critz 46%
Thomas Holden 46%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 45%
Zack Space 45%
John Tanner 45%
Glenn Nye III 45%
Harry Mitchell 44%
Dan Boren 44%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 44%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 44%
Walt Minnick 43%
Joseph Cao 43%
Ben Nelson 42%
Jim Marshall 42%
Charles Djou 42%
Mike Castle 41%
Travis Childers 41%
Vern Ehlers 40%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 40%
Bobby Bright 40%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 40%
Gene Taylor 40%
George Voinovich 39%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 39%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 39%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 39%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 38%
Tim Johnson 38%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 38%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 38%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 38%
Steve LaTourette 37%
Judy Biggert 37%
Olympia Snowe 37%
Dick Lugar 36%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 36%
Todd Platts 36%
Scott Brown 35%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 35%
Judd Gregg 35%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 35%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 34%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 34%
Bob Bennett 34%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 33%
Mary Bono Mack 33%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 33%
Brian Bilbray 33%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 33%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 32%
Ron Paul 32%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 32%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 32%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 32%
Chris Lee 31%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 31%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 31%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 31%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 31%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 30%
Ginny Brown-Waite 29%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 29%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 29%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 29%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 28%
Thaddeus McCotter 28%
Kit Bond 27%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 27%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 27%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 27%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 27%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 27%
Steve Buyer 27%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 26%
Roscoe Bartlett 26%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 26%
Dan Lungren 25%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 25%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 25%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 25%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 24%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 24%
Jo Ann Emerson 24%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 24%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 24%
Bill Young 24%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 24%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 23%
George LeMieux 23%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 23%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 23%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 23%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 23%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 23%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 23%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 23%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 23%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 23%
John Ensign 23%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 23%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 23%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 23%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 22%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 22%
Henry Brown, Jr. 22%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 21%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 21%
Elton Gallegly 21%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 21%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 21%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 21%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 21%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 21%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 20%
David Dreier 20%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 20%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 20%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 20%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 20%
Steve Austria 19%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 19%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 19%
Denny Rehberg 19%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 19%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 19%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 18%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 18%
Eric Cantor 18%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 18%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 18%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 18%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 18%
Don Manzullo 18%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 18%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 18%
Jon Kyl 18%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 18%
Cliff Stearns 18%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 17%
Connie Mack IV 17%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 17%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 17%
Rodney Alexander 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 17%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 17%
Geoff Davis 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 17%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 16%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 16%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 16%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 16%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 16%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 16%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 16%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 16%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 16%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 15%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 15%
Kay Hutchison 15%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 15%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 15%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 14%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 14%
Jim Bunning 14%
Dan Burton 14%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 14%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 13%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 13%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 13%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 13%
John Sullivan 13%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 12%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 12%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 12%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 12%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 12%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 12%
Sue Myrick 11%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 11%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 11%
Todd Akin 11%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 11%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 11%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 11%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
James DeMint 10%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 10%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 10%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 10%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 10%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 10%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 10%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 10%
John Shadegg 9%
John Linder 9%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 9%
Todd Tiahrt 9%
Jerry Lewis 8%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 8%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 8%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 8%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 8%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 7%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 7%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 7%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 7%
Wally Herger, Jr. 7%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 7%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 6%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 6%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 6%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 6%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 6%
Jean Schmidt 6%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 5%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 5%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 5%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 5%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.