Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 79%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 65%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 54%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 79%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 40%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 17%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 16%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 47%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 10%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 79%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 13%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 50%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 22%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 36%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 79%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 26%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 72%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 79%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 52%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 10%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 65%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 49%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 79%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 10%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 74%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 36%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 85%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 74%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 55%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 72%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 18%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 31%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 25%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 37%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 15%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 29%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 27%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 16%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 21%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 65%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 72%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 37%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 7%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 17%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 79%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 79%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 22%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 71%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 59%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 36%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 14%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 62%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 15%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 10%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 13%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 13%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 14%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 65%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 46%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 79%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
OH Governor John Kasich R 79%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 24%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 74%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 79%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 16%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 10%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 25%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 79%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 54%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 37%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 43%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 79%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 65%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 65%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 21%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 79%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 26%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 34%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 10%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 74%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 40%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 56%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 43%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
Neil Abercrombie 35%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 74%
Gary Ackerman 29%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 34%
Rob Andrews 52%
Bill Archer 79%
Richard Armey 79%
John Ashcroft 74%
Spencer Bachus 72%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 72%
William Baker 73%
Cass Ballenger 79%
James Barcia 43%
Bob Barr, Jr. 79%
Bill Barrett 65%
Roscoe Bartlett 65%
Charlie Bass 60%
Herbert Bateman 63%
Max Baucus 28%
Anthony Beilenson 0%
Bob Bennett 57%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 29%
Douglas Bereuter 54%
Howard Berman 0%
Tom Bevill 46%
Brian Bilbray 59%
Michael Bilirakis 79%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 63%
Henry Bonilla 79%
David Edward Bonior 19%
Sonny Bono 72%
Robert Borski, Jr. 19%
Rick Boucher 22%
Bill Bradley 28%
John Breaux 50%
Bill Brewster 44%
Glen Browder 50%
George Brown, Jr. 0%
Hank Brown 48%
Richard Bryan 17%
Ed Bryant 79%
John Bryant 34%
Dale Bumpers 0%
Jim Bunn 59%
Jim Bunning 79%
Conrad Burns 74%
Dan Burton 79%
Steve Buyer 79%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 71%
Dave Camp 48%
Ben Campbell 74%
Thomas Campbell 27%
Mike Castle 46%
John Chafee 54%
Saxby Chambliss 65%
Jim Chapman 46%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 79%
Jon Lynn Christensen 63%
Dick Chrysler 73%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 28%
Robert Clement 42%
William Clinger 48%
Howard Coble 52%
Thomas Coburn 54%
William Cohen 81%
Ronald Coleman 32%
Barbara-Rose Collins 14%
Cardiss Collins 0%
Michael Collins 79%
Larry Combest 79%
Gary Condit 37%
Kent Conrad 28%
Wes Cooley 55%
Jerry Costello 37%
Paul Coverdell 74%
Christopher Cox 79%
William Coyne 10%
Larry Craig 74%
Robert Cramer 48%
Philip Crane 79%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 55%
Barbara Cubin 79%
Randall Cunningham 79%
Alfonse D'Amato 63%
Patsy Ann Danner 26%
Thomas Daschle 24%
Thomas Davis III 62%
E. Kika de la Garza 41%
Thomas DeLay 79%
Ronald Dellums 0%
Peter Deutsch 19%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 72%
Jay Dickey 79%
Norm Dicks 37%
John Dingell 16%
Julian Dixon 24%
Chris Dodd 38%
Robert Dole 86%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 62%
Calvin Dooley 22%
John Doolittle 79%
Byron Dorgan 14%
Robert Dornan 85%
David Dreier 79%
Jennifer Dunn 79%
Chet Edwards 46%
Vern Ehlers 31%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 79%
Bill Emerson 85%
Philip English 51%
John Ensign 48%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 72%
Thomas Ewing 65%
Jim Exon 31%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 74%
Harris Fawell 55%
Victor Fazio 33%
Russ Feingold 7%
Cleo Fields 17%
Jack Fields, Jr. 85%
Bob Filner 10%
Floyd Flake 15%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 65%
Thomas Foglietta 0%
Mark Foley 54%
Michael Patrick Forbes 72%
Harold Ford, Sr. 0%
Wendell Ford 45%
Tillie Fowler 79%
Jon David Fox 52%
Barney Frank 0%
Gary Franks 73%
Robert Franks 31%
Dan Frisa 85%
William Frist 74%
Jonas Frost III 43%
David Funderburk 85%
Elizabeth Furse 0%
Elton Gallegly 71%
John Ganske 33%
Sam Gejdenson 22%
George Gekas 79%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 27%
Pete Geren 55%
Sam Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
Paul Gillmor 64%
Benjamin Gilman 72%
John Glenn 24%
Henry Gonzalez 47%
William Goodling 60%
Bart Gordon 29%
Slade Gorton 58%
Porter Goss 79%
Daniel Graham 36%
William Phillip Gramm 74%
Rodney Grams 70%
Enid Greene 73%
James Greenwood 56%
Judd Gregg 58%
Steven Gunderson 52%
Gilbert Gutknecht 50%
Ralph Hall 56%
Tony Hall 35%
Lee Hamilton 40%
Melton Hancock 85%
James Hansen 72%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 42%
J. Dennis Hastert 72%
Doc Hastings 65%
Mark Hatfield 6%
James Hayes 50%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 79%
Joel Hefley 79%
W.G. Hefner 37%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 65%
Jesse Helms 74%
Wally Herger, Jr. 79%
Van Hilleary 79%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 27%
Maurice Hinchey 10%
David Lee Hobson 72%
Pete Hoekstra 42%
Martin Hoke 58%
Thomas Holden 45%
Stephen Horn 60%
John Nathan Hostettler 65%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 55%
Duncan Hunter 79%
Kay Hutchison 74%
Henry Hyde 72%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 65%
Daniel Inouye 42%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 79%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 44%
William Jefferson 39%
James Merrill Jeffords 34%
Nancy Johnson 56%
Harry Johnston 7%
J. Bennett Johnston 39%
Paul Kanjorski 22%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 44%
Sue Kelly 65%
Dirk Kempthorne 74%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 17%
Joseph Kennedy II 0%
Patrick Kennedy 42%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 33%
Bob Kerrey 30%
Dale Kildee 37%
Jay Kim 79%
Jack Kingston 65%
Gerald Kleczka 10%
Ronald Klink 31%
Scott Klug 31%
Joseph Knollenberg 72%
Herb Kohl 14%
James Kolbe 55%
Jon Kyl 74%
John LaFalce 16%
Ray LaHood 56%
Tom Lantos 18%
Stephen Largent 79%
Tom Latham 65%
Steve LaTourette 53%
Greg Laughlin 59%
Frank Lautenberg 11%
Rick Lazio 60%
James Leach 47%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 72%
Ron Lewis 79%
Joe Lieberman 45%
Jim Lightfoot 65%
Blanche Lincoln 34%
John Linder 63%
William Lipinski 40%
Robert Livingston 72%
James Longley, Jr. 73%
Trent Lott, Sr. 74%
Dick Lugar 68%
William Luther 16%
Connie Mack 65%
Thomas Manton 35%
Don Manzullo 65%
Matthew Martinez 48%
Bill Martini 49%
Frank Mascara 29%
Robert Matsui 26%
Karen McCarthy 15%
Bill McCollum 79%
James McCrery III 72%
Joseph McDade 70%
Paul McHale 31%
John McHugh 70%
Scott McInnis 52%
David McIntosh 79%
Buck McKeon 79%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 40%
Martin Meehan 10%
Carrie Meek 39%
Jack Metcalf 56%
Jan Meyers 49%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 22%
Dan Miller 65%
George Miller 0%
David Minge 10%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 19%
John Moakley 0%
Susan Molinari 70%
Alan Mollohan 48%
G.V. Montgomery 43%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
Jim Moran, Jr. 29%
Constance Morella 19%
Carol Moseley Braun 7%
Patrick Moynihan 17%
Frank Murkowski 70%
Jack Murtha 48%
Sue Myrick 65%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 79%
Mark Neumann 43%
Robert William Ney 52%
Don Nickles 74%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 79%
Sam Nunn 50%
James Nussle 55%
Jim Oberstar 19%
Dave Obey 16%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 48%
Bill Orton 24%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 79%
Ronald Packard 72%
Mike Parker 63%
Ed Pastor 29%
William Paxon 79%
Donald Payne 0%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 43%
Clay Pell 7%
Pete Peterson 38%
Tom Petri 43%
Owen Pickett 48%
Richard Pombo 79%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
John Edward Porter 48%
Glenn Poshard 35%
Larry Pressler 57%
Deborah Pryce 79%
David Pryor 0%
James Quillen 85%
Jack Quinn 79%
George Radanovich 79%
Nick Rahall II 34%
James Ramstad 31%
Ralph Regula 56%
Bill Richardson 34%
Frank Riggs 56%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 16%
Charles Robb 40%
Jay Rockefeller IV 27%
Timothy Roemer 25%
Charles Rose III 33%
Toby Roth 50%
William Roth, Jr. 68%
Marge Roukema 33%
Martin Olav Sabo 19%
Rick Santorum 74%
Paul Sarbanes 24%
Jim Saxton 79%
Joe Scarborough 79%
Daniel Schaefer 79%
Steven Schiff 79%
Pat Schroeder 24%
Andrea Seastrand 85%
John Shadegg 79%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 72%
Christopher Shays 27%
E.G. Shuster 79%
Paul Simon 7%
Alan Simpson 54%
Norman Sisisky 52%
David Skaggs 16%
Joseph Skeen 72%
Ike Skelton 47%
Linda Smith 65%
Nick Smith 43%
Bob Smith 74%
Olympia Snowe 58%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 79%
Mark Souder 79%
Arlen Specter 51%
Floyd Spence 72%
John Spratt, Jr. 29%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 79%
Charles Stenholm 41%
Ted Stevens 58%
Steve Stockman 65%
Louis Stokes 13%
Gerry Studds 0%
Bob Stump 79%
Bart Stupak 16%
James Talent 79%
John Tanner 43%
Randy Tate 73%
William Tauzin 79%
Charles Taylor 72%
Gene Taylor 50%
Frank Tejeda 41%
Craig Thomas 74%
William Thomas 65%
Fred Thompson 74%
Ray Thornton 21%
Karen Thurman 35%
Strom Thurmond 74%
Todd Tiahrt 60%
Peter Torkildsen 48%
Esteban Edward Torres 19%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 56%
Bruce Vento 0%
Harold Volkmer 31%
Barbara Vucanovich 59%
Robert Walker 85%
James Walsh 71%
Zach Wamp 65%
Michael Ward 17%
John Warner 74%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 63%
Henry Waxman 15%
David Weldon 79%
W. Curtis Weldon 65%
Gerald Weller 56%
Paul Wellstone 7%
Rick White 79%
Pat Williams 28%
Charles Wilson 46%
Bob Wise, Jr. 31%
Frank Wolf 72%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 16%
Sidney Yates 0%
Bill Young 72%
Bill Zeliff 73%
Richard Zimmer 48%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.