Rating Group: National Journal

2010 Liberal on Social Policy

Issues: Liberal , Social
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 37%
AK U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Begich D 63%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 39%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 26%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 21%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 23%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 18%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 18%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 42%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 18%
AZ U.S. House-1 Ann Kirkpatrick D 54%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 89%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 67%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 47%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 48%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 66%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 18%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 77%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 89%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 54%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 93%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 93%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 87%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 49%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 93%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 93%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 18%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 16%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 93%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 25%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 93%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 61%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 89%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 93%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 93%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 75%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 16%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 75%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 23%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 93%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 23%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 71%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 59%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Michael Bennet D 54%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 86%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 67%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 25%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 60%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 82%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 89%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 61%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 52%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 65%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 54%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 80%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 29%
FL U.S. House-9 Alan Grayson D 71%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 16%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 79%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 36%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 25%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 75%
FL U.S. House-21 Ted Deutch D 69%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 87%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 41%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 43%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 33%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 18%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 48%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 77%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 93%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 42%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 71%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 89%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 21%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 65%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 66%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 67%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 25%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 31%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 65%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 39%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 60%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 44%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 71%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 82%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 70%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 93%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 49%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
IL U.S. House-18 Aaron Schock R 33%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 42%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 60%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 71%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 33%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 18%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 80%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 29%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 57%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 18%
LA U.S. House-4 John Fleming, Jr. R 0%
LA U.S. House-6 Bill Cassidy R 33%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 93%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 93%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 87%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 93%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 93%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 71%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 65%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 65%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 61%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 88%
MD U.S. House-4 Donna Edwards D 77%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 71%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 89%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 82%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 80%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 77%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 65%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 65%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 16%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 25%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 82%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 18%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 76%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 77%
MI U.S. House-14 Gary Peters D 58%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 58%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken DFL 65%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 61%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 18%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 31%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 89%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 93%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 41%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 48%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 18%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 89%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 67%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 29%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 45%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 65%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
NC U.S. Senate-Jr Kay Hagan D 53%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 66%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 38%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 93%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 39%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 18%
NE U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Johanns R 29%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 34%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 25%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 18%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 65%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 66%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 65%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 35%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 87%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 31%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 80%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 71%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 35%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 93%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 65%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 61%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 77%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 65%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 18%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 54%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 65%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 65%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 76%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 31%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 71%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 59%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 93%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 93%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 70%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 93%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 77%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 87%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 82%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 82%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 82%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 71%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 42%
NY U.S. House-24 Dan Maffei Other 58%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 86%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 58%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 65%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 54%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 38%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 71%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 35%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 77%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 18%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 34%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 63%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 25%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 93%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 66%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 47%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 65%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 71%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 71%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 25%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 36%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 61%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 86%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 40%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 40%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 65%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 65%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 71%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 33%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 23%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 71%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 65%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 21%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 52%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 93%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 23%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 18%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 16%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 77%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 29%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 79%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 29%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 25%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 61%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 58%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 67%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 27%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 18%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 18%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 49%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 54%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 25%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 82%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 18%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 82%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 25%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 61%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 65%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 65%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 82%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 65%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 65%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 61%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 25%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 31%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 93%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 37%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 54%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 71%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 93%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 54%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 80%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 59%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 36%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 46%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
WY U.S. House-At-Large Cynthia Lummis R 31%
Gary Ackerman 82%
John Adler 46%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 65%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Jason Altmire 46%
Rob Andrews 86%
Michael Arcuri 44%
Steve Austria 18%
Joe Baca, Sr. 61%
Brian Baird 51%
Roscoe Bartlett 15%
Max Baucus 45%
Melissa Bean 49%
Bob Bennett 32%
Shelley Berkley 71%
Howard Berman 87%
Marion Berry 54%
Judy Biggert 36%
Brian Bilbray 31%
Jeff Bingaman 65%
John Boccieri 52%
Kit Bond 31%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 18%
Mary Bono Mack 36%
Dan Boren 41%
Leonard Boswell 61%
Rick Boucher 46%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 54%
Bobby Bright 36%
Henry Brown, Jr. 25%
Scott Brown 36%
Ginny Brown-Waite 25%
Jim Bunning 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 25%
Joseph Cao 46%
Dennis Cardoza 59%
Russ Carnahan 61%
Christopher Carney 45%
Mike Castle 42%
Ben Chandler III 47%
Travis Childers 39%
Kent Conrad 65%
Jerry Costello 43%
Mark Critz 38%
Kathy Dahlkemper 47%
Artur Davis 54%
Geoff Davis 0%
Lincoln Davis 44%
Bill Delahunt 86%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 41%
Norm Dicks 61%
Charles Djou 47%
Chris Dodd 65%
Byron Dorgan 65%
David Dreier 25%
Steve Driehaus 49%
Chet Edwards 49%
Vern Ehlers 39%
Brad Ellsworth 49%
Jo Ann Emerson 29%
John Ensign 30%
Bob Etheridge 49%
Russ Feingold 65%
Bob Filner 93%
Barney Frank 93%
Elton Gallegly 33%
Gabrielle Giffords 49%
Charlie Gonzalez 80%
Bart Gordon 69%
Judd Gregg 34%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 23%
John Hall 82%
Debbie Halvorson 54%
Phil Hare 67%
Jane Harman 89%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 54%
Baron Hill 49%
Maurice Hinchey 80%
Paul Hodes 60%
Thomas Holden 42%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 31%
Daniel Inouye 65%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 82%
Tim Johnson 36%
Steve Kagen 67%
Paul Kanjorski 49%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
Dale Kildee 61%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 65%
Mary Jo Kilroy 70%
Larry Kissell 54%
Ron Klein 71%
Herb Kohl 59%
Suzanne Kosmas 54%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 44%
Dennis Kucinich 93%
Jon Kyl 21%
Steve LaTourette 38%
Frank Lautenberg 65%
Chris Lee 25%
George LeMieux 21%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 35%
Dan Lungren 16%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Don Manzullo 0%
Betsy Markey 54%
Jim Marshall 39%
Thaddeus McCotter 31%
Michael McMahon 52%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 61%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 52%
Brad Miller 71%
Walt Minnick 46%
Harry Mitchell 44%
Alan Mollohan 65%
Dennis Moore 61%
Patrick Murphy 54%
Scott Murphy 61%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 41%
Glenn Nye III 44%
Jim Oberstar 82%
Dave Obey 77%
John Olver 93%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 52%
Ron Paul 34%
Donald Payne 75%
Tom Perriello 58%
Todd Platts 39%
Earl Pomeroy 54%
Denny Rehberg 16%
Silvestre Reyes 70%
Laura Richardson 76%
Ciro Rodriguez 61%
Mike Ross 43%
Steve Rothman 79%
Mark Schauer 54%
Jean Schmidt 0%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 61%
John Shadegg 18%
Heath Shuler 42%
Ike Skelton 44%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Vic Snyder 52%
Zack Space 47%
Arlen Specter 65%
John Spratt, Jr. 54%
Pete Stark 93%
Cliff Stearns 18%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sullivan 24%
Betty Sutton 61%
John Tanner 46%
Gene Taylor 36%
Harry Teague 69%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Ed Towns 93%
George Voinovich 40%
Diane Watson 88%
Mel Watt 77%
Jim Webb, Jr. 51%
Anthony Weiner 77%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 59%
Lynn Woolsey 93%
David Wu 51%
Bill Young 29%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.