Rating Group: National Journal

2010 Liberal on Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 35%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 47%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 38%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 12%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 29%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 21%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 47%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 12%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 26%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 49%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 66%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 78%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 47%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 47%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 78%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 26%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 78%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 84%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 49%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 92%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 63%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 91%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 56%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 78%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 78%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 92%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 97%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 28%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 83%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 21%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 97%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 78%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 56%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 92%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 71%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 92%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 92%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 12%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 73%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 21%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 97%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 35%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 97%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 36%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 26%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 12%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 66%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 47%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 47%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 90%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 84%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 29%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 45%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 66%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 92%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 56%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 73%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 54%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 47%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 47%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 12%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 39%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 66%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 29%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 29%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 78%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 12%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 73%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 26%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 12%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 90%
FL U.S. House-21 Ted Deutch D 83%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 92%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 36%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 38%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 29%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 33%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 26%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 56%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 23%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 73%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 97%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 12%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 49%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 66%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 84%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 47%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 84%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 78%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 29%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 33%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 47%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 38%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 72%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 42%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 73%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 84%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 12%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 84%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 97%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 49%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 12%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 36%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 45%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 56%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 56%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 12%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 12%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 84%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 12%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 47%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 0%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 33%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 92%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 92%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 92%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 97%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 92%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 73%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 65%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 47%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 47%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 56%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 78%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 97%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 66%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 84%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 77%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 34%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 97%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 92%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 47%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 47%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 21%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 12%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 21%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 66%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 12%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 71%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 90%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 55%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 47%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken DFL 47%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 66%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 26%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 29%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 84%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 84%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 52%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 47%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 84%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 21%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 84%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 24%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 84%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 12%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 41%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 47%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 47%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 65%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 43%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 84%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 12%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 29%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 48%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 23%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 28%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 33%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 12%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 0%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 47%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 66%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 47%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 12%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 12%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 84%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 0%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 62%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 78%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 35%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 84%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 47%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 78%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 66%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 47%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 0%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 56%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 47%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 47%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 63%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 38%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 63%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 65%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 65%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 84%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 92%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 97%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 78%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 91%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 97%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 92%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 73%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 56%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 73%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 44%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 78%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 90%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 66%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 47%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 62%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 21%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 92%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 33%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 73%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 12%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 36%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 47%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 26%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 92%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 92%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 73%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 47%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 78%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 84%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 29%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 12%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 12%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 56%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 92%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 39%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 12%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 36%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 47%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 47%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 56%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 12%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 66%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 47%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 36%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 40%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 12%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 39%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 48%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 28%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 91%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 26%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 29%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 66%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 0%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 56%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 97%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 12%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 55%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 47%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 77%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 84%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 21%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 32%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 52%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 41%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 33%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 92%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 12%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 12%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 84%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 12%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 66%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 47%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 47%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 63%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 47%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 47%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 63%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 78%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 39%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 84%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 89%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 97%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 56%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 78%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 33%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 29%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 47%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 21%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 44%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 0%
Gary Ackerman 62%
John Adler 49%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 47%
Todd Akin 23%
Rodney Alexander 29%
Jason Altmire 42%
Rob Andrews 62%
Michael Arcuri 56%
Steve Austria 12%
Joe Baca, Sr. 49%
Brian Baird 73%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
Max Baucus 41%
Melissa Bean 48%
Bob Bennett 41%
Shelley Berkley 65%
Howard Berman 71%
Marion Berry 63%
Judy Biggert 36%
Brian Bilbray 33%
Jeff Bingaman 47%
John Boccieri 52%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 12%
Mary Bono Mack 32%
Dan Boren 48%
Leonard Boswell 66%
Rick Boucher 45%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 55%
Bobby Bright 44%
Henry Brown, Jr. 25%
Scott Brown 30%
Ginny Brown-Waite 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 29%
Steve Buyer 29%
Eric Cantor 26%
Joseph Cao 41%
Dennis Cardoza 66%
Russ Carnahan 66%
Christopher Carney 43%
Mike Castle 39%
Ben Chandler III 51%
Travis Childers 41%
Kent Conrad 47%
Jerry Costello 40%
Mark Critz 45%
Kathy Dahlkemper 49%
Artur Davis 72%
Geoff Davis 24%
Lincoln Davis 56%
Bill Delahunt 76%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 37%
Norm Dicks 56%
Charles Djou 40%
Chris Dodd 47%
Byron Dorgan 47%
David Dreier 0%
Steve Driehaus 56%
Chet Edwards 52%
Vern Ehlers 41%
Brad Ellsworth 51%
Jo Ann Emerson 12%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 52%
Russ Feingold 47%
Bob Filner 65%
Barney Frank 84%
Elton Gallegly 12%
Gabrielle Giffords 44%
Charlie Gonzalez 56%
Bart Gordon 54%
Judd Gregg 38%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 23%
John Hall 66%
Debbie Halvorson 45%
Phil Hare 77%
Jane Harman 89%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 43%
Baron Hill 52%
Maurice Hinchey 91%
Paul Hodes 65%
Thomas Holden 44%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 21%
Daniel Inouye 47%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 78%
Tim Johnson 39%
Steve Kagen 92%
Paul Kanjorski 49%
Patrick Kennedy 84%
Dale Kildee 78%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 76%
Mary Jo Kilroy 77%
Larry Kissell 56%
Ron Klein 56%
Herb Kohl 47%
Suzanne Kosmas 56%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 56%
Dennis Kucinich 55%
Jon Kyl 0%
Steve LaTourette 33%
Frank Lautenberg 47%
Chris Lee 33%
George LeMieux 0%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 36%
Blanche Lincoln 47%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 41%
Dan Lungren 29%
Connie Mack IV 29%
Don Manzullo 12%
Betsy Markey 56%
Jim Marshall 45%
Thaddeus McCotter 12%
Michael McMahon 42%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 56%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 52%
Brad Miller 65%
Walt Minnick 42%
Harry Mitchell 46%
Alan Mollohan 54%
Dennis Moore 56%
Patrick Murphy 47%
Scott Murphy 63%
Sue Myrick 12%
Ben Nelson 41%
Glenn Nye III 47%
Jim Oberstar 84%
Dave Obey 91%
John Olver 97%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 45%
Ron Paul 40%
Donald Payne 72%
Tom Perriello 52%
Todd Platts 29%
Earl Pomeroy 49%
Denny Rehberg 12%
Silvestre Reyes 47%
Laura Richardson 77%
Ciro Rodriguez 72%
Mike Ross 48%
Steve Rothman 78%
Mark Schauer 66%
Jean Schmidt 0%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 73%
John Shadegg 0%
Heath Shuler 77%
Ike Skelton 47%
Olympia Snowe 30%
Vic Snyder 56%
Zack Space 41%
Arlen Specter 47%
John Spratt, Jr. 55%
Pete Stark 73%
Cliff Stearns 12%
Bart Stupak 89%
John Sullivan 0%
Betty Sutton 66%
John Tanner 43%
Gene Taylor 41%
Harry Teague 47%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Ed Towns 97%
George Voinovich 38%
Diane Watson 76%
Mel Watt 78%
Jim Webb, Jr. 47%
Anthony Weiner 73%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 54%
Lynn Woolsey 77%
David Wu 56%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.