Rating Group: National Journal

2010 Liberal on Social Policy

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 82%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 18%
John Adler 46%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 65%
Todd Akin 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Jason Altmire 46%
Rob Andrews 86%
Michael Arcuri 44%
Steve Austria 18%
Joe Baca, Sr. 61%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 18%
Brian Baird 51%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 93%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 42%
Roscoe Bartlett 15%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 18%
Max Baucus 45%
Melissa Bean 49%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 63%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 54%
Bob Bennett 32%
Shelley Berkley 71%
Howard Berman 87%
Marion Berry 54%
Judy Biggert 36%
Brian Bilbray 31%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 16%
Jeff Bingaman 65%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 18%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 48%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 76%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
John Boccieri 52%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Kit Bond 31%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 18%
Mary Bono Mack 36%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
Dan Boren 41%
Leonard Boswell 61%
Rick Boucher 46%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 18%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 48%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 54%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 16%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 71%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 66%
Bobby Bright 36%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 80%
Henry Brown, Jr. 25%
Scott Brown 36%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 65%
Ginny Brown-Waite 25%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 36%
Jim Bunning 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 25%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
Dan Burton 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 66%
Steve Buyer 25%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 16%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 16%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 23%
Eric Cantor 18%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 65%
Joseph Cao 46%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 36%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 93%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 93%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 65%
Dennis Cardoza 59%
Russ Carnahan 61%
Christopher Carney 45%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 65%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 71%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 65%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 33%
Mike Castle 42%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 79%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 18%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
Ben Chandler III 47%
Travis Childers 39%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 93%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 70%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 89%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 71%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 25%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 93%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 34%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 61%
Kent Conrad 65%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 77%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 52%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 21%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 49%
Jerry Costello 43%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 61%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
Mark Critz 38%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 82%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 61%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 89%
Kathy Dahlkemper 47%
Artur Davis 54%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 70%
Geoff Davis 0%
Lincoln Davis 44%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 71%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 66%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 86%
Bill Delahunt 86%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
James DeMint 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 40%
FL U.S. House-21 Ted Deutch D 69%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 41%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 41%
Norm Dicks 61%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 76%
Charles Djou 47%
Chris Dodd 65%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 67%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 42%
Byron Dorgan 65%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 86%
David Dreier 25%
Steve Driehaus 49%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 65%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 77%
Chet Edwards 49%
Vern Ehlers 39%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 93%
Brad Ellsworth 49%
Jo Ann Emerson 29%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
John Ensign 30%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
Bob Etheridge 49%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 93%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 71%
Russ Feingold 65%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 47%
Bob Filner 93%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 18%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 34%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 49%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
Barney Frank 93%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken DFL 65%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 35%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 71%
Elton Gallegly 33%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 66%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 36%
Gabrielle Giffords 49%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 65%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
Bart Gordon 69%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 33%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 21%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 71%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 77%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 58%
Judd Gregg 34%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 23%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 89%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 18%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 71%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 53%
John Hall 82%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 23%
Debbie Halvorson 54%
Phil Hare 67%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 65%
Jane Harman 89%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 29%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 75%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 25%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 27%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 61%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 18%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 54%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 58%
Baron Hill 49%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 52%
Maurice Hinchey 80%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 89%
Paul Hodes 60%
Thomas Holden 42%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 93%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 93%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 71%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 31%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
Daniel Inouye 65%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 71%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 71%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 23%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 82%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 79%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 0%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 29%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 77%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 65%
Tim Johnson 36%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 38%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
Steve Kagen 67%
Paul Kanjorski 49%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 54%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 65%
Dale Kildee 61%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 65%
Mary Jo Kilroy 70%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 54%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 31%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 18%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 39%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 54%
Larry Kissell 54%
Ron Klein 71%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 18%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 58%
Herb Kohl 59%
Suzanne Kosmas 54%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 44%
Dennis Kucinich 93%
Jon Kyl 21%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 31%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 57%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 71%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 61%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 89%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 25%
Steve LaTourette 38%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
Frank Lautenberg 65%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 65%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 93%
Chris Lee 25%
George LeMieux 21%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 65%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
Jerry Lewis 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
John Linder 0%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 44%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 67%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 82%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 18%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 18%
Dick Lugar 35%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 77%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 31%
Dan Lungren 16%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 71%
Connie Mack IV 0%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 58%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 77%
Don Manzullo 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
Betsy Markey 54%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 93%
Jim Marshall 39%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 89%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 59%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 16%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 48%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 29%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 18%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 89%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 31%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 93%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 93%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 18%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 39%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 25%
Michael McMahon 52%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 31%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 54%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 61%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 93%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 52%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 63%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 77%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 65%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 18%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
Brad Miller 71%
Walt Minnick 46%
Harry Mitchell 44%
Alan Mollohan 65%
Dennis Moore 61%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 80%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 82%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 37%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 82%
Patrick Murphy 54%
Scott Murphy 61%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 40%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 65%
Sue Myrick 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 93%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 89%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
Ben Nelson 41%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 54%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 18%
Glenn Nye III 44%
Jim Oberstar 82%
Dave Obey 77%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
John Olver 93%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 52%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 42%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 87%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 71%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 67%
Ron Paul 34%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 31%
Donald Payne 75%
Tom Perriello 58%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 58%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 41%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 0%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 80%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
Todd Platts 39%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 67%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 29%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 93%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 42%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 33%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 82%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 46%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 87%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 65%
Denny Rehberg 16%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 37%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 65%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Laura Richardson 76%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 59%
Ciro Rodriguez 61%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 29%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 23%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 25%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 25%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 43%
Mike Ross 43%
Steve Rothman 79%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 61%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 60%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 77%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 60%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 93%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 75%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 65%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 88%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 93%
Mark Schauer 54%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 61%
Jean Schmidt 0%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 33%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 47%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 65%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 61%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 71%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 82%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 82%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 21%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 61%
John Shadegg 18%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 65%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 66%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 26%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
Heath Shuler 42%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 80%
Ike Skelton 44%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 54%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 18%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 35%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 29%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Vic Snyder 52%
Zack Space 47%
Arlen Specter 65%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 87%
John Spratt, Jr. 54%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 65%
Pete Stark 93%
Cliff Stearns 18%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sullivan 24%
Betty Sutton 61%
John Tanner 46%
Gene Taylor 36%
Harry Teague 69%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 25%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 45%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 67%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 25%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 77%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 35%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 93%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 54%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 71%
Ed Towns 93%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 87%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 38%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 59%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 65%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 82%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 93%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 60%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
George Voinovich 40%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 25%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 61%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 54%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 87%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 75%
Diane Watson 88%
Mel Watt 77%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 93%
Jim Webb, Jr. 51%
Anthony Weiner 77%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 82%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 65%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 33%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 23%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 59%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 25%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 25%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
David Wu 51%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 80%
Bill Young 29%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 39%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.