Rating Group: National Journal

2010 Liberal on Social Policy

Issues: Liberal , Social
State Office Name Party Rating
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 93%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 93%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 93%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 93%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 93%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 93%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 93%
Bob Filner 93%
Barney Frank 93%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 93%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 93%
Dennis Kucinich 93%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 93%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 93%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 93%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 93%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 93%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 93%
John Olver 93%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 93%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 93%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 93%
Pete Stark 93%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 93%
Ed Towns 93%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 93%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 93%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 89%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 89%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 89%
Jane Harman 89%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 89%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 89%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 89%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 89%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 89%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 88%
Diane Watson 88%
Howard Berman 87%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 87%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 87%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 87%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 87%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 87%
Rob Andrews 86%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 86%
Bill Delahunt 86%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 86%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
Gary Ackerman 82%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 82%
John Hall 82%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 82%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 82%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 82%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 82%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
Jim Oberstar 82%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 82%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 82%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 82%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 82%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 82%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 80%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Maurice Hinchey 80%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 80%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 80%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 80%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 80%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 79%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 79%
Steve Rothman 79%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 77%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 77%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 77%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 77%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 77%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 77%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 77%
Dave Obey 77%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 77%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 77%
Mel Watt 77%
Anthony Weiner 77%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 76%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 76%
Laura Richardson 76%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 75%
Donald Payne 75%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 75%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 75%
Shelley Berkley 71%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 71%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 71%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 71%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 71%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 71%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 71%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 71%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 71%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 71%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 71%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 71%
Ron Klein 71%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 71%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 71%
Brad Miller 71%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 71%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 71%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 71%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 70%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 70%
Mary Jo Kilroy 70%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
FL U.S. House-21 Ted Deutch D 69%
Bart Gordon 69%
Harry Teague 69%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 67%
Phil Hare 67%
Steve Kagen 67%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 67%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 67%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 67%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 66%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 66%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 66%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 66%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 66%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 65%
Jeff Bingaman 65%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 65%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 65%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 65%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 65%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 65%
Kent Conrad 65%
Chris Dodd 65%
Byron Dorgan 65%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 65%
Russ Feingold 65%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken DFL 65%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 65%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 65%
Daniel Inouye 65%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 65%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 65%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 65%
Frank Lautenberg 65%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 65%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 65%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 65%
Alan Mollohan 65%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 65%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 65%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 65%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 65%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 65%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 65%
Arlen Specter 65%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 65%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 65%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 65%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 63%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 63%
Joe Baca, Sr. 61%
Leonard Boswell 61%
Russ Carnahan 61%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 61%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 61%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 61%
Norm Dicks 61%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 61%
Dale Kildee 61%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 61%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 61%
Dennis Moore 61%
Scott Murphy 61%
Ciro Rodriguez 61%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 61%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 61%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 61%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 61%
Betty Sutton 61%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 61%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
Paul Hodes 60%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 60%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 60%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 60%
Dennis Cardoza 59%
Herb Kohl 59%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 59%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 59%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 59%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 59%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 58%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 58%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 58%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 58%
Tom Perriello 58%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 58%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 57%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 54%
Marion Berry 54%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 54%
Artur Davis 54%
Debbie Halvorson 54%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 54%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 54%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 54%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 54%
Larry Kissell 54%
Suzanne Kosmas 54%
Betsy Markey 54%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 54%
Patrick Murphy 54%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 54%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
Mark Schauer 54%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 54%
John Spratt, Jr. 54%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 54%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 54%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 53%
John Boccieri 52%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 52%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 52%
Michael McMahon 52%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 52%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 52%
Vic Snyder 52%
Brian Baird 51%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Jim Webb, Jr. 51%
David Wu 51%
Melissa Bean 49%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 49%
Steve Driehaus 49%
Chet Edwards 49%
Brad Ellsworth 49%
Bob Etheridge 49%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 49%
Gabrielle Giffords 49%
Baron Hill 49%
Paul Kanjorski 49%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 48%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 48%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 48%
Ben Chandler III 47%
Kathy Dahlkemper 47%
Charles Djou 47%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 47%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 47%
Zack Space 47%
John Adler 46%
Jason Altmire 46%
Rick Boucher 46%
Joseph Cao 46%
Walt Minnick 46%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 46%
John Tanner 46%
Max Baucus 45%
Christopher Carney 45%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 45%
Michael Arcuri 44%
Lincoln Davis 44%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 44%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 44%
Harry Mitchell 44%
Glenn Nye III 44%
Ike Skelton 44%
Jerry Costello 43%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 43%
Mike Ross 43%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 42%
Mike Castle 42%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 42%
Thomas Holden 42%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 42%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 42%
Heath Shuler 42%
Dan Boren 41%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 41%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 41%
Ben Nelson 41%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 41%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 40%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 40%
George Voinovich 40%
Travis Childers 39%
Vern Ehlers 39%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 39%
Jim Marshall 39%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 39%
Todd Platts 39%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 39%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
Mark Critz 38%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 38%
Steve LaTourette 38%
Olympia Snowe 38%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 38%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 37%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 37%
Judy Biggert 36%
Mary Bono Mack 36%
Bobby Bright 36%
Scott Brown 36%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 36%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 36%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 36%
Tim Johnson 36%
Gene Taylor 36%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 35%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
Dick Lugar 35%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 35%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 35%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 34%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 34%
Judd Gregg 34%
Ron Paul 34%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 33%
Elton Gallegly 33%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 33%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 33%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 33%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 33%
Bob Bennett 32%
Brian Bilbray 31%
Kit Bond 31%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 31%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 31%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 31%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 31%
Thaddeus McCotter 31%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 31%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 31%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
John Ensign 30%
Jo Ann Emerson 29%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 29%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 29%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 29%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 29%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 29%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 29%
Bill Young 29%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 27%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 26%
Henry Brown, Jr. 25%
Ginny Brown-Waite 25%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 25%
Steve Buyer 25%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 25%
David Dreier 25%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 25%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 25%
Chris Lee 25%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 25%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 25%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 25%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 25%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 25%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 25%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 25%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 25%
John Sullivan 24%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 23%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 23%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 23%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 23%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 23%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 23%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 21%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 21%
Jon Kyl 21%
George LeMieux 21%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 21%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 18%
Steve Austria 18%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 18%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 18%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 18%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 18%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 18%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 18%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 18%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 18%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 18%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 18%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 18%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 18%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 18%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 18%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 18%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 18%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 18%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 18%
John Shadegg 18%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 18%
Cliff Stearns 18%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 16%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 16%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 16%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 16%
Dan Lungren 16%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 16%
Denny Rehberg 16%
Roscoe Bartlett 15%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
Todd Akin 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 0%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
Geoff Davis 0%
James DeMint 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
Jerry Lewis 0%
John Linder 0%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Don Manzullo 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
Jean Schmidt 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.