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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Robert Dole 86%
Robert Dornan 85%
Bill Emerson 85%
Jack Fields, Jr. 85%
Dan Frisa 85%
David Funderburk 85%
Melton Hancock 85%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 85%
James Quillen 85%
Andrea Seastrand 85%
Robert Walker 85%
William Cohen 81%
Bill Archer 79%
Richard Armey 79%
Cass Ballenger 79%
Bob Barr, Jr. 79%
Michael Bilirakis 79%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 79%
Henry Bonilla 79%
Ed Bryant 79%
Jim Bunning 79%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 79%
Dan Burton 79%
Steve Buyer 79%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 79%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 79%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 79%
Michael Collins 79%
Larry Combest 79%
Christopher Cox 79%
Philip Crane 79%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 79%
Barbara Cubin 79%
Randall Cunningham 79%
Thomas DeLay 79%
Jay Dickey 79%
John Doolittle 79%
David Dreier 79%
Jennifer Dunn 79%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 79%
Tillie Fowler 79%
George Gekas 79%
Porter Goss 79%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 79%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 79%
Joel Hefley 79%
Wally Herger, Jr. 79%
Van Hilleary 79%
Duncan Hunter 79%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 79%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 79%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 79%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 79%
Jay Kim 79%
Stephen Largent 79%
Ron Lewis 79%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 79%
Bill McCollum 79%
David McIntosh 79%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 79%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 79%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 79%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 79%
Michael Oxley 79%
William Paxon 79%
Richard Pombo 79%
Deborah Pryce 79%
Jack Quinn 79%
George Radanovich 79%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 79%
Jim Saxton 79%
Joe Scarborough 79%
Daniel Schaefer 79%
Steven Schiff 79%
John Shadegg 79%
E.G. Shuster 79%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 79%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 79%
Mark Souder 79%
Cliff Stearns 79%
Bob Stump 79%
James Talent 79%
William Tauzin 79%
David Weldon 79%
Rick White 79%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 79%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 74%
John Ashcroft 74%
Conrad Burns 74%
Ben Campbell 74%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 74%
Paul Coverdell 74%
Larry Craig 74%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 74%
William Frist 74%
William Phillip Gramm 74%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 74%
Jesse Helms 74%
Kay Hutchison 74%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 74%
Dirk Kempthorne 74%
Jon Kyl 74%
Trent Lott, Sr. 74%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 74%
Don Nickles 74%
Rick Santorum 74%
Bob Smith 74%
Craig Thomas 74%
Fred Thompson 74%
Strom Thurmond 74%
John Warner 74%
William Baker 73%
Dick Chrysler 73%
Gary Franks 73%
Enid Greene 73%
James Longley, Jr. 73%
Randy Tate 73%
Bill Zeliff 73%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 72%
Richard Hugh Baker 72%
Sonny Bono 72%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 72%
Terry Everett 72%
Michael Patrick Forbes 72%
Benjamin Gilman 72%
James Hansen 72%
J. Dennis Hastert 72%
David Lee Hobson 72%
Henry Hyde 72%
Joseph Knollenberg 72%
Jerry Lewis 72%
Robert Livingston 72%
James McCrery III 72%
Ronald Packard 72%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 72%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 72%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 72%
Joseph Skeen 72%
Floyd Spence 72%
Charles Taylor 72%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 72%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 72%
Bill Young 72%
Herbert Callahan 71%
Elton Gallegly 71%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 71%
James Walsh 71%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 70%
Rodney Grams 70%
Joseph McDade 70%
John McHugh 70%
Susan Molinari 70%
Frank Murkowski 70%
Dick Lugar 68%
William Roth, Jr. 68%
Bill Barrett 65%
Roscoe Bartlett 65%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 65%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 65%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 65%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 65%
Thomas Ewing 65%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 65%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 65%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 65%
John Nathan Hostettler 65%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 65%
Sue Kelly 65%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 65%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 65%
Jim Lightfoot 65%
Connie Mack 65%
Don Manzullo 65%
Dan Miller 65%
Sue Myrick 65%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 65%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 65%
Linda Smith 65%
TX U.S. House 36 Steve Stockman Republican 65%
William Thomas 65%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 65%
Zach Wamp 65%
W. Curtis Weldon 65%
Paul Gillmor 64%
Herbert Bateman 63%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 63%
Jon Lynn Christensen 63%
Alfonse D'Amato 63%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
John Linder 63%
Mike Parker 63%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 63%
Thomas Davis III 62%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 62%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 62%
Charlie Bass 60%
William Goodling 60%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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